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QOTD: The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections

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QOTD: The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 243: Critical Reasoning


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The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections are that it will remain so. In the United States this year, the total amount of tobacco sold by tobacco farmers has increased, even though the number of adults who smoke has decreased.

Each of the following, if true, could explain the simultaneous increase in tobacco sales and decrease in the number of adults who smoke EXCEPT:

A. During this year, the number of women who have begun to smoke is greater than the number of men who have quit smoking

B. The number of teen-age children who have begun to smoke this year is greater than the number of adults who have quit smoking during the same period

C. During this year, the number of nonsmokers who have begun to use chewing tobacco or snuff is greater than the number of people who have quit smoking

D. The people who have continued to smoke consume more tobacco per person than they did in the past

E. More of the cigarettes made in the United States this year were exported to other countries than was the case last year.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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QOTD: The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections [#permalink]

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This passage presents what seems like a paradox:

  • The number of adults who smoke has decreased... BUT
  • The total amount of tobacco sold by tobacco farmers has increased.

Notice that “tobacco sold by tobacco farmers” is not the same as “the number of adults who smoke.” Smoking is only one possible use of tobacco bought from U.S. farmers, and U.S. adults are only one segment of the world population. We can explain this paradox by identifying other products made from tobacco or other users of tobacco.

And since this is an EXCEPT question, it’s always good to be clear about what we’re trying to do: we’re ELIMINATING anything that could explain the paradox.

With that in mind...

Quote:
A. During this year, the number of women who have begun to smoke is greater than the number of men who have quit smoking

Knowing the breakdown of adults smokers doesn’t give us an alternative tobacco product or an alternative tobacco user. (A) doesn’t change the fact that the total number of adult smokers has decreased, and it does nothing to explain why tobacco sales have somehow increased.

Choice (A) won’t resolve the paradox, so let’s keep it around and continue eliminating choices.

Quote:
B. The number of teen-age children who have begun to smoke this year is greater than the number of adults who have quit smoking during the same period

Choice (B) points out a non-adult group, teenagers, whose entry into the world of smoking could account for the overall increase in tobacco sales. We’ll eliminate this choice.

Quote:
C. During this year, the number of nonsmokers who have begun to use chewing tobacco or snuff is greater than the number of people who have quit smoking

Choice (C) names increases in the popularity of two non-smoking products (snuff and chewing tobacco) that could lead to increased tobacco sales. This could resolve the paradox, so we can eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. The people who have continued to smoke consume more tobacco per person than they did in the past

Choice (D) doesn’t name a new type of tobacco user or a different type of tobacco product. However, it does offer a third reason why total tobacco sales could increase: whoever is still smoking is more committed than ever! Way to outdo those pesky teenagers, adults. And thanks for helping us eliminate this choice.

Quote:
E. More of the cigarettes made in the United States this year were exported to other countries than was the case last year.

Choice (E) identifies an entire world of non-U.S.-adult smokers who could be driving up demand for U.S. tobacco. Let’s eliminate this choice.

Answer choice (A) is still the only choice that fails to give us an alternative consumer, an alternative product, or missing information on how much smoking is done by U.S. adults. We’re sticking with it. And for the record, none of these choices are as addictive as the GMAT (sorry if that joke was a drag). :grin: I’ll be here all week, folks.
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Re: QOTD: The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2018, 13:01
The answer is A.
Since, this is an except question, we need to find out the option which doesn't explain the increase in sale of tobacco even when the number of adults smoking tobacco has decreased.

A) This choice breaks the premise which clearly states that number of adults smoking has decreased.(assuming women to be adults)
B)Since, number of teen-agers smoking has increased, it explains the paradox.
C)Since, people have started using other tobacco products, it explains why tobacco sale has increased.
D) People who have continued smoking, have increased the amount of tobacco that they smoke. Hence, tobacco sale has increased as a whole.
E) Since, exports of cigarettes have increased, it might be the reason why the total tobacco sold has increased.
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Re: QOTD: The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2018, 04:59
IMA A.

The conclusion says: Even though the number of "adults" who smoke has decreased, the total amount of tobacco sold by farmers has increased. Keyword: "adults" and "sold by farmers". Therefore, anything that connects the two situations can help bridge the gap, possible situations can be- maybe the smokers are smoking more amount or maybe tobacco is now being used for other purposes or maybe the neighbouring countries are now demanding more of US made tobacco or maybe say a boost in economy has made remaining smokers smoke products that have more amount of tobacco such as cigars than cigarettes. With this pre-thinking, let us look at the options and select one that does not help bridge the gap:

A. During this year, the number of women who have begun to smoke is greater than the number of men who have quit smoking. Unless women are not counted as adults, the statement does not help explain the gap.

B. The number of teen-age children who have begun to smoke this year is greater than the number of adults who have quit smoking during the same period. Possible situation as the conclusion talks about "adults".

C. During this year, the number of nonsmokers who have begun to use chewing tobacco or snuff is greater than the number of people who have quit smoking. In line with our pre-thinking, a possible explanation.

D. The people who have continued to smoke consume more tobacco per person than they did in the past. Possible situation, gives information that fills the gap.

E. More of the cigarettes made in the United States this year were exported to other countries than was the case last year. Possible reason for the increase in sales even with the number of "adult" smokers decreasing in US.

Hence, A.
Re: QOTD: The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections   [#permalink] 15 Mar 2018, 04:59
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