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S94-05

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S94-05 [#permalink]

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47% (01:59) correct 53% (01:06) wrong based on 125 sessions

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In the last few decades, physicists have identified the existence of different "flavors" of subatomic particles called quarks, most of them as small or smaller than the electron, which display a property known as color charge.

A. most of them as small or smaller than the electron, which display
B. most of them as small or smaller than the electron and displaying
C. mostly as small or smaller than the electron, displaying
D. mostly at least as small as the electron, which display
E. most of them at least as small as the electron, displaying
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Official Solution:

In the last few decades, physicists have identified the existence of different "flavors" of subatomic particles called quarks, most of them as small or smaller than the electron, which display a property known as color charge.

A. most of them as small or smaller than the electron, which display
B. most of them as small or smaller than the electron and displaying
C. mostly as small or smaller than the electron, displaying
D. mostly at least as small as the electron, which display
E. most of them at least as small as the electron, displaying

The ERRORs in original are-
1) There is an idiomatic error in this sentence. As small or smaller than is an improper idiom; as X as Y, and more X than Y is correct. However, as small.... than is not correct.

2) Additionally, the adjective clause beginning with- which display- does not logically or grammatically describe the singular electron, the noun before the clause.

ChoiceE is correct. The idiomatic error is fixed, and the participle phrase beginning with displaying refers to the noun quarks. The correct answer is E.

Choices A, B and C all retain as small or smaller than error and can be eliminated.

Choice C improperly uses the adverb mostly, which seems to describe how small the quarks are and not the number of quarks that are as small as the electron.

Choice D contains both modification errors.


Answer: E
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Re: S94-05 [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2015, 07:21
Hi,

If E is the correct answer then displaying is modifying electron and not the quark which is incorrect.

Kindly clarify if I am wrong.

Regards,
Dom.

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Re: S94-05 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2015, 08:04
I take E as an answer but I feel there is a meaning error in E.
Size of Quark is either equal to Electron or smaller than Electron.
So quarks are at most as big as electrons.

Please correct me if I am wrong :(

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Re: S94-05 [#permalink]

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mudit20111989 wrote:
I take E as an answer but I feel there is a meaning error in E.
Size of Quark is either equal to Electron or smaller than Electron.
So quarks are at most as big as electrons.

Please correct me if I am wrong :(


"at most as big as" and "at least as small as" are the same thing since both mean that the size of quarks is equal to or less than the electrons.

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Re: S94-05 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2016, 04:44
dominicraj wrote:
Hi,

If E is the correct answer then displaying is modifying electron and not the quark which is incorrect.

Kindly clarify if I am wrong.

Regards,
Dom.


Whether it is 'displaying' or 'which display' , both will modify quarks.
But my doubt is how to decide which on is correct ?

Regards.

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Re: S94-05 [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2016, 19:55
Hello,

Can anyone please how option E retails the original meaning of the question?

Thanks
Akash

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Re: S94-05 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2016, 14:43
AkashKashyap wrote:
Hello,

Can anyone please how option E retails the original meaning of the question?

Thanks
Akash



Hi..

Here are my two cents.
Here we have to remember the Verb-ing modifer rule. If a verb-ing mod. is present after a claus, preceded with a comma, then it does either of two functions
a) presents a new information about the clause
or
b) present result of the preceding clause.

Thus "displaying a property known as color charge" adds information to the preceding clause i.e subatomic particles called quarks and thus makes (E) the correct answer.

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Re: S94-05 [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2017, 19:51
If the comma is added after the clause, then the -ing modifier following that comma will modify the entire preceding clause and not just closest noun. Option E would have been nonsensical if the -ing modifier was used without the comma, because then, the modifier modifies the preceding noun which in this case is 'electron'.

I hope this helps.

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Re S94-05 [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2017, 02:28
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. Shouldn't display modify quarks and not electrons?

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Re: S94-05 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 07:31
@e-gmat , kindly explain if we should go with the intended meaning mentioned in the Original sentence !!!

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Re: S94-05   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2017, 07:31
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