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Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he

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Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 03:51
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Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he attempted this year – an exceptionally high percentage for a player in Smith's league. However, this statistic does not mean that Smith is an exceptional shooter, because the best shooters take many shots from risky locations 20 or more feet away from the basket. Instead, Smith's high shooting percentage simply shows that he takes most of his shots from locations very close to the basket.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides additional support for the argument?


A. Smith's shooting percentage for shots taken from more than 20 feet away from the basket is no higher than other players' shooting percentages from that distance.

B. Smith took most of his shots during games that were closely contested and in which his team could not afford the time and effort to set up easier shots.

C. Very few of the baskets scored by Smith's team from locations close to the basket were shot by Smith himself.

D. The position that Smith plays allows him relatively few shooting opportunities from locations close to the basket.

E. Smith's shooting percentage, the highest in the league, was almost 10% higher than that of the player with the next highest percentage.

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Re: Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 04:21
Bunuel wrote:
Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he attempted this year – an exceptionally high percentage for a player in Smith's league. However, this statistic does not mean that Smith is an exceptional shooter, because the best shooters take many shots from risky locations 20 or more feet away from the basket. Instead, Smith's high shooting percentage simply shows that he takes most of his shots from locations very close to the basket.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides additional support for the argument?


A. Smith's shooting percentage for shots taken from more than 20 feet away from the basket is no higher than other players' shooting percentages from that distance.

B. Smith took most of his shots during games that were closely contested and in which his team could not afford the time and effort to set up easier shots.

C. Very few of the baskets scored by Smith's team from locations close to the basket were shot by Smith himself.

D. The position that Smith plays allows him relatively few shooting opportunities from locations close to the basket.

E. Smith's shooting percentage, the highest in the league, was almost 10% higher than that of the player with the next highest percentage.



IMO...Answer must be A
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Re: Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 04:23
Bunuel wrote:
Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he attempted this year – an exceptionally high percentage for a player in Smith's league. However, this statistic does not mean that Smith is an exceptional shooter, because the best shooters take many shots from risky locations 20 or more feet away from the basket. Instead, Smith's high shooting percentage simply shows that he takes most of his shots from locations very close to the basket.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides additional support for the argument?
A. Smith's shooting percentage for shots taken from more than 20 feet away from the basket is no higher than other players' shooting percentages from that distance.
B. Smith took most of his shots during games that were closely contested and in which his team could not afford the time and effort to set up easier shots.
C. Very few of the baskets scored by Smith's team from locations close to the basket were shot by Smith himself.
D. The position that Smith plays allows him relatively few shooting opportunities from locations close to the basket.
E. Smith's shooting percentage, the highest in the league, was almost 10% higher than that of the player with the next highest percentage.

Stimulus:
- Smith=80% shots success this year (very high rate)
But:
Best shooters take many shots >= 20 feet.
Smith's rate shows that he take most shots very close
Conclution: Smith is not exceptional shooter


The underline sentence is just an inference. Author assumed something here:
- The best players and exceptional players should be the same
- Author considers the number of shots with long distance, not the rate.
- The inference in stimulus must be true. It means that when smith has hight rate, he does not take many shots with long distance.

Feill these gaps, we can strenthen the argument:
A fill the gap.
IMO: A is the answer
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Re: Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 04:27
Bunuel wrote:
Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he attempted this year – an exceptionally high percentage for a player in Smith's league. However, this statistic does not mean that Smith is an exceptional shooter, because the best shooters take many shots from risky locations 20 or more feet away from the basket. Instead, Smith's high shooting percentage simply shows that he takes most of his shots from locations very close to the basket.


Pre-thinking :
Even though Smith made 80% of his shots, an exceptionally high percentage, we can not say that he is a great shooter, because most of his shots were from close to the basket, whereas, the best shooters take shots from 20 feet away or more.

A. Smith's shooting percentage for shots taken from more than 20 feet away from the basket is no higher than other players' shooting percentages from that distance. --> Correct, matches our pre-thinking

Hence, A.
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Re: Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 09:24
Let’s break the argument as below –

Fact: Smith is a basketball player

Data Point: Smith’s 80% shots are success and this figure is considered exceptionally high in his category of players.

Author’s Opinion: Author doesn’t consider Smith an exceptional shooter (even Smith has 80% success shots)

Supporting Data for Author’s view: Best player takes shots from risky locations (20+ feet)
What Author thinks: Smith has got most of his shots from close location (which is not the characteristics of best player)

Now, we need to find out the supporting info from the given options. Means, we need to select an option that helps us to prove why Smith is not an exceptional player even though his 80% shots are success.

A. Smith's shooting percentage for shots taken from more than 20 feet away from the basket is no higher than other players' shooting percentages from that distance. – Author says that best player takes shots from location more than 20 feet whereas (% of) Smith’s shots from more than 20 feet of location are not higher than (% of) other players. So, Smith doesn’t fall in the category of exceptional players.

B. Smith took most of his shots during games that were closely contested and in which his team could not afford the time and effort to set up easier shots. – This option says that the games were closely contested and possibility of creating easy shots was less. Means, the games in which Smith played were so tight that players didn’t get a chance to take the ball near (location < 20 feet) to basket. Smith tried taking the shots from best possible location irrespective of distance and made it success. I think we can consider Smith an exceptional player with this data which is in contrast with Author’s view point.

C. Very few of the baskets scored by Smith's team from locations close to the basket were shot by Smith himself. - This option compares the number of success shots made by Smith and Smith’s team from location less than 20 feet from basket. No data is being provided here to compare Smith with best players.

D. The position that Smith plays allows him relatively few shooting opportunities from locations close to the basket.
Let’s analyze this option mathematically.
No of opportunities from location more 20 feet = 100
No of attempt made to shoot: 2
No of success shots: 1
% of shots that are success: 50%

No of opportunities from location less than or equal to 20 feet: 5
No of attempt made to shoot: 5
No of success shots: 4
% of shots that are success: 80%

So, when Smith is shooting from near location, his success rate is 80% even though the opportunities are few when compared with far location. This data is insufficient for absolute comparison. Also, this option doesn’t provide any data for the comparison with best players.


E. Smith's shooting percentage, the highest in the league, was almost 10% higher than that of the player with the next highest percentage. – Oh! that means Smith is the best player among all. Or, if like Author, you don’t take the shooting percentage in account to assess the player’s performance, what other data you have in this option to compare?
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Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2018, 04:51
Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he attempted this year – an exceptionally high percentage for a player in Smith's league. However, this statistic does not mean that Smith is an exceptional shooter, because the best shooters take many shots from risky locations 20 or more feet away from the basket. Instead, Smith's high
shooting percentage simply shows that he takes most of his shots from locations very close to the basket.

Conclusion - Smith is NOT an exceptional shooter

Type - Strengthen


A. Smith's shooting percentage for shots taken from more than 20 feet away from the basket is no higher than other players' shooting percentages from that distance. - Correct

B. Smith took most of his shots during games that were closely contested and in which his team could not afford the time and effort to set up easier shots. - Incorrect - So most of Smith's shots were difficult ones ; also does easier shots mean shots taken from 20 feet or less

C. Very few of the baskets scored by Smith's team from locations close to the basket were shot by Smith himself. - Incorrect - this is a mild weakener - Very Few of Smith's shots were taken from locations close to the basket ; But we can't infer that most of the shots were taken 20 feet or more away

D. The position that Smith plays allows him relatively few shooting opportunities from locations close to the basket. - Incorrect- So his position may not offer him many shooting opportunities from locations close to the basket but we can't infer that most of his shots were 20 feet or more away

E. Smith's shooting percentage, the highest in the league, was almost 10% higher than that of the player with the next highest percentage. - Irrelevant

Answer A
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Smith, a basketball player, successfully made 80% of the shots that he &nbs [#permalink] 15 Jul 2018, 04:51
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