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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab

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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize

(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing

(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing

(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

Originally posted by leeye84 on 28 Apr 2007, 16:18.
Last edited by hazelnut on 02 Jan 2018, 20:22, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2007, 16:55
To be supportive, the use of "taking" is needed. So D and E are out.

Parellelism needs "to standardize" (Note: The matching has to be between "to sell, to standardize and to predict)

So, B is correct.
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2007, 19:35
to sell ,to predict in non underlined section narrow down the choices to
B and E.
E will break parallelism.
so B
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2007, 21:37
[quote="leeye84"]126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, [u]taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize [/u]its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.[/quote]

B for me, parallelism "to sell, to standarize, and to predict"

A, C- it must read 'to standarize' to keep parallelism
D,E - 'tak advantage' doesn't need to be parallel to the other items as it should be modifying the sale of shellfish; the correct phrase is 'taking advantage...'
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2007, 01:38
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.


Another B.
Parallel structures: enable to sell, to standardize, and to predict
the trick is "taking advantage". It is a gerund structure which describes the verb "sell".
- To sell how?
-Taking advantage of .....
When choosing among the answers first eliminate D and E, because "take" is not parallel to "to sell". Then realize that "taking" describes the infinitive "to sell" and then among A,B and C choose the one with "standardize" in the parallel form.
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2007, 05:38
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.


to X, to y and to Z -> A,C,D
"Taking" is required ->Answer:B
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2007, 08:21
Caas wrote:
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.


Another B.
Parallel structures: enable to sell, to standardize, and to predict
the trick is "taking advantage". It is a gerund structure which describes the verb "sell".
- To sell how?
-Taking advantage of .....
When choosing among the answers first eliminate D and E, because "take" is not parallel to "to sell". Then realize that "taking" describes the infinitive "to sell" and then among A,B and C choose the one with "standardize" in the parallel form.



It is not really a gerund structure. It's a participial phrase.

Commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2007, 08:24
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leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.



B for llism.

"taking............" is participle modifying phrase.
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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2010, 19:41
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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2010, 19:48
ichha148 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.
(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

Please provide your reason as well


B

to sell, to standardize, and to predict
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2010, 20:03
yes , B is the answer , however why there is no need to make this part -taking advantage of off-season demand - parallel with the rest of the sentence

Why is E wrong ?
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2010, 20:07
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ichha148 wrote:
yes , B is the answer , however why there is no need to make this part -taking advantage of off-season demand - parallel with the rest of the sentence

Why is E wrong ?


E wouldn't be parallel, you would need "to take"

taking advantage isn't part of the list, rather, taking advantage is modifying
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2010, 12:03
raghavs wrote:
As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.
A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize


to sell ... to standardize .. to predict -> needs to be in parallel and as predict has a to, so standardize also needs a to infront. taking advantage of off-season demand modifies the selling year round.

B
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2010, 14:28
B.

Parallelism is tested here. to sell.. to standardize.. to predict !
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New post 31 Mar 2010, 23:18
As chix475ntu has mentioned, taking advantage modifies "enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round". Hence taking is correct in the given sentence.
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2011, 15:54
1

here's a 10-sec approach to solve the question ... okay, may be not 10, but let's say ... 20-secs .. still not bad!

'and to predict sales ..' is not underlined. find choices that are parallel to this.

only B & E have 'to standardize .. and to predict'
in E 'take advantage' is not parallel and is not the correct modifier ... 'taking advantage' is the correct modifier.

hence, B

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2012, 22:26
+ 1B
correct parallelism between infinitives.
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2014, 14:35
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize


As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries
1.to sell the shellfish year-round--modifier modifying this action --taking advantage of off-season demand,
2.standardize its sizes and colors, and
3.to predict sales volume in advance.

Clearly sentence structure 2 is not a parallel entity in the list..and it is the only error here..

to standardize is the required change..B it is
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2014, 16:35
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.


To standardize is a must, only B and E left.
Taking is more accurate. My answer is B too
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2015, 12:06
For parallelism to hold good....B
Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab &nbs [#permalink] 22 Jan 2015, 12:06

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