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Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears

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Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.


A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who

B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors

C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors

D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors

E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who

Originally posted by Allen760 on 23 Oct 2006, 15:59.
Last edited by Bunuel on 01 Oct 2018, 22:16, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2013, 05:57
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Quote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who


Could you please help us with this question ?

I am still not clear - how "stunning evidence" in (D) is modifying "spears"-a noun which is far away from the modifier...



'stunning evidence ... ' in (D) is an absolute phrase. An absolute phrase is a group of words that modifies an independent clause as a whole.
What is the evidence? It is that "400,000-year-old wooden spears have been unearthed from an ancient hunting ground". The entire clause is the evidence. It's something similar to appositive.
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2013, 07:05
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fozzzy wrote:
Allen760 wrote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who


D is best Evidence That and meaning issue A and B use "it", C distorts the meaning has multiple issues, E has evidence of

My question is what does Stunning modify? Researchers?


Stunning is an adjective that refers to evidence: this is not a case of COMMA +ING VERB.

"Stunning evidence" refers to "wooden spears".

What is "stunning evidence that human ancestors systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed"? The wooden spears, not the researchers
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2006, 09:28
1
D

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
- not clear as to whether the spears or the hunting ground serve as evidence.

B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
- "what it appears" is awkward (same goes for A, as well). Implies that the hunting ground itself is the stunning evidence.
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
- highlighted portion should be "are" for plural "spears"
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
- "what appears to be" correct construction.
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who
-"what appears that" awkward construction again.
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2012, 08:03
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OMO:D
Explanation in attached sheet
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2013, 06:42
Allen760 wrote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who


D is best Evidence That and meaning issue A and B use "it", C distorts the meaning has multiple issues, E has evidence of

My question is what does Stunning modify? Researchers?
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2013, 03:31
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I am still not clear - how "stunning evidence" in (D) is modifying "spears"-a noun which is miles away from the modifier...
Can someone be more elaborate on this?
Thanks
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2013, 09:10
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marioslash wrote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunitng ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

a) it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
b) it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
c) appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
d) appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
e) appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who

Does any expert have an explaination for this question?
Thank you


in A and B after what it has no sense because IT has an unclear antecedent: it refers to germany. Moreover, it doen'st appear by itself. so out

C D E

C appear was an ancient .........hunting ground.....AND is stunning...... clearly not parallel and the sentence doesn't show a clear meaning

E stunning of human is wrong . simply becasue the eveidence shows something so we need a restrictive pronoun "that". Using OF distort the meaning.

D wins. I admit that this question is pretty tough and convoluted.

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Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2014, 13:30
Researchers have found X from (a place ) what appears to be Y (place), STUNning ( Verb+ing modifier modifying entire preceding clause) evidence that (some postulation) human ancestors systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2014, 08:43
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MKS wrote:
Researchers have found X from (a place ) what appears to be Y (place), STUNning ( Verb+ing modifier modifying entire preceding clause) evidence that (some postulation) human ancestors systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

Actually stunning in this case is not modifying preceding clause; it is just used as a pureplay adjective, modifying the noun evidence (in the sense that the evidence is stunning).

This sentence actually uses an absolute modifier construct (evidence that human ancestors systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed). Absolute modifiers are tested quite extensively on GMAT and test takers must make themselves very comfortable with this construct, especially since this is not a very intuitive construct.

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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2014, 08:59
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Unlock the convoluted sentence by referring following examples :

Simple:: I purchased vegetables from a Japanese shop. <<--- I am confident that shop was of a Japanese
Complex:: I purchased vegetables from what appears to be a Japanese shop. <<--- Here I am trying to figure out that it appears to be a Japanese shop.


Choice D is written on similar lines with additional absolute phrase modifier stunning evidence in the end.

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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2014, 06:27
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Word 'appear' only takes infinitive, and only D uses it correctly.
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 15:52
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shadabanwer wrote:
One question please, how do identify an absolute phrase from a noun modifier? For example, why can't I treat the portion after comma i.e. 'stunning evidence.....' as noun modifier, modifying hunting ground??

,


Hope you find below links useful.

https://e-gmat.com/blog/gmat-verbal/sen ... ers-gmat-1

https://e-gmat.com/blog/gmat-verbal/sen ... ers-gmat-2
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2015, 21:48
shadabanwer wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Quote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who


Could you please help us with this question ?

I am still not clear - how "stunning evidence" in (D) is modifying "spears"-a noun which is far away from the modifier...



'stunning evidence ... ' in (D) is an absolute phrase. An absolute phrase is a group of words that modifies an independent clause as a whole.
What is the evidence? It is that "400,000-year-old wooden spears have been unearthed from an ancient hunting ground". The entire clause is the evidence. It's something similar to appositive.



Hello Karishma,
Your explanation makes perfect sense, thanks!
One question please, how do identify an absolute phrase from a noun modifier? For example, why can't I treat the portion after comma i.e. 'stunning evidence.....' as noun modifier, modifying hunting ground??

Thanks in advance for your answer,


Note that "stunning evidence ..." is not modifying "hunting ground".
What is actually the stunning evidence? It is that "400,000-year-old wooden spears have been unearthed from an ancient hunting ground". The entire clause is the stunning evidence.

An absolute phrase is a modifier. It can be a 'noun + noun modifier' when it modifies the entire preceding clause as happens in this case.
An absolute phrase has some other usage too.

Check out this post: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2014/09 ... -the-gmat/
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2016, 05:54
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"It" in choices A & B are incorrect modifier, "appears was" is imprecise in choice C since two verbs are used together. "evidence of human ancestors", "Noun + of clause" is not preference in GMAT, " Noun + that + clause" as in choice D is better.
"appear + to be" is correct idiom.
Correct answer is D.
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 11:23
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Quote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who


Could you please help us with this question ?

I am still not clear - how "stunning evidence" in (D) is modifying "spears"-a noun which is far away from the modifier...



'stunning evidence ... ' in (D) is an absolute phrase. An absolute phrase is a group of words that modifies an independent clause as a whole.
What is the evidence? It is that "400,000-year-old wooden spears have been unearthed from an ancient hunting ground". The entire clause is the evidence. It's something similar to appositive.



I am unable to understand how 'stunning evidence ... ' in (D) works as an absolute phrase. If we consider 'stunning evidence ... ' in (D) as appositive then it will modify the noun preceding the appositive and hence modifying "an ancient lakeshore hunting ground" and not the whole phrase in front of it.

Can you please clarify on it.
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 00:46
SiddyVR46 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Quote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

A. it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
B. it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
C. appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
D. appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
E. appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who


Could you please help us with this question ?

I am still not clear - how "stunning evidence" in (D) is modifying "spears"-a noun which is far away from the modifier...



'stunning evidence ... ' in (D) is an absolute phrase. An absolute phrase is a group of words that modifies an independent clause as a whole.
What is the evidence? It is that "400,000-year-old wooden spears have been unearthed from an ancient hunting ground". The entire clause is the evidence. It's something similar to appositive.



I am unable to understand how 'stunning evidence ... ' in (D) works as an absolute phrase. If we consider 'stunning evidence ... ' in (D) as appositive then it will modify the noun preceding the appositive and hence modifying "an ancient lakeshore hunting ground" and not the whole phrase in front of it.

Can you please clarify on it.


An absolute phrase modifies an entire clause.
Check here: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2014/09 ... -the-gmat/
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Re: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears  [#permalink]

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