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# Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food

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General Discussion
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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I think C is correct here

Rules apply to additives not to others because use of additives is avoidable.
Intended logical meaning is conveyed via C only

D and E are discarded because of sub-verb agreement
A -their ambigiuos
B change meaning
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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I think C is correct. In main question, "they" is ambiguous because they can refer to additives , substaces and constituents. In such case, the best strategy is to mention the noun .

Subject is The use so it needs singular verb .

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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Meaning: Rules banning cancer-causing substances from food apply to new food additives and not to natural constituents of food because natural constituents use as additives is entirely avoidable.
Error Analysis:
1) As can be used either for comparison or for stating a role.
Here, as is used to state the role of natural constituents
2)their correctly refers to the closest noun natural constituents.
3)use is singular, so singular verb is should be used.
Option Analysis:
A) No error
B)slight change in meaning. It says, natural constituents are additives and their use is avoidable. But the intended meaning is natural constituents use as additives is avoidable.
C)use of such additives implies natural constituents of food are additives. This is not true.
D)use of plural verb are for singular use is incorrect
similar error as C
E) There are no meaning or grammatical errors. But, Option A is more precise.

IMO: OPTION A
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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Rules banning cancer-causing substances from food apply to new food additives and not to natural constituents of food because their use as additives is entirely avoidable.

A. their use as additives is( their is ambiguous,their may refer to both natural constituents and food additives)

B. as additives, their use is( same as in A,meaning of this suggests that natural constituents are used as additives)

C. the use of such additives is( correct)

D. the use of such additives are(SV agreement)

E. the use of them as additives is(what does them refer to)

Will go with choice C

Thanks
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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A. their use as additives is ......use of their has not got a clear reference..... refers to constituents or additives....incorrect

B. as additives, their use is .....wordy and as..is uasage is not right fit here....incorrect

C. the use of such additives is .....use of such additives is better and correct usage.....correct

D. the use of such additives are ...use..are..wrong usage....incorrect subject verb agreement

E. the use of them as additives is ....pronoun THEM usage is not the right fit..incorrect

+1 for C
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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Quote:
Rules banning cancer-causing substances from food apply to new food additives and not to natural constituents of food because their use as additives is entirely avoidable.

Quote:
A. their use as additives is

Their has so no proper antecedent. Their can be anything :Rules , food additives, natural constituents. Therefore incorrect.

Quote:
B. as additives, their use is

Their has so no proper antecedent. Their can be anything :Rules , food additives, natural constituents. Therefore incorrect.

Quote:
C. the use of such additives is

Correct S-V agreement. Use+is

Quote:
D. the use of such additives are

The use is singular and are is plural. Incorrect S-V agreement.

Quote:
E. the use of them as additives is

them has so no proper antecedent. Them can be anything :Rules , food additives, natural constituents. Therefore incorrect.

IMO C.
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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With warrior1991 answer must be (C) for the same reasons....
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Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 10: Sentence Correction (SC1)

Rules banning cancer-causing substances from food apply to new food additives and not to natural constituents of food because their use as additives is entirely avoidable.

A. their use as additives is
B. as additives, their use is
C. the use of such additives is
D. the use of such additives are
E. the use of them as additives is

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

My comments are in blue text.

Choices A, B, and E are incorrect because the pronouns their and them could refer to any of
several plural nouns . . .
AND
• GMAC will tolerate a fair amount of ambiguity, but
• not if another answer choice makes the antecedent clear

In other words, we could probably figure out what them and their refer to
But ease of understanding is important.
Compared to (C) and (D), the other three answers are murky.

[Options] B and E are also awkwardly constructed.
See whether you can explain what "awkwardly constructed" refers to.
on harder questions that test rhetoric, diction, and style.

In choice D, the plural verb are does not agree in number with the singular noun use.

Choice C is the best answer.

___________________________________________

Today, all correct answers get kudos.

No best answer exists today. (That phenomenon is common in verbal questions.)

I want to add a "guideline" to that which I mention on the main post.
1) We are looking for 4 wrong answers, NOT one correct answer.
AND
2) Multiple choice means that we have the opportunity to COMPARE, once choices are narrowed down.
• Use that opportunity in gray areas such as pronoun ambiguity and awkwardness.
In other words, when questions turn on gray areas and meaning,
wrong answers are not so much "wrong" in a way that shouts "definite grammatical error here!" as they are "less good" than the best answer.

• I could argue, for example, that pronoun ambiguity in choice E is not fatal.
I WOULD argue, however, that option E is "not as good as option C BECAUSE . . ."

Nice work, all.
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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generis wrote:
I WOULD argue, however, that option E is "not as good as option C BECAUSE . . ."

.... because .... you have a bigger vocabulary than us
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
dave13 wrote:
generis wrote:
I WOULD argue, however, that option E is "not as good as option C BECAUSE . . ."

.... because .... you have a bigger vocabulary than us

Ahem.
Than WE.

P.S. You beat me to the punch. You posted while I was writing this comment:
dave13 wrote:
p.s. gmat student will eat everything both avoidable and non avoidable

Rest assured that I will not be eating any geometrid moths or caterpillar forms thereof.
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
I will go for (C)
-> the use of such additives is
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
Hi Team,

I am failing to understand why "is" is used here for a noun which is plural "additives"?
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
Raveen7 wrote:
Hi Team,

I am failing to understand why "is" is used here for a noun which is plural "additives"?

Hi, the subject is use and not additives.
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
Rules banning cancer-causing substances from food apply to new food additives and not to natural constituents of food because their use as additives is entirely avoidable.

Rule banning cancer-causing substances from food apply
02] not to natural constituents of food
because
their use of as additives is entirely avoidable

in underline portion, SV agreement is okay singular noun THEIR USE takes the single verb IS
However, antecedent of of THEIR is not clear. Therefore original statement is incorrect.

(A) their use as additives is - INCORRECT pronoun error

(B) as additives, their use is - INCORRECT pronoun error

(C) the use of such additives is - CORRECT. pronoun error is resolved by this statement

(D) the use of such additives are - INCORRECT SV ERROR; ARE is incorrect

(E) the use of them as additives is - INCORRECT pronoun error.
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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Re: Rules banning cancer causing substances from food apply to new food [#permalink]
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