GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 12 Nov 2018, 16:37

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Essential GMAT Time-Management Hacks

     November 14, 2018

     November 14, 2018

     08:00 PM MST

     09:00 PM MST

    Join the webinar and learn time-management tactics that will guarantee you answer all questions, in all sections, on time. Save your spot today! Nov. 14th at 7 PM PST
  • $450 Tuition Credit & Official CAT Packs FREE

     November 15, 2018

     November 15, 2018

     10:00 PM MST

     11:00 PM MST

    EMPOWERgmat is giving away the complete Official GMAT Exam Pack collection worth $100 with the 3 Month Pack ($299)

Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction—on com

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Study Buddy Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1243
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction—on com  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jul 2018, 04:55
GMATNinja generis KarishmaB gmatexam439 egmat

Can anyone help with pronoun ambiguity - it - in OA (B). Should we use them to refer to a collection of music

Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction
—on compact discs, digital audiotapes, or digital videodiscs—

audiophiles can accumulate vast collections of [u]music, transferring it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and no damage to the sound quality

I believe transferring , copying and altering are coma+ verb-ing modifiers that show how audiophiles accumulate vast amount of music
and we are trying to maintain a parallel structure with stem - can accumulate. (can accumulate by x, y and z)
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Senior SC Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 2082
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction—on com  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jul 2018, 14:23
1
1
2
carcass wrote:
Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction—on compact discs, digital audiotapes, or digital videodiscs—audiophiles can accumulate vast collections of music, transferring them from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging the sound quality.

(A) music, transferring them from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging

(B) music, transferring it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and no damage to

(C) music, transferring them from one format to another, copy them, and digitally alter them with little effort and no damage to

(D) music and transfer it from one format to another, copy it, and then digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging

(E) music and transfer it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally alter it with little effort and no damage to

adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja generis KarishmaB gmatexam439 egmat

Can anyone help with pronoun ambiguity - it - in OA (B). Should we use them to refer to a collection of music

Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction
—on compact discs, digital audiotapes, or digital videodiscs—

audiophiles can accumulate vast collections of music, transferring it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and no damage to the sound quality

I believe transferring , copying and altering are coma+ verb-ing modifiers that show how audiophiles accumulate vast amount of music
and we are trying to maintain a parallel structure with stem - can accumulate. (can accumulate by x, y and z)

adkikani , although I understand the urge to have perfect command of rules, in a question in which elimination is as easy as it is in this case,
please do not worry about pronoun ambiguity.
Quote:
Can anyone help with pronoun ambiguity - it - in OA (B). Should we use them to refer to a collection of music

"them" would be used to refer to "collectionS" of music (the sentence says collections, plural)
"it" would be used to refer to "music"

My view of pronoun ambiguity? Let it be the VERY last reason you eliminate (or choose) an answer.
Literally. The very last.

You can eliminate the other four answers in no time flat because they have glaring parallelism errors.
You can perform this elimination with zero reference to the issue of whether B has pronoun ambiguity.
Quote:
we are trying to maintain a parallel structure with stem - can accumulate. (can accumulate by x, y and z)

Yes, you have identified one set of items that must be parallel.
Grammar requires parallelism in other parts of the sentence, too.

These items must be parallel:

1) verbs: transferring, copying, altering / (transfer, copy, alter)
2) adverbial modifiers: little [u]effort, no damage
3) pronouns: it, it, it / or them, them, them
Quote:
(A) music, transferring them from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging

(B) music, transferring it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and no damage to

(C) music, transferring them from one format to another, copy them, and digitally alter them with little effort and no damage to

(D) music and transfer it from one format to another, copy it, and then digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging

(E) music and transfer it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally alter it with little effort and no damage to


Split #1: verb-ing parallelism
Eliminate C, D, and E. Their verbs are not parallel:
C) transferring, copy, alter
D) transfer, copy, altering
E) transfer, copying, alter

Split #2: pronoun parallelism
Eliminate option A) them, it, it

More issues - parallelism between effort and damage:
A and D have the not-parallel "effort" and "damaging."

ANSWER B (check: parallelism errors? Nope. Your doubt is pronoun ambiguity?
See analysis below. The pronoun "it" in B comprehensibly and logically refers to "music."
Is any other sentence even remotely correct? No?
The answer is B.)

Analysis of pronoun ambiguity in B?
In my opinion, this sentence is not going to win any awards for elegant prose.
But the sentence is the correct answer.

Answer B is correct
1) because GMAC says so;
2) because "it" as the pronoun for "music" is logical and meaningful; and
3) because all the other answers have 100% incorrect answers.

I am not confused in the slightest by what "it" should refer to. "It" refers to music.
How do I know that "it" refers to "music"? Context.

Here are my rules for pronoun ambiguity on the GMAT:
-- in context, does the pronoun have a sensible and decipherable meaning?
-- is there a noun that matches the pronoun's intended meaning?
-- does the noun agree in quantity and sex? (plural/singular, female/male)
-- are there ANY other issues that can eliminate options? Yes? Use those other issues instead of pronoun ambiguity.
-- is the pronoun a dummy or placeholder such as the pronoun in "It rained a lot"? [This group of exceptions is very small]

Although the pronoun "it" for "music" may bother you because it seems to conflict with rules from some sources (those with which I agree included):
-- is the meaning of IT clear from the context? (Yes. We know that this "it" thing can be changed in various ways with ease and without damage.)
-- does IT have a logical antecedent? (Yes. That logical antecedent is "music.")
-- do the noun and pronoun "match"? Yes. Both are singular sexless nouns.

Takeaway? The other four answers are flagrantly incorrect.
Check B for glaring errors. None?
Mark it. Walk away. Spend your time studying just about anything except pronoun ambiguity.

Did I mention that I and many others believe that pronoun ambiguity should be the LAST reason you reject or select an option? :clap:

I hope that helps.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 21
GMAT 1: 560 Q44 V24
GPA: 2.5
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction—on com  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Oct 2018, 01:42
generis wrote:
carcass wrote:
Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction—on compact discs, digital audiotapes, or digital videodiscs—audiophiles can accumulate vast collections of music, transferring them from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging the sound quality.

(A) music, transferring them from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging

(B) music, transferring it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and no damage to

(C) music, transferring them from one format to another, copy them, and digitally alter them with little effort and no damage to

(D) music and transfer it from one format to another, copy it, and then digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging

(E) music and transfer it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally alter it with little effort and no damage to

adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja generis KarishmaB gmatexam439 egmat

Can anyone help with pronoun ambiguity - it - in OA (B). Should we use them to refer to a collection of music

Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction
—on compact discs, digital audiotapes, or digital videodiscs—

audiophiles can accumulate vast collections of music, transferring it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and no damage to the sound quality

I believe transferring , copying and altering are coma+ verb-ing modifiers that show how audiophiles accumulate vast amount of music
and we are trying to maintain a parallel structure with stem - can accumulate. (can accumulate by x, y and z)

adkikani , although I understand the urge to have perfect command of rules, in a question in which elimination is as easy as it is in this case,
please do not worry about pronoun ambiguity.
Quote:
Can anyone help with pronoun ambiguity - it - in OA (B). Should we use them to refer to a collection of music

"them" would be used to refer to "collectionS" of music (the sentence says collections, plural)
"it" would be used to refer to "music"

My view of pronoun ambiguity? Let it be the VERY last reason you eliminate (or choose) an answer.
Literally. The very last.

You can eliminate the other four answers in no time flat because they have glaring parallelism errors.
You can perform this elimination with zero reference to the issue of whether B has pronoun ambiguity.
Quote:
we are trying to maintain a parallel structure with stem - can accumulate. (can accumulate by x, y and z)

Yes, you have identified one set of items that must be parallel.
Grammar requires parallelism in other parts of the sentence, too.

These items must be parallel:

1) verbs: transferring, copying, altering / (transfer, copy, alter)
2) adverbial modifiers: little [u]effort, no damage
3) pronouns: it, it, it / or them, them, them
Quote:
(A) music, transferring them from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging

(B) music, transferring it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally altering it with little effort and no damage to

(C) music, transferring them from one format to another, copy them, and digitally alter them with little effort and no damage to

(D) music and transfer it from one format to another, copy it, and then digitally altering it with little effort and not damaging

(E) music and transfer it from one format to another, copying it, and digitally alter it with little effort and no damage to


Split #1: verb-ing parallelism
Eliminate C, D, and E. Their verbs are not parallel:
C) transferring, copy, alter
D) transfer, copy, altering
E) transfer, copying, alter

Split #2: pronoun parallelism
Eliminate option A) them, it, it

More issues - parallelism between effort and damage:
A and D have the not-parallel "effort" and "damaging."

ANSWER B (check: parallelism errors? Nope. Your doubt is pronoun ambiguity?
See analysis below. The pronoun "it" in B comprehensibly and logically refers to "music."
Is any other sentence even remotely correct? No?
The answer is B.)

Analysis of pronoun ambiguity in B?
In my opinion, this sentence is not going to win any awards for elegant prose.
But the sentence is the correct answer.

Answer B is correct
1) because GMAC says so;
2) because "it" as the pronoun for "music" is logical and meaningful; and
3) because all the other answers have 100% incorrect answers.

I am not confused in the slightest by what "it" should refer to. "It" refers to music.
How do I know that "it" refers to "music"? Context.

Here are my rules for pronoun ambiguity on the GMAT:
-- in context, does the pronoun have a sensible and decipherable meaning?
-- is there a noun that matches the pronoun's intended meaning?
-- does the noun agree in quantity and sex? (plural/singular, female/male)
-- are there ANY other issues that can eliminate options? Yes? Use those other issues instead of pronoun ambiguity.
-- is the pronoun a dummy or placeholder such as the pronoun in "It rained a lot"? [This group of exceptions is very small]

Although the pronoun "it" for "music" may bother you because it seems to conflict with rules from some sources (those with which I agree included):
-- is the meaning of IT clear from the context? (Yes. We know that this "it" thing can be changed in various ways with ease and without damage.)
-- does IT have a logical antecedent? (Yes. That logical antecedent is "music.")
-- do the noun and pronoun "match"? Yes. Both are singular sexless nouns.

Takeaway? The other four answers are flagrantly incorrect.
Check B for glaring errors. None?
Mark it. Walk away. Spend your time studying just about anything except pronoun ambiguity.

Did I mention that I and many others believe that pronoun ambiguity should be the LAST reason you reject or select an option? :clap:

I hope that helps.


My problem with answer choice B is that it tries to introduce "transferring", "copying", and "altering" as noun modifiers which modify the noun "music". This modification does not make sense.
The worst part is that according to gmatprep software, the difficulty level of this question is medium. :sad:
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction—on com &nbs [#permalink] 31 Oct 2018, 01:42

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 23 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Since digital recording offers essentially perfect reproduction—on com

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.