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Science, to the ordinary reader of newspapers, is represented by a var

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Science, to the ordinary reader of newspapers, is represented by a var  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2018, 08:47
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Science, to the ordinary reader of newspapers, is represented by a varying selection of sensational triumphs, such as wireless telegraphy and aeroplanes, radio-activity, and the marvels of modern alchemy. It is not this aspect of science that I wish to speak of. Science, in this aspect, consists of detached up-to-date fragments, interesting only until they are replaced by something newer and more up-to-date, displaying nothing of the systems of patiently constructed knowledge out of which, almost as a casual incident, have come the practically useful results which interest the man in the street. The increased command over the forces of nature which is derived from science is undoubtedly an amply sufficient reason for encouraging scientific research, but this reason has been so often urged and is so easily appreciated that other reasons, to my mind quite as important, are apt to be overlooked. It is with these other reasons, especially with the intrinsic value of a scientific habit of mind in forming our outlook on the world that I shall be concerned in what follows.
Q1) What is the main purpose of the passage?
A. To discuss the several definitions of science
B. To argue that an ordinary person‘s view of science is actually incorrect
C. To propose increased investment the field of scientific research
D. To state that science has several aspects beyond the one that average people take into consideration
E. To explain certain lesser known aspects of science


Q2) According to the passage, which of the following could be true of an ordinary reader of newspapers?
A. He is aware that science has more than one aspect to it
B. He is ignorant of scientific developments taking place every day
C. He would regard a dam as a scientific accomplishment
D. He has a sensationalist view of science
E. His scientific beliefs lead him to have a narrow outlook of the world


Q3) Which of the following would the author of the passage most likely NOT agree with?
A. The knowledge of science is as valuable, if not more valuable, than its end results
B. To an ordinary person the end results of science are what matter most
C. The final tangible results of scientific knowledge are everlasting
D. One important aspect of science is its ability to help us form our outlook of the world
E. There are several equally important reasons why scientific research should be encouraged



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Re: Science, to the ordinary reader of newspapers, is represented by a var  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2018, 00:53

Topic and Scope/ Passage Map

The passage discusses what science means to an ordinary person and how the realm ofscience actually extends much beyond this definition
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Re: Science, to the ordinary reader of newspapers, is represented by a var  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2018, 00:56

Official Answers and Explanations

Q1) What is the main purpose of the passage?
A. To discuss the several definitions of science
B. To argue that an ordinary person‘s view of science is actually incorrect
C. To propose increased investment the field of scientific research
D. To state that science has several aspects beyond the one that average people take into consideration
E. To explain certain lesser known aspects of science
The author never states that people think of science incorrectly. He merely states that there are several other aspects of science which are equally important and that these
would be the subject of his discussion. Thus (D) is the best answer
A – The passage doesn‘t provide several definitions of science
B – The author never states that this view is incorrect but that this may be just one aspect of science
C – The author never mentions investment in scientific research
E – The author merely states that he would like to discuss these; he never actually explains these aspects in the passage

Q2) According to the passage, which of the following could be true of an ordinary reader of newspapers?
A. He is aware that science has more than one aspect to it
B. He is ignorant of scientific developments taking place every day
C. He would regard a dam as a scientific accomplishment
D. He has a sensationalist view of science
E. His scientific beliefs lead him to have a narrow outlook of the world
The passage states that an ordinary reader of newspapers is more concerned with the end results of science. The passage also mentions that anything that provides man
control over the forces of nature is considered a scientific accomplishment. (C) follows best from here.A – Opposite. The passage states that he is unaware of this
B – He is ignorant of other aspects of science but that does not mean he is ignorant of scientific developments
D – The passage mentions ‗sensational triumphs‘ but this does not necessarily translate into a sensationalist view of science
E – The passage never mentions his outlook of the world

Q3) Which of the following would the author of the passage most likely NOT agree with?
A. The knowledge of science is as valuable, if not more valuable, than its end results
B. To an ordinary person the end results of science are what matter most
C. The final tangible results of scientific knowledge are everlasting
D. One important aspect of science is its ability to help us form our outlook of the world
E. There are several equally important reasons why scientific research should be encouraged
In the middle of the passage the author states that the end results of science are fleeting
in nature and will be eventually be replaced with newer results; it is actually the scientific knowledge on which these results are based that is everlasting. So the author would
never agree with (C), the correct answer.
A – The author would agree with this since this is the main thesis of the passage
B – The author states this in the passage
D – The last line of the passage states this
E – The author states this in the passage as w

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Re: Science, to the ordinary reader of newspapers, is represented by a var  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2019, 00:19
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Re: Science, to the ordinary reader of newspapers, is represented by a var   [#permalink] 03 Aug 2019, 00:19
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Science, to the ordinary reader of newspapers, is represented by a var

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