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QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists

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QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 166: Sentence Correction


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The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists for their discovery that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led to improvements in film, television screens, and windows.

A. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led
B. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—this advance leading
C. that plastic can be made to be electrically conductive, and this advance led
D. of plastic's ability to be made electrically conductive, with this advance leading
E. of plastic being able to be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led


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Re: QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 00:25
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Re: QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 01:18
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 166: Sentence Correction


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The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists for their discovery that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led to improvements in film, television screens, and windows.

A. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led
B. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—this advance leading
C. that plastic can be made to be electrically conductive, and this advance led
D. of plastic's ability to be made electrically conductive, with this advance leading
E. of plastic being able to be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led

[/textarea]

A) Correct
B) Awarding is not an advancement WRONG
C) this refers to what? WRONG
D) Discovery of ability is WRONG
E) Use of being



What is OA?

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Re: QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 01:31
[quote="souvik101990"]

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 166: Sentence Correction


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The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists for their discovery that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led to improvements in film, television screens, and windows.

A. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led
B. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—this advance leading
C. that plastic can be made to be electrically conductive, and this advance led
D. of plastic's ability to be made electrically conductive, with this advance leading
E. of plastic being able to be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led

ANSWER OPTION A

OPTION A-Absolutely correct. MEaning is intact....AN ADVANCE(modifier) is modifying previous clause..
OPTION B-after dash there is no verb-VERB is required to complete the sense-leading is a participle
OPTION C-two independent activities are shown rather than one leading to another.
OPTION D-Scientist did not discover plastic ability-CHANGE OF MEANING
OPTION E-Discovery that plastic being able to????? that means as of now plastic is not electrically conducive, then what they discovered???

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QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 02:09
The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists for their discovery that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led to improvements in film, television screens, and windows.

B. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—this advance leading wrong usage of 'this' as pronoun-no precedent +no verb in sentence
C. that plastic can be made to be electrically conductive, and this advance led
D. of plastic's ability to be made electrically conductive, with this advance leading
E. of plastic being able to be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led - red portion caused my ears to bleed

A. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led - removed the pronoun error regarding 'this'
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Re: QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 06:40
The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists for their discovery that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led to improvements in film, television screens, and windows.

A. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led - Correct
B. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—this advance leading - "this advance leading" is wrong
C. that plastic can be made to be electrically conductive, and this advance led - to be is wrong; and is wrongly used
D. of plastic's ability to be made electrically conductive, with this advance leading -discovery that is correct; modifier can't start with "with"
E. of plastic being able to be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led -discovery that is correct; being able to is very awkward
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Re: QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 08:56
[quote="souvik101990"]

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 166: Sentence Correction


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The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists for their discovery that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led to improvements in film, television screens, and windows.

A. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led
B. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—this advance leading
C. that plastic can be made to be electrically conductive, and this advance led
D. of plastic's ability to be made electrically conductive, with this advance leading
E. of plastic being able to be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led


A. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led - A noun + Noun Modifier correctly modifying and advance in such invention
B. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—this advance leading - Incorrect use of pronoun This
C. that plastic can be made to be electrically conductive, and this advance led
D. of plastic's ability to be made electrically conductive, with this advance leading - Incorrect meaning - Plastic's ability
E. of plastic being able to be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led

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Re: QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 15:05
Hello everyone,

I have read all the analyses so far, and almost of them say that use of pronoun this is incorrect in Choice B because it has no antecedent.

However, this is not the case.

This is a demonstrative pronoun that has been correctly used in Choice B as it has been followed by the noun entity it is supposed to refer to - advance.

Like Choice A, Choice B also uses Noun + Noun Modifier this advance leading to... in which this advance = Noun and leading to... = Noun Modifier.

The real trouble with Choice B is the usage of the verb-ing modifier leading to. If we were to write equivalent verb for leading to, it would be leads to.

Usage of leading to... suggests that it is the general characteristic of the advance to lead to improvements in film, television screens, and windows.

However, from the context of the sentence, it is clear that improvements took place at a particular point in time. This meaning has been correctly conveyed by the usage of the verb has led to in Choice A, the usage that makes Choice A the winner.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2017, 01:18
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[quote="souvik101990"]

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 166: Sentence Correction


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For All QOTD Questions Click Here



The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists for their discovery that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led to improvements in film, television screens, and windows.

A. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led
B. that plastic can be made electrically conductive—this advance leading
C. that plastic can be made to be electrically conductive, and this advance led
D. of plastic's ability to be made electrically conductive, with this advance leading
E. of plastic being able to be made electrically conductive—an advance that has led

why b is wrong?. very hard. I try to explain.
normally in the pattern
main clause+noun+doing

noun+doing show a attendent circumstance which happen at the same time of main clause action and work as an adverb showing context, reason, and effect of main clause.

many person learn english in vietnam, its government paying for leaning english.

choice B can not be in the pattern logically. 'this advance leading..." can not show a context, reason or effect of main clause.

choice A is a different pattern. in this pattern, "an advance the has led..." is a summury of the main clause

main clause+ a+ noun+ noun modifier

is different pattern, in which "a +noun+ modifier" show a summary of the main clause

I like mba, a fact many persons know.

in this problem , pattern second is fit logically.

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Re: QOTD: The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three scientists   [#permalink] 06 Dec 2017, 01:18
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