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# Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia

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Manager
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2016, 17:53
This one was tricky. The difficulty I had from the get go was choosing instead. I thought instead was the way to go. Then I read that the GMAT prefers rather for contrast and comparisons.

Split1) Parallelism. "x rather than y" or "x instead of y". Both are correct words for contrast. The other thing to add here is that what follows x and what follows y must be in parallel. "are a branch of the main… rather than a type…" in B does it. A, C, D, and E are out.

Split2) Verb vs Noun. Whenever you see both types of words, the GMAT will always prefer verb action. In this case: "Developing" = verb form is better then "Development" = noun form. C and E are questionable, potentially out.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia  [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2017, 20:12
Merged topics. Please, search for the questions before posting them.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia  [#permalink]

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04 May 2017, 23:00
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

(A) rather than developing independently from

(B) rather than a type that developed independently from

(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of

(D) instead of developing independently from

(E) instead of a development that was independent of
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Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2017, 22:18
Hi Experts GMATNinja mikemcgarry
Is the usage of both idiom instead of and rather than correct in this OG?
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 08:09
Correct answer is B - The confusion between two options B and D, where D cited clearly "Developing independently from is not parallel to a branch."
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 18:45
can someone please suggest if the usage of 'whose' in option C is correct or incorrect?
I am able to eliminate all other incorrect options but stuck at C.
Plus on a broader level when is the usage of 'whose' appropriate?
Thanks.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 22:13
1
cubs In this case, "whose" appears as the possessive form of "which." Basically, "which's" is not a word, so we say "whose." The main problem with C is "developments was." There shouldn't be more than one development, and if that were correct, then we'd need to say "developments were."
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2018, 23:08
Couldn't agree more! On applying Parallelism rules one can neglect Options A, D.
egoistwlv wrote:
empty_spaces wrote:
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

(A) rather than developing independently from
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of
(D) instead of developing independently from
(E) instead of a development that was independent of

parallel structure. A and D are out

From the old point of view (which is objected by the author):
egg-laying is independently evolved, but it's still from a common ancestor of mammals.
if we use the phrase 'independent of', the clause means that egg-laying mammal is not from a common ancestor of mammals. So the meaning is changed

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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2018, 04:46
Hello Ma'm.

I agree with logic given here, but I have one question here?
Do GMAC give such question in GMAT in which I have to overrule the grammar?

egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence is talking about the Australian egg-laying mammals of today. They are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution. They did not develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals.

Error Analysis:

The sentence is presenting a comparison. It says that Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.

X = a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution (a noun phrase)
Y = developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals (a noun phrase that actually starts from an action word – a gerund)

Hence, the entities compared are not parallel. Y also needs to be a noun phrase that starts with a “proper” noun entity.

PoE:

A. rather than developing independently from: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. rather than a type that developed independently from: Correct. “a type…” is parallel to “a branch…”

C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of: Incorrect. Plural subject “developments” does not agree in number with singular “was”.

D. instead of developing independently from: Incorrect. Same parallelism error as in choice A.

E. instead of a development that was independent of: Incorrect. Again, the entities compared are logically not parallel.

So you see, the knowledge of correct usage or “rather than” and “instead of” is not imperative to solve this problem.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australia &nbs [#permalink] 15 Aug 2018, 04:46

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