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Rachel: The legal drinking age in America should remain at 21, because

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Rachel: The legal drinking age in America should remain at 21, because  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2019, 01:21
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Rachel: The legal drinking age in America should remain at 21, because teens have not yet reached an age where they are able to consume alcohol responsibly. Additionally, the actions of 18-year-olds are more likely to be imitated by teens aged 15 to 17 than are the actions of those who are significantly older, so lowering the drinking age to 18 would also result in increased alcohol consumption by younger teens trying to emulate the actions of their older peers.

Mackenzie: The drinking age in America should be lowered to 18, because keeping it at 21 has not only failed to curb teen drinking but has encouraged those teens who do drink to do so in private, uncontrolled environments where they are more prone to life-endangering behavior. Many youths in European countries drink from an early age, and those countries have substantially fewer alcohol-related problems than we do in America.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly weaken Mackenzie’s argument?


(A) The idea that Europeans and other nations with low or no minimum drinking ages do not have alcohol-related problems is a myth.

(B) If Americans are allowed to give their lives for this country at age 18, then they should be considered old enough to make the proper decision as to what to put in their bodies.

(C) More American high-school students drink now than they did decades ago, when the drinking age was lower.

(D) In European culture, youths are taught at an early age that it is acceptable to either abstain from alcohol entirely or drink in moderation and that it is never acceptable for them to abuse alcohol, regardless of their age.

(E) European youths are just as likely as American youths to drink in private, uncontrolled environments.


SIMILAR "ASSUMPTIONS" QUESTION IS HERE.

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Re: Rachel: The legal drinking age in America should remain at 21, because  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2019, 10:22
[quote="Bunuel"]Rachel: The legal drinking age in America should remain at 21, because teens have not yet reached an age where they are able to consume alcohol responsibly. Additionally, the actions of 18-year-olds are more likely to be imitated by teens aged 15 to 17 than are the actions of those who are significantly older, so lowering the drinking age to 18 would also result in increased alcohol consumption by younger teens trying to emulate the actions of their older peers.

Mackenzie: The drinking age in America should be lowered to 18, because keeping it at 21 has not only failed to curb teen drinking but has encouraged those teens who do drink to do so in private, uncontrolled environments where they are more prone to life-endangering behavior. Many youths in European countries drink from an early age, and those countries have substantially fewer alcohol-related problems than we do in America.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly weaken Mackenzie’s argument?


(A) The idea that Europeans and other nations with low or no minimum drinking ages do not have alcohol-related problems is a myth.

(B) If Americans are allowed to give their lives for this country at age 18, then they should be considered old enough to make the proper decision as to what to put in their bodies.

(C) More American high-school students drink now than they did decades ago, when the drinking age was lower.

(D) In European culture, youths are taught at an early age that it is acceptable to either abstain from alcohol entirely or drink in moderation and that it is never acceptable for them to abuse alcohol, regardless of their age.

(E) European youths are just as likely as American youths to drink in private, uncontrolled environments.


IMO the correct answer is option E.
If the European youths are as likely as American youths to drink in private, uncontrolled environment; then they are exposed to similar risks thereby refuting Mackenzie's claim.
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Re: Rachel: The legal drinking age in America should remain at 21, because  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2019, 02:21
Bunuel wrote:
Rachel: The legal drinking age in America should remain at 21, because teens have not yet reached an age where they are able to consume alcohol responsibly. Additionally, the actions of 18-year-olds are more likely to be imitated by teens aged 15 to 17 than are the actions of those who are significantly older, so lowering the drinking age to 18 would also result in increased alcohol consumption by younger teens trying to emulate the actions of their older peers.

Mackenzie: The drinking age in America should be lowered to 18, because keeping it at 21 has not only failed to curb teen drinking but has encouraged those teens who do drink to do so in private, uncontrolled environments where they are more prone to life-endangering behavior. Many youths in European countries drink from an early age, and those countries have substantially fewer alcohol-related problems than we do in America.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly weaken Mackenzie’s argument?


(A) The idea that Europeans and other nations with low or no minimum drinking ages do not have alcohol-related problems is a myth.

(B) If Americans are allowed to give their lives for this country at age 18, then they should be considered old enough to make the proper decision as to what to put in their bodies.

(C) More American high-school students drink now than they did decades ago, when the drinking age was lower.

(D) In European culture, youths are taught at an early age that it is acceptable to either abstain from alcohol entirely or drink in moderation and that it is never acceptable for them to abuse alcohol, regardless of their age.

(E) European youths are just as likely as American youths to drink in private, uncontrolled environments.


SIMILAR "ASSUMPTIONS" QUESTION IS HERE.


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



E. First, a quick review of Mackenzie’s argument indicates that she is in favor of lowering the drinking age, not opposed, so you can quickly eliminate any answer choices that include support for doing so, such as Choices (B) and (C), because those choices actually strengthen Mackenzie’s argument.

Now, determine which of the remaining options best weakens Mackenzie’s argument that the legal drinking age should be lowered. The remaining answers focus on Mackenzie’s premise that because European countries have lower drinking ages and fewer problems with alcohol, lowering the drinking age in America would likewise lead to fewer alcohol-related problems. She makes her argument based on an analogy between Europe and America, so weaken her contention by showing that Europe and America are substantially similar in their approach to teenage drinking. It may sound surprising to weaken an analogy with a similarity, but in this case Mackenzie’s analogy seeks to liken the alleged present state of affairs in Europe to the supposed future state of affairs in America if the American drinking age is lowered. Showing a similarity between present-day Europe and present-day America can therefore weaken the argument that a change in the drinking age will reduce alcoholrelated problems in America.

Mackenzie doesn’t say that European countries have no alcohol-related problems, just that there are fewer, so Choice (A) is irrelevant to her argument. Choice (D) provides a concrete difference between European and American culture that reveals why European teens tend to be more responsible than American teens when it comes to alcohol consumption, so this is an answer choice that seems to lend support to Mackenzie’s argument that a lower drinking age won’t result in less-responsible drinking among American teens. On the other hand, Choice (E) reveals a similarity between European and American youth, which best serves to weaken Mackenzie’s analogy between the lower drinking age in Europe and the proposed lower drinking age in America. If both European and American youths drink in private, uncontrolled environments despite the difference in the drinking ages of the two cultures, it’s unlikely that changing the drinking age in America will affect the behavior that Mackenzie claims is dangerous (drinking in private).
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New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: Rachel: The legal drinking age in America should remain at 21, because   [#permalink] 26 Feb 2019, 02:21
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