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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab

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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2010, 19:48
ichha148 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.
(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

Please provide your reason as well


B

to sell, to standardize, and to predict

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2010, 20:03
yes , B is the answer , however why there is no need to make this part -taking advantage of off-season demand - parallel with the rest of the sentence

Why is E wrong ?
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2010, 20:07
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ichha148 wrote:
yes , B is the answer , however why there is no need to make this part -taking advantage of off-season demand - parallel with the rest of the sentence

Why is E wrong ?


E wouldn't be parallel, you would need "to take"

taking advantage isn't part of the list, rather, taking advantage is modifying

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2010, 12:03
raghavs wrote:
As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.
A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize


to sell ... to standardize .. to predict -> needs to be in parallel and as predict has a to, so standardize also needs a to infront. taking advantage of off-season demand modifies the selling year round.

B

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2010, 14:28
B.

Parallelism is tested here. to sell.. to standardize.. to predict !

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2010, 23:18
As chix475ntu has mentioned, taking advantage modifies "enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round". Hence taking is correct in the given sentence.

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2011, 15:54
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here's a 10-sec approach to solve the question ... okay, may be not 10, but let's say ... 20-secs .. still not bad!

'and to predict sales ..' is not underlined. find choices that are parallel to this.

only B & E have 'to standardize .. and to predict'
in E 'take advantage' is not parallel and is not the correct modifier ... 'taking advantage' is the correct modifier.

hence, B

HTH

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2012, 22:26
+ 1B
correct parallelism between infinitives.
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 07:49
to sell ... to standardize .. to predict -> needs to be in parallel and as predict has a to, so standardize also needs a to infront. taking advantage of off-season demand modifies the selling year round.

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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 06:32
As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

GMATNinja It is a tricky question. What is the VERBing "taking" intended to modify in this sentence?
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2017, 14:54
hazelnut wrote:
As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

GMATNinja It is a tricky question. What is the VERBing "taking" intended to modify in this sentence?

See nsp007 's response above: https://gmatclub.com/forum/as-envisione ... ml#p708289
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2017, 19:34
Parallelism rule as per manhattan guide . For verb parallelism - Infinitive Verb needs to be parallel with infinitive verb " TO Sell , TO Standardize and To Predict

Non Underline part - To sell and To predict are the key points to find.

, Ing part is modifying the to sell clause
I would go for D

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2017, 20:59
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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

There are only three disparate things that commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries namely
1. to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, -- Here taking advantage is the process by which the fisheries sell year-round, hence is just one unit.
2. to standardize its sizes and colors, and
3. to predict sales volume in advance.
Since the non-underlined portion is marked with the infinitive, it is imperative that the infinitive marker accompany all the three factors. Therefore, B is the chosen answer. D is not the answer since if 'standardize' were to be taken as another factor, it should have been duly marked with the infinitive word 'to'.
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2017, 21:26
ichha148 wrote:
As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize


in a sentence, which contain many finite verbs, (which have tense-simple, past, perfect present....) and non finite verbs which contain no tenses , the meaning relation between action presented by finite or non finite verbs is considered.

one of most typical pattern is the meaning relation between finite verb and doing

main clause +comma+doing

in this pattern, doing show another aspect of main clause. in fact, there is no two action but only one action. the doing show another aspect of main action presented by finite verb in main clause.

I learn gmat, making my english better.

learning and making is one action . I learn and this also mean I make.

from this most basic understanding we can infer dose "taking advantage..." is another aspect of main verb or separate action which should be paralel to main verb. this key point is still basic.

I lear gmat and make my english better

there is two separate actions here, learning and making are separate. in this sentence , I maybe take two class, gmat class and english class.

this point is hard at first, but we need to know this point because it is basic. is is neccessary to know when we want to show another aspect of main verb in the main clause and when we know another action parallel to main verb.

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enab   [#permalink] 08 Aug 2017, 21:26
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