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Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in

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Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2017, 06:25
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Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare is injurious to a democracy. So legislators who value democracy should not propose any law prohibiting behavior that is not harmful to anyone besides the person engaging in it. After all, the assumptions that appear to guide legislators will often become widely accepted. The sociologist’s argument requires the assumption that

(A) democratically elected legislators invariably have favorable attitudes toward the preservation of democracy

(B) people tend to believe what is believed by those who are prominent and powerful

(C) legislators often seem to be guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare, even though these legislators also seem to value democracy

(D) in most cases, behavior that is harmful to the person who engages in it is harmful to no one else

(E) a legislator proposing a law prohibiting an act that can harm only the person performing the act will seem to be assuming that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare.

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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 12:59
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Thanks warriorguy! I agree that (C) does not fit.
Quote:
(C) legislators often seem to be guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare,even though these legislators also seem to value democracy

The conclusion of the argument is that, "legislators who value democracy should not propose any law prohibiting behavior that is not harmful to anyone besides the person engaging in it" Why not? - because such laws would imply that "individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare". If legislators are guided by that assumption, that idea (that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare) will most likely become widely accepted. According to the author, widespread acceptance of such an idea would be "injurious to a democracy."

Remember that the author's entire argument is based on a hypothetical scenario (legislators should not propose any law...). Proposing such laws could, hypothetically, be injurious to democracy because that would mean that legislators are guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare. This argument does not REQUIRE that legislators already often seem to be guided by that assumption.
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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2017, 12:47
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aurobindomahanty wrote:
Sociologist:Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare is injurious to a democracy.So legislators who value democracy should not propose any law prohibiting behavior that is not harmful to anyone besides the person engaging in it.After all,the assumptions that appear to guide legislators will often become widely accepted. The sociologist’s argument requires the assumption that

(A) democratically elected legislators invariably have favorable attitudes toward the preservation of democracy
(B) people tend to believe what is believed by those who are prominent and powerful
(C) legislators often seem to be guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare,even though these legislators also seem to value democracy
(D) in most cases,behavior that is harmful to the person who engages in it is harmful to no one else
(E) a legislator proposing a law prohibiting an act that can harm only the person performing the act will seem to be assuming that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare.


Premise 1: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare is injurious to a democracy

Premise 2: After all,the assumptions that appear to guide legislators will often become widely accepted

Conclusion: So legislators who value democracy should not propose any law prohibiting behavior that is not harmful to anyone besides the person engaging in it

So, author concludes that legislators should refrain from passing certain laws that harm democracy. What could be the assumptions that will force the legislators in making such laws? It could be that people are incapable of own welfare. Sociologists assumption is based on legislators assumption.

Option E presents the assumption of the Sociologist
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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 11:31
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gmatexam439 wrote:
Hello,

What is the issue with option C?

Regards



My 2 cents:

(C) legislators often seem to be guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare,even though these legislators also seem to value democracy

Here, often is a problem. It does not fit well in the argument. The sentence as a whole is not an assumption of the argument.

From the stem, it is given that "After all,the assumptions that appear to guide legislators will often become widely accepted. "

For the sake of democracy, legislators should not approve such laws. E fits the bills by stating that "a legislator proposing a law prohibiting an act that can harm only the person performing the act will seem to be assuming that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare." Such a thing could affect democracy.
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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 11:53
warriorguy wrote:
gmatexam439 wrote:
Hello,

What is the issue with option C?

Regards



My 2 cents:

(C) legislators often seem to be guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare,even though these legislators also seem to value democracy

Here, often is a problem. It does not fit well in the argument. The sentence as a whole is not an assumption of the argument.

From the stem, it is given that "After all,the assumptions that appear to guide legislators will often become widely accepted. "

For the sake of democracy, legislators should not approve such laws. E fits the bills by stating that "a legislator proposing a law prohibiting an act that can harm only the person performing the act will seem to be assuming that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare." Such a thing could affect democracy.


Actually i got confused by the repetitive language of the premise and then again the same sort of language in the options.
Seems i need to work on my concentration. Thanks a lot bro warriorguy
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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 13:05
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
Thanks warriorguy! I agree that (C) does not fit.
Quote:
(C) legislators often seem to be guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare,even though these legislators also seem to value democracy

The conclusion of the argument is that, "legislators who value democracy should not propose any law prohibiting behavior that is not harmful to anyone besides the person engaging in it" Why not? - because such laws would imply that "individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare". If legislators are guided by that assumption, that idea (that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare) will most likely become widely accepted. According to the author, widespread acceptance of such an idea would be "injurious to a democracy."

Remember that the author's entire argument is based on a hypothetical scenario (legislators should not propose any law...). Proposing such laws could, hypothetically, be injurious to democracy because that would mean that legislators are guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare. This argument does not REQUIRE that legislators already often seem to be guided by that assumption.


This is icing on the cake sir. Thanks a lot for the crystal clear explanation of the premise. :)
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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2018, 08:46
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Bumping for discussion. A tremendously difficult LSAT assumption question.
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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2019, 02:20
There are two premises here. That the widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare is injurious to a democracy and that the assumptions that seem to be behind the decisions that legislators make tend to become widely accepted. The conclusion that is drawn is that legislators should not pass any laws prohibiting actions that are only injurious to the one performing them.



The idea here is that passing such laws will lead people to assume that the legislators believe that people cannot be trusted to look after their own welfare, which will in turn lead to this idea becoming widely accepted which will be injurious to democracy.

It is option E that states this assumption, which is required for the argument to make sense. So, E is the right answer.
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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2019, 21:09
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
Thanks warriorguy! I agree that (C) does not fit.
Quote:
(C) legislators often seem to be guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare,even though these legislators also seem to value democracy

The conclusion of the argument is that, "legislators who value democracy should not propose any law prohibiting behavior that is not harmful to anyone besides the person engaging in it" Why not? - because such laws would imply that "individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare". If legislators are guided by that assumption, that idea (that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare) will most likely become widely accepted. According to the author, widespread acceptance of such an idea would be "injurious to a democracy."

Remember that the author's entire argument is based on a hypothetical scenario (legislators should not propose any law...). Proposing such laws could, hypothetically, be injurious to democracy because that would mean that legislators are guided by the assumption that individuals are incapable of looking after their own welfare. This argument does not REQUIRE that legislators already often seem to be guided by that assumption.


THis is a wonderful explanation.

I would like to add what GMATNinjaTwo has to say. Actually option C in a way challenges the basis on which the author draws his/her argument.

So the basis of the argument is that the Legislators should NOT pass the law of prohibition.

Now option C says something that is on CONTRARY. It says even though these legislators value democracy they don't have believe in people that they could handle their chores.

So the LIKELIHOOD as per this option goes AGAINST the argument because it directly QUESTIONS the BASIS on which author derives upon.

For this reason, I thought that it is slightly on the weakening end and can't be an ASSUMPTION at all.

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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2019, 09:53
Negating E- If legislator is not assuming that individuals are not incapable, then it will actually be democracy and not law which will widespread i.e Conclusion does not hold true. Hence option E.
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Re: Sociologist: Widespread acceptance of the idea that individuals are in   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2019, 09:53
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