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QOTD: Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people

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QOTD: Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 89: Critical Reasoning


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Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people first in flu season because they are at greatest risk of dying if they contract the virus. This year’s flu virus poses particular risk to elderly people and almost none at all to younger people, particularly children. Nevertheless, health professionals are recommending vaccinating children first against the virus rather than elderly people.

Which of the following, if true, provides the strongest reason for the health professionals’ recommendation?

A. Children are vulnerable to dangerous infections when their immune systems are severely weakened by other diseases.
B. Children are particularly unconcerned with hygiene and therefore are the group most responsible for spreading the flu virus to others.
C. The vaccinations received last year will confer no immunity to this year’s flu virus.
D. Children who catch one strain of the flu virus and then recover are likely to develop immunity to at least some strains with which they have not yet come in contact.
E. Children are no more likely than adults to have immunity to a particular flu virus if they have never lived through a previous epidemic of the same virus.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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QOTD: Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people [#permalink]

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In this passage, we have an apparent discrepancy:

  • "Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people first in flu season, because they are at greatest risk of dying if they contract the virus."
  • "This year’s flu virus poses particular risk to elderly people and almost none at all to younger people, particularly children." - This sentence suggests that the conventional wisdom should be followed this year, vaccinating elderly people first.
  • If conventional wisdom suggests that elderly people should be vaccinated first and there is reason to believe that this year's flu poses particular risk to elderly people, why are health professionals recommending vaccinating children first against the virus rather than elderly people?

We need an answer choice that explains this apparent discrepancy:

Quote:
A. Children are vulnerable to dangerous infections when their immune systems are severely weakened by other diseases.

Even if children are vulnerable to dangerous infections when they contract other diseases such as the flu, this does not change the given fact that elderly people are at greatest risk of dying if they contract the virus. Thus, statement (A) does not explain why the children should be vaccinated first, when the elderly people are more likely to die if they contract the flu. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
B. Children are particularly unconcerned with hygiene and therefore are the group most responsible for spreading the flu virus to others.

The point of vaccinating elderly people is to help them avoid contracting the flu virus. Choice (B) tells us that children are the group MOST RESPONSIBLE for spreading the flu virus to others. Thus, if we can keep the children healthy by vaccinating them first, we can greatly reduce elderly people's risk of contracting the virus from those children. Choice (B) explains why we might want to vaccinate the children first, so hang on to (B).

Quote:
C. The vaccinations received last year will confer no immunity to this year’s flu virus.

This statement simply tells us that last year's vaccinations will not be effective against this year's flu virus. This does not address the discrepancy and can be eliminated.

Quote:
D. Children who catch one strain of the flu virus and then recover are likely to develop immunity to at least some strains with which they have not yet come in contact.

Choice (D) describes an advantage to a child's contracting of the flu virus. This does not explain why we would want to vaccinate children first, even when the elderly are more likely to die if they contract the virus. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
E. Children are no more likely than adults to have immunity to a particular flu virus if they have never lived through a previous epidemic of the same virus.

This statement might suggest that children are no more likely than elderly people to have immunity to the flu virus, but that doesn't change the fact that elderly people are at greatest risk of dying if they contract the virus. Choice (E) does not explain why children should be vaccinated first and can be eliminated.

(B) is the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 11:21
Awaiting the OA

Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people first in flu season because they are at greatest risk of dying if they contract the virus. This year’s flu virus poses particular risk to elderly people and almost none at all to younger people, particularly children. Nevertheless, health professionals are recommending vaccinating children first against the virus rather than elderly people.

Which of the following, if true, provides the strongest reason for the health professionals’ recommendation?
A. Children are vulnerable to dangerous infections when their immune systems are severely weakened by other diseases.
Okay. This is just a fact set. It's already given in the premise that the virus doesn't impact the children.

B. Children are particularly unconcerned with hygiene and therefore are the group most responsible for spreading the flu virus to others.
Correct. If the children spread the virus then elderly people who play with the children will be impacted.

C. The vaccinations received last year will confer no immunity to this year’s flu virus.
Out of scope

D. Children who catch one strain of the flu virus and then recover are likely to develop immunity to at least some strains with which they have not yet come in contact.
Okay. This is a fact set. It depicts the ability of a child, and we are not worried about the child's ability.

E. Children are no more likely than adults to have immunity to a particular flu virus if they have never lived through a previous epidemic of the same virus.
Okay. This is again a fact set. We have not been given any information about an epidemic.
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Re: QOTD: Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 11:24
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 88: Critical Reasoning


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Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people first in flu season because they are at greatest risk of dying if they contract the virus. This year’s flu virus poses particular risk to elderly people and almost none at all to younger people, particularly children. Nevertheless, health professionals are recommending vaccinating children first against the virus rather than elderly people.

Which of the following, if true, provides the strongest reason for the health professionals’ recommendation?


IMO B

the conclusion is the recommendation by health professionals "vaccinating children first against the virus rather than elderly people."

A. Children are vulnerable to dangerous infections when their immune systems are severely weakened by other diseases.----Incorrect. argument provide no information about other dangerous infections. it talks only about flu

B. Children are particularly unconcerned with hygiene and therefore are the group most responsible for spreading the flu virus to others.-------Correct. this clearly shows that if children are nor vaccinated then they can spread the disease to others

C. The vaccinations received last year will confer no immunity to this year’s flu virus.------Incorrect. No information regarding last year's vaccination

D. Children who catch one strain of the flu virus and then recover are likely to develop immunity to at least some strains with which they have not yet come in contact.-------Incorrect. the conclusion is about vaccinating children first. this choice in a way opposes the conclusion by presenting the fact that if children catch flu then their immunity system is likely to improve

E. Children are no more likely than adults to have immunity to a particular flu virus if they have never lived through a previous epidemic of the same virus.------Incorrect. No information regarding previous epidemic given in the passage

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Re: QOTD: Conventional wisdom suggests vaccinating elderly people   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2017, 11:24
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