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We must determine the number of children who received 3 balloons, given that every child received either 2 or 3 balloons.

Statement 1 says that \(40%\), or \(\frac{2}{5}\), of the children received 2 balloons. This means that \((100 - 40)% = 60% = \frac{3}{5}\) of the children received 3 balloons. However, since we lack any information about the total number of balloons (or about the total number of children), it is not possible to solve for the number of children who received 3 balloons. There could be 2 children with 2 balloons and 3 children with 3 balloons, or 2,000 with 2 balloons and 3,000 with 3 balloons. Statement 1 is NOT sufficient to answer the question. Eliminate answer choices A and D. The correct answer choice is B, C, or E.

Statement 2 says that a total of 360 balloons were given out to children at the circus. However, since we have no information about how many children got 3 balloons and how many got 2 balloons, we cannot determine a unique value for the number of children who received either quantity of balloons. There could be 180 children with 2 balloons and 0 children with 3 (giving \(2 \times 180 = 360\) balloons), or there could be 0 children with 2 balloons and 120 with 3 (giving \(3 \times 120 = 360\) balloons). Statement 2 is NOT sufficient to answer the question. Eliminate answer choice B. The correct answer choice is either C or E.

Taking the statements together, we have the following facts: \(\frac{2}{5}\) of the children got 2 balloons, \(\frac{3}{5}\) of the children got 3 balloons, and there were 360 total balloons given out to children. If we label the number of children \(x\), then the total number of balloons is \(2(\frac{2}{5}x) + 3(\frac{3}{5}x)\) -- that is, 2 balloons for \(\frac{2}{5}\) of the children and 3 balloons for the other \(\frac{3}{5}\).

Setting this expression equal to 360, we have: \(2(\frac{2}{5}x) + 3(\frac{3}{5}x) = 360\). This is a single-variable equation, and so we can solve for \(x\), the total number of children. Once we have \(x\), we will be able to solve for the number of children with 3 balloons: \(\frac{3}{5}x\). Therefore, we have enough information to answer the question.

The question is too easy but I am seriously confused here. If we solve the equation after combining statements 1 & 2, the number of children come out as a fraction (not a whole number). Now since the number of children cannot be a fraction, so I marked E. Kindly clarify.

The question is too easy but I am seriously confused here. If we solve the equation after combining statements 1 & 2, the number of children come out as a fraction (not a whole number). Now since the number of children cannot be a fraction, so I marked E. Kindly clarify.

The number of children who received 3 balloons each is 270/3 = 90. Please show your work.
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I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. Does the value of x (as used in explanation) comes out to be an integer ?

I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. this question is wrong as the number of children does not equals an integer.

I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. this question is wrong as the number of children does not equals an integer.

The number of children who received 3 balloons each is 270/3 = 90. Please show your work.
_________________

I think this is a high-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. The single valued expression when solved would give a fractional value for x. This is not possible since the number of children (x) cannot be fraction. So answer would be E. or there is an issue with the question.

The number of children does work out to be a fraction here if you actually solve fully using both statements, so there's something wrong with the numbers in the question. Perhaps they meant Statement 2 to say "390 balloons" instead of "360 balloons". Then you'd have 90 children receiving three balloons, and 60 children receiving two balloons.

Or maybe they meant, in Statement 1, to say "40% received 3 balloons" (instead of 2 balloons). Then you'd have 60 getting 3 balloons, and 90 getting 2 balloons, for a total of 360.
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I think this is a high-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. As per the solution provided: Total no. of Children = (360*5)/14 which gives a non-integral value. Hence, it cannot represent number of Children.