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Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an

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Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 Dec 2018, 19:19
4
1
20
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:25) correct 43% (01:24) wrong based on 1460 sessions

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Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it back toward Earth.


(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it

(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it

(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path

(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it

(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it

https://www.nytimes.com/1989/04/20/us/big-asteroid-passes-near-earth-unseen-in-a-rare-close-call.html

Scientists later calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it back toward Earth.

Originally posted by kpadma on 06 Apr 2004, 20:26.
Last edited by hazelnut on 08 Dec 2018, 19:19, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 07 Apr 2004, 13:33
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aspire wrote:
kpadma wrote:
jo1to6 wrote:
I choose B as well...

All those who choose B tell me what the "it" refers to?


'it' refers to the asteroid. What can come back towards Earth? Not the sun. Not the elliptical path. B says that the the action of the elliptical path brings the asteroid back toward Earth.

Thats my understanding.


Thanks for your explanation. A kid who knows all aspects of grammar
but no knowledge on Astronomy may interpret in different way.

The rule is that the pronun should have a clear antecedent. The writer
should not assume that the reader has knowledge to pick the
correct antecedent.

This is a tough question.
The official answer is B

E can be refuted as follows.

Step1: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it back toward Earth.

Let us ignore non-restrictive modifier "traveling at 46,000 miles an hour"
Moreover, this part does not have any error. The simplified version.

Step 2: Scientists calculated that the asteroid orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it back toward Earth.

We are end up with following form.

Scientists claculated that <clause 1>
and that <clause 2>

The trouble is that the <clause 2> does not have a subject.

Moreover, can a object pronoun refer to a subject in a parallel clause?
I doubt it can do that!

That being said, B also has ,IMO, pronoun reference issue. It can either
refer to Sun or Astroid.

Finally, it does not matter if we get the question correct or not.
What matters is what we have learned new from this exercise that
can be used in the exam. Thanks folks for your participation.

Originally posted by kpadma on 07 Apr 2004, 13:13.
Last edited by kpadma on 07 Apr 2004, 13:33, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2004, 20:48
2
1
E is best. Also had to change from B
A) "it" seems to refer to the sun and does not make sense
B) correctly links "it" back to "the asteroid" with the conjunction "that". However, "that" also refers back to "the path". "the path" cannot perform any action, not that of "bringing" the asteroid back to Earth
C) "it" is ambiguously refering to "the sun" or "the asteroid". Also "bringing it on an elliptical path" is grammatically faulty, no matter what "it" refers to
D) logically wrong since it seems like it is the asteroid which is "bringing it (the sun?!)" back toward Earth
E) With the introduction of the conjunction "and" it makes it clear that it is the orbiting action which brings the asteroid back to Earth. Also, "calculated that X orbits" is better and more concise than "calculated that X is orbiting" from B

Had to think it twice on this one :stupid. I find this question rather tough.
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2004, 22:12
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B it is, for it is elliptical path that brings back the asteroid towards earth as told in the original choice
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2004, 05:34
1
B it is for me.

The choice is between B and E. The part of the sentence after the last "that" has no referent.
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2004, 11:31
kpadma wrote:
jo1to6 wrote:
I choose B as well...

All those who choose B tell me what the "it" refers to?


'it' refers to the asteroid. What can come back towards Earth? Not the sun. Not the elliptical path. B says that the the action of the elliptical path brings the asteroid back toward Earth.

Thats my understanding.
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2004, 16:31
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Quote:
17. Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it back toward Earth.


Quote:
(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it


Wrong here... path does not orbit the sun. the asteroid does.

Quote:
(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path


-- I would like to see ...orbits the Sun once a year.
-- The orbiting does not bring it on an elliptical path. the path itself is elliptical. and this elliptical path brings the asteriod toward the earth

Quote:
(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it


A good example of a run on sentence. Clearly Incorrect.

Quote:
(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it

this is not right.

Unless we want the statement to mean that the scientists found two things, we dont need a conjuction before "that".

for example, the conjunction would be correct in this case.

Scientists said that there exists another planet and that other planets might exist.

So here scientists said TWO things... 1. existence of another planet.

2. other planets might exist.

Here, this is not at all what we want.

The "that" should clearly refer to elliptical path ..because the elliptical path is what brings the asteroid back to earth.

Quote:
(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it


This is really the best answer.

Scientists calculated that the asteroid, xxxxxx, is orbiting the sun once a year on an elliptical path that brings it back to earth.

Here "that" clearly refers to the closest noun elliptical path.

Some might say "it" does not have a clear referent. but then what else can it refer to .... "the sun"??? nope.. put it in there and laugh your heart out .

B is indeed best.

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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2006, 09:54
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I think 'B' only is the best


(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it
>> changes the meaning due to 'that' a restrictive clause. It suggests as if 'path' itself orbits!

(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it
>> The Best! Though one can contend that 'it' can refer to the Sun too... but this is the best of the rest!

(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path
>> Awkward! Suggests, the asterois brings something (other than itself) on an elliptical path OR brings the Sun itself!

(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it
>> Same as 'C'

(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it
>> This is totally faulty, changes the meaning totally by @#$^@ing the meaning of whole sentence.
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2007, 12:52
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i felt this question was fairly easy if you knew how to parse the sentence structure (which is why i always ask structure questions every now and then)

Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it back toward Earth.

Scientists calculated that the asteroid is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it back toward Earth.


vineetgupta wrote:
Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it back toward Earth.

(A) hour, is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it
AND is the key. it has no referent.

Scientists calculated that the asteroid
is on an elliptical path that orbits the Sun once a year
and
regularly brings it back toward Earth.



(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it

(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path
does not connect to main clause.

(D) hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it
no verb in the main clause.

(E) hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it

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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2010, 09:42
Nobody is going to help?
Could anybody explain the meaning?
What is bringing what to the Earth?
What is the antecedent of "it" in B?
Whats wrong with E?

Thanks in advance.
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2011, 02:39
noboru wrote:
Nobody is going to help?
Could anybody explain the meaning?
What is bringing what to the Earth?

The elliptical path brings the asteroid back toward earth.

Quote:
What is the antecedent of "it" in B?

Good question. The antecedent is "the asteroid." If you're wondering why the "it" can't refer to "the Sun" or the "elliptical path", the answer is more logical than grammatical. The only thing moving in the sentence is the asteroid, both the sun and the orbit are stationary, so we are left to assume the asteroid is what will move "back toward earth."
"it" is not perfect, but it's better than....

Quote:
Whats wrong with E?

E makes a big mistake by misplacing the modifier "once a year." This description should be placed after "orbits the Sun" to describe how often the asteroid goes around the Sun. Instead, "once a year" is placed after "on an elliptical path;" this makes the sentence incorrectly state that the asteroid is only on the path once a year, when in fact the asteroid is on that path all the time.

As alway, the "correct" answer isn't perfect, but it avoids the modifier mistakes of the other answers. Try to keep in mind what the question is testing. If the question starts with a modifier mistake, you need to make extra sure that your answer has no modifier mistakes -- that becomes a priority for that question.
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2011, 02:22
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(A) hour, is on an elliptical path ‘that orbits the Sun once a year and regularly brings it’….. Wrong logic. It is not the elliptical path that is orbiting the sun but the asteroid which orbits and the placement of the relative pronoun ‘that’ is wrong

(B) hour, is orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path that regularly brings it ……..’orbiting’ refers to the asteroid: correct choice

(C) hour, once a year orbits the Sun, regularly bringing it on an elliptical path …. Ambiguous pronoun reference of ‘it’- can also refer to the sun implying that the orbit brings the sun in to an elliptical path,
.


(D) Hour and orbiting the Sun once a year on an elliptical path, regularly bringing it ------ The subordinate clause is a fragment

(E) Hour, orbits the Sun on an elliptical path once a year and that regularly brings it …. ‘And that' in the second part of the sentence turns it into a subordinate clause connected by a co-coordinator, making the clause ungrammatical.
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 05:13
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Re: Scientists calculated that the asteroid, traveling at 46,000 miles an &nbs [#permalink] 04 Dec 2018, 05:13
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