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# prohibiting.....

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Manager
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22 Jun 2004, 20:26
16.One of Ronald Reaganâ€™s first acts as President was to rescind President Carterâ€™s directive <<that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States be prohibited from sale to other countries.>>
(A) that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States be prohibited from sale to other countries
(B) that any chemical be prohibited from sale to other countries that was banned on medical grounds in the United States
(C) prohibiting the sale to other countries of any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States
(D) prohibiting that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States is sold to other countries
(E) that any chemical banned in the United States on medical grounds is prohibited from being sold to other countries

If you have any questions
New!
Director
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23 Jun 2004, 01:52
Will go with A

(B) that any chemical be prohibited from sale to other countries that was banned on medical grounds in the United States

That refers to countries

(C) prohibiting the sale to other countries of any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States

Wrong construction throughout!

(D) prohibiting that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States is sold to other countries

correct form: "be" instead of "is"
Also, I guess "that" is not required

(E) that any chemical banned in the United States on medical grounds is prohibited from being sold to other countries

Wrong construction
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23 Jun 2004, 04:26
my ans is A ...

that was great effort by srijay... kudos

lets take this sentence as ''being '' told to us in the passive form...

and the use of ''that'' suits well...
also in C ''prohibitng''aat the start of the non-underlined part intends to change the emaning..into some thing like one of the first acts of president regan was ''prohibiting'' ............

hope that helps!
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23 Jun 2004, 07:04
(A) is best.
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23 Jun 2004, 08:03
I think that the answer should be C.

I can't explain it in this case, it's just the gut feeling.

'to prohibit smth' I feel is correct
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23 Jun 2004, 08:18
Hi
I would go with E.

The explaination is similar to others, and it is gutt feeling as well. For me, the other choices sound wierd.

A - has this 'from sale' .. to my ears, it is better put if said as 'prohibited from being sold'. If E is eliminated just because, the absence of a ',' between United States and on medical grounds, then yeah.. pehaps. This will let me know, that ETS tests comma structure as well.

Waiting for the OA.

Regards
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23 Jun 2004, 12:21
carsen wrote:
Hi
I would go with E.

The explaination is similar to others, and it is gutt feeling as well. For me, the other choices sound wierd.

A - has this 'from sale' .. to my ears, it is better put if said as 'prohibited from being sold'. If E is eliminated just because, the absence of a ',' between United States and on medical grounds, then yeah.. pehaps. This will let me know, that ETS tests comma structure as well.

Waiting for the OA.

Regards

I don't like E because it destroys the initial subjunctive mood. If it is E, it should read --- THAT any chemical banned in the United States on medical grounds BE prohibited from being sold to other countries.

I vote for A.
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23 Jun 2004, 12:48
Nice explanation Srijay. I'm with you buddy. A it is. E does destroy subjunctive mood and C uses wrong construction.
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Paul

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23 Jun 2004, 13:11
srijay007 wrote:
Will go with A

(B) that any chemical be prohibited from sale to other countries that was banned on medical grounds in the United States

That refers to countries

(C) prohibiting the sale to other countries of any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States

Wrong construction throughout!

(D) prohibiting that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States is sold to other countries

correct form: "be" instead of "is"
Also, I guess "that" is not required

(E) that any chemical banned in the United States on medical grounds is prohibited from being sold to other countries

Wrong construction

Can you please elaborate what's wrong with C?

I vote for C. "Prohibit X"

A, B and E - "that" awkwardly connects directive with underlined text.
D - prohibiting that - guess unidiomatic.
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23 Jun 2004, 13:38
C's construction is:
sale to Y of X

Proper form should be:
sale of X to Y
preposition "of" should directly link the two nouns it refers to. In this case, sale of any chemical to other countries
is equivalent to
sale relating to any chemical to other countries

C's construction would be:
sale to other countries relating to any chemical
It sounds as if the other countries are "of/relating to" any chemical
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Paul

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23 Jun 2004, 14:49
No need to change anything. A.
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23 Jun 2004, 21:10
The source of this question is SC885 .I m not sure whether the answers of SC885 is correct or not...
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23 Jun 2004, 21:19
I think C is right. I think the error in A may be that "prohibit from" needs an "ing" present participle immediately after, which A does not have.
Ex: I prohibit you from doing/eating/crossing X
Anybody else could confirm this?

I think A would have been good if it were as follows:
[...] that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States be prohibited from being sold to other countries
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Paul

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24 Jun 2004, 10:21
Paul wrote:
:stupid I think C is right. I think the error in A may be that "prohibit from" needs an "ing" present participle immediately after, which A does not have.
Ex: I prohibit you from doing/eating/crossing X
Anybody else could confirm this?

I think A would have been good if it were as follows:
[...] that any chemical banned on medical grounds in the United States be prohibited from being sold to other countries

First, I don't like "being" word.

Second,
A - "One ..act ..was to rescind .. directive that X be prohibited from being sold"
where "being sold", suggested by Paul and Stolyar, reads like a state of X. In other words, X would have a property of "being sold" ??!
The correct idiom reads "prohibited X from doing Y" where doing is an act, not a property of X.

Third,
"One ..act ..was to rescind .. directive that WHAT?" .. "directive that X be prohibited.."
IMO, should be at least "directive that prohibits". In other words, "that", following "directive", should be followed by
1- a description of "the directive" or
2- a verb such as prohibited/ruled/ordered. (Verb+ will also be a description of the directive)
I insist that there is something wrong with "that'. However, I would like you guys to correct me if I am wrong.

P.S. Stolyar and Paul, please confirm the construction in C is definitely wrong and it is grammatically incorrect to use "sale to Y of X".
24 Jun 2004, 10:21
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