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Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a

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Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 11:34
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A
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Question Stats:

23% (02:14) correct 78% (02:08) wrong based on 264 sessions

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Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a diversity of experience. The more diverse one’s experience, the more one will understand the need for compromise.

Stephanie: To be worthy of public trust, it is not enough, as you suggest that one simply have varied experience. Such a person would not necessarily be worthy of public trust.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the reasoning in Stephanie’s response to Ruth’s statements?

A) The response simply asserts a point of view opposite to Ruth’s without giving reasons for it
B) The response fails to provide evidence for its assumption that experience is not beneficial to the practice of politics
C) The response attributes to Ruth a view that is more vulnerable to criticism than any she actually expresses
D) The response fails to make a needed distinction between personal experience and relevant professional experience
E) The response fails to provide evidence for its assumption that flexibility is unimportant in the practice of politics

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Re: Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 19:38
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nightblade354 wrote:
Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a diversity of experience. The more diverse one’s experience, the more one will understand the need for compromise.

Stephanie: To be worthy of public trust, it is not enough, as you suggest that one simply have varied experience. Such a person would not necessarily be worthy of public trust.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the reasoning in Stephanie’s response to Ruth’s statements?

A) The response simply asserts a point of view opposite to Ruth’s without giving reasons for it
B) The response fails to provide evidence for its assumption that experience is not beneficial to the practice of politics
C) The response attributes to Ruth a view that is more vulnerable to criticism than any she actually expresses
D) The response fails to make a needed distinction between personal experience and relevant professional experience
E) The response fails to provide evidence for its assumption that flexibility is unimportant in the practice of politics


A beautiful question which requires you to get the essence of what both say to get to your answer.
Ruth says A is required
Stephanie says A is not enough, as Ruth suggests

Flaw in Stephanie's reasoning is that she has not understood what Ruth implies.

So all choices that tell us that Stephanie is opposite of Ruth are wrong.
Because both say in a way that A is required.

Only C stands as rest all are talking of opposing views

C
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Re: Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2018, 21:15
what is wrong with option B. Looks like the right option.
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Re: Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2018, 21:24
HAPPYatHARVARD wrote:
what is wrong with option B. Looks like the right option.



Hi..

The option B talks of Stephanie's assumption that experience is NOT beneficial to politics..

But is it so?
Stephanie never says NOT beneficial, she says it is not enough alone, you require other things too.
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html
4) Base while finding % increase and % decrease : https://gmatclub.com/forum/percentage-increase-decrease-what-should-be-the-denominator-287528.html


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Re: Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2018, 19:44
chetan2u wrote:
HAPPYatHARVARD wrote:
what is wrong with option B. Looks like the right option.



Hi..

The option B talks of Stephanie's assumption that experience is NOT beneficial to politics..

But is it so?
Stephanie never says NOT beneficial, she says it is not enough alone, you require other things too.


Hi thanks for replying.
Option B talks about Ruth's failure to understand and talk about Stephanie's assumption that a diversity of experience is a should have quality for politics.
Ruth has mentioned that it is a should have quality of a person trying to enter politics. This means it should be beneficial to politics.
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Re: Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2018, 00:06
This is one of the common patterns that are present in reasoning flaw questions. It is called "Straw man" and it represents a situation when an author attempts to attack an opponent's position by ignoring the actual statements made by the opposing speaker and instead distorts the argument, making it weaker in the process. These common patterns can be found in the LSAT Logical Reasoning Powerscore book, and learning them has helped me greatly with this type of qs.
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Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 19:52
This can be best solved by POE. Looking at the both the arguments, looks like Stephanie has not understood Ruth's argument clearly and takes it in a different direction that can be vulnerable to criticism. Only choice C looks correct.
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Re: Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2019, 12:59
Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a diversity of experience. The more diverse one’s experience, the more one will understand the need for compromise.

Stephanie: To be worthy of public trust, it is not enough, as you suggest that one simply have varied experience. Such a person would not necessarily be worthy of public trust.

Ruth- people should be required to have a diversity of experience in order to be a politician---> diversity of experience is a necessary condition

Stephanie- it is not sufficient to have varied experience

Ruth says 'diversity of experience' should be necessary, and Stephanie's response is to say that it's not sufficient. Furthermore, Ruth is talking about a requirement for being a politician, not about a requirement for meriting public trust. So Stephanie attacks a much broader, and therefore more vulnerable, argument than the one Ruth actually makes.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the reasoning in Stephanie’s response to Ruth’s statements?

A) The response simply asserts a point of view opposite to Ruth’s without giving reasons for it - incorrect; Stephanie doesn't actually assert a view opposite to Ruth's; she asserts a view opposite to what she mistakenly thinks Ruth is saying.
B) The response fails to provide evidence for its assumption that experience is not beneficial to the practice of politics- incorrect; Stephanie never says so.
C) The response attributes to Ruth a view that is more vulnerable to criticism than any she actually expresses -Correct
D) The response fails to make a needed distinction between personal experience and relevant professional experience- Out of scope
E) The response fails to provide evidence for its assumption that flexibility is unimportant in the practice of politics- irrelevant- flexibility
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Re: Ruth: To become a politician, a person should be required to have a   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2019, 12:59
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