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QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring

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QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2017, 21:09
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 62: Sentence Correction

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A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.

(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.

(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

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QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2017, 21:10
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This question is pretty much 100% about meaning. Some really nice explanations are already below, so I'll try to keep these short.

Quote:
(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

I think we would all love to vote to curb potential fraud, but that's clearly not the intended meaning of the sentence. (A) is gone.

Quote:
(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

This looks good. In order to curb potential fraud, a proposed law would make people bring ID when the vote. And the verb "would" makes sense, too: the proposed law isn't in effect yet, so the conditional is correct. Keep (B).

Quote:
(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.

There are a few issues here. "Will require" is a little bit too certain, since the law has only been proposed; "would" is better. It's a little bit of a stretch to say that citizens "curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places," but that's not necessarily wrong -- it just makes more sense to say that the law curbs fraud by requiring ID, as in answer choice (B). And "they" is a little bit further from "citizens" than we'd ideally like.

There's no single factor that makes (C) DEFINITELY wrong, but there's enough goofiness here to make it an inferior choice to (B).

Quote:
(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.

The phrase "polling places with photo ID" makes it sound like the polling places themselves have photo ID, and that doesn't make much sense. "Will" is also not ideal here. (D) is out.

Quote:
(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

"Requires" is the wrong verb tense here, since the law hasn't taken effect yet. "They" is also arguably a little bit ambiguous. And sure, pronoun ambiguity isn't an absolute rule (as discussed in this YouTube video), but (B) is clearly better than (E).
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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2017, 21:35
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A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.
Incorrect - Citizens are not voting to curb potential fraud
(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.
Correct
(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.
Incorrect - It sounds as if focus has moved from proposed law curbing fraud by requiring voters to do something to citizen requiring to curb laws.
(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.
Incorrect - It sounds as if citizens will vote at polling places having photo ID
(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.
Incorrect - "A proposed law", will or would is required.
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QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 26 Jul 2017, 01:21
2
Citizens ..... when they vote to curb potential fraud? Wow. Great idea. I would love to vote to curb potential fraud, who won't?

But, is that the intended meaning here? Nopes, I'm afraid not. The meaning is: to curb the potential fraud, citizens have to bring their ID along with them when they come to vote.

(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud. Not the intended meaning.

(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote. Correct. Intended meaning + subjunctive 'would' + to form of verb. Perfect!

(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote. Duhh! Not the intended meaning again.

(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID. Vote with a photo ID? Hilarious.

(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote. Requires? It is a law of the land or what?
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Originally posted by DigitsnLetters on 25 Jul 2017, 21:58.
Last edited by DigitsnLetters on 26 Jul 2017, 01:21, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2017, 22:10
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 62: Sentence Correction

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A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.

(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.

(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

To curb potential fraud is the aim of potential law A and B are out as it seems citizens aims is to curb the potential fraud
D is again ambiguous as Potential law require something from citizen must be the main part of the sentence.
As it is proposed law, then one should use conditional word "would"---B it is
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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2017, 23:27
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 62: Sentence Correction

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A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.

(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.

(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

A - Vote to curb potential fraud? No, the law has been proposed to curb potential fraud. OUT.
B - No grammatical issues. KEEP.
C - Citizens will curb potential fraud? No. OUT
D - Vote at polling places with photo ID? I'm not really sure how you can vote with a photo ID, but this one is OUT.
E - No mechanical grammatical issues. Just a tense issue, which needs to be compared with B for the intended meaning.

B Vs. E
Proposed Law -> It's not come into effect yet, meaning it will require the stipulation to be met when it's been implemented by congress. In this scenario we need B.

B is the answer for me.
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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2017, 07:06
And B
A: citizens will vote to curb fraud - meaning incorrect
C: law will require citizens to curb potential fraud - again meaning issue, law requires citizens to bring id, also use of will instead of would
D: will vs would, polling stations with photo Id - meaning change
E: requires vs would require B wins.

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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2017, 09:28
sananoor wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 62: Sentence Correction

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A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.

(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.

(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

To curb potential fraud is the aim of potential law A and B are out as it seems citizens aims is to curb the potential fraud
D is again ambiguous as Potential law require something from citizen must be the main part of the sentence.
As it is proposed law, then one should use conditional word "would"---B it is

IMO E

Use of would will not be appropriate

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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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09 May 2018, 06:57
If i am not wrong, "when" is used to refer / denote something related to time. Is the usage correct in option B?

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QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2018, 03:33
GMATNinja wrote:
This question is pretty much 100% about meaning. Some really nice explanations are already below, so I'll try to keep these short.

Quote:
(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

I think we would all love to vote to curb potential fraud, but that's clearly not the intended meaning of the sentence. (A) is gone.

Quote:
(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

This looks good. In order to curb potential fraud, a proposed law would make people bring ID when the vote. And the verb "would" makes sense, too: the proposed law isn't in effect yet, so the conditional is correct. Keep (B).

Quote:
(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.

There are a few issues here. "Will require" is a little bit too certain, since the law has only been proposed; "would" is better. It's a little bit of a stretch to say that citizens "curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places," but that's not necessarily wrong -- it just makes more sense to say that the law curbs fraud by requiring ID, as in answer choice (B). And "they" is a little bit further from "citizens" than we'd ideally like.

There's no single factor that makes (C) DEFINITELY wrong, but there's enough goofiness here to make it an inferior choice to (B).

Quote:
(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.

The phrase "polling places with photo ID" makes it sound like the polling places themselves have photo ID, and that doesn't make much sense. "Will" is also not ideal here. (D) is out.

Quote:
(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

"Requires" is the wrong verb tense here, since the law hasn't taken effect yet. "They" is also arguably a little bit ambiguous. And sure, pronoun ambiguity isn't an absolute rule (as discussed in this YouTube video), but (B) is clearly better than (E).

Could you please explain a little bit more about the usage of would conditional as is used in statement b?
dont we require an "if" statement for conditionals?
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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2018, 07:07
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[quote="souvik101990"]

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 62: Sentence Correction

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A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud. incorrect meaning

(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote. Correct

(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote. incorrect meaning - proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID, not to curb potential fraud

(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID. incorrect meaning

(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote. it's a proposed law and is not implemented yet. Hence, 'would' is required

IMO B

For the above reasons
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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2018, 10:16
Hi experts,
Can someone explain the usage of *would* in B

Two broad usages of would - -
1) future projected from past
2) conditional would

I can't fit the usage of *would* in any of the above usage.

Plz help

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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2018, 18:19
rahulkashyap wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
This question is pretty much 100% about meaning. Some really nice explanations are already below, so I'll try to keep these short.

Quote:
(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

I think we would all love to vote to curb potential fraud, but that's clearly not the intended meaning of the sentence. (A) is gone.

Quote:
(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

This looks good. In order to curb potential fraud, a proposed law would make people bring ID when the vote. And the verb "would" makes sense, too: the proposed law isn't in effect yet, so the conditional is correct. Keep (B).

Quote:
(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.

There are a few issues here. "Will require" is a little bit too certain, since the law has only been proposed; "would" is better. It's a little bit of a stretch to say that citizens "curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places," but that's not necessarily wrong -- it just makes more sense to say that the law curbs fraud by requiring ID, as in answer choice (B). And "they" is a little bit further from "citizens" than we'd ideally like.

There's no single factor that makes (C) DEFINITELY wrong, but there's enough goofiness here to make it an inferior choice to (B).

Quote:
(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.

The phrase "polling places with photo ID" makes it sound like the polling places themselves have photo ID, and that doesn't make much sense. "Will" is also not ideal here. (D) is out.

Quote:
(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

"Requires" is the wrong verb tense here, since the law hasn't taken effect yet. "They" is also arguably a little bit ambiguous. And sure, pronoun ambiguity isn't an absolute rule (as discussed in this YouTube video), but (B) is clearly better than (E).

Could you please explain a little bit more about the usage of would conditional as is used in statement b?
dont we require an "if" statement for conditionals?
chetan2u daagh
Posted from my mobile device

Hi..

Here would is not used in conditional form but as a possibility of something.
However in B, I am really not sure if it makes sense..
On one hand we are saying proposed law that is it is already made and being discussed now and on the other hand we are not sure what it contains..

It could have been correct in many other ways..
# To curb potential fraud, a new law would require.....
# A proposed law requiring .... would curb potential fraud.

So B may be the best here, but 'would' just not fits in and c
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Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring  [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2018, 02:30
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egmat

Could you please clarify the doubt pertaining to the Would in above OA.

Re: QOTD: A proposed law would require citizens to bring &nbs [#permalink] 06 Sep 2018, 02:30
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