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# SC- need explanation.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 314
Location: Washington DC

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29 Aug 2008, 17:00
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Q> While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity-in many cases representing a life's savings--can plunge or even disappear．
(A) they are potentially devastating for homeowners，whose
(B) they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
(C) for homeowners they are potentially devastating，because their
(D) for homeowners，it is potentially devastating in that their
(E) it can potentially devastate homeowners，whose

OA is A but my question is why they clearly refers to depressed property values not large investors?
SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1789
Location: New York

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29 Aug 2008, 21:09
1
KUDOS
marshpa wrote:
Q> While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity-in many cases representing a life's savings--can plunge or even disappear．
(A) they are potentially devastating for homeowners，whose
(B) they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their(C) for homeowners they are potentially devastating，because their
(D) for homeowners，it is potentially devastating in that their
(E) it can potentially devastate homeowners，whose

OA is A but my question is why they clearly refers to depressed property values not large investors?

marshpa,
below is my approach.

D and E have serious problems. pronoun "it" doesn't agree with plural subject (depressed property values or homeowners)

They are out.

all remaining options A,B,C used pronoun "they" --> so we need to find out the best one from these.

Say if we have another option "F" with no pronoun amgibuity.. I will go for F

Now we will try find out what "they" refers to

[they] are potentially devastating for homeowners
replace "they" with possible nouns
[depressed property values ] are potentially devastating for homeowners --> this sentence make sense.
[large investors] are potentially devastating for homeowners -- how come large investors are devasting for HO. It doesn't make sense.

So they refers to "depressed property values "

In B,C "their" can refer to "home owners" or "large investors"
A doesn't have that ambiguity, So it is best
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Last edited by x2suresh on 29 Aug 2008, 21:39, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 314
Location: Washington DC

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29 Aug 2008, 21:35
Good one suresh, I came up with another approach that we need to check the pronoun referent not just grammatically but by usage also. Like in this sentence they refer only to property value based on the usage.
Re: SC- need explanation.   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2008, 21:35
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