Summer is Coming! Join the Game of Timers Competition to Win Epic Prizes. Registration is Open. Game starts Mon July 1st.

 It is currently 20 Jul 2019, 17:17

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products a

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Status: I don't stop when I'm Tired,I stop when I'm done
Joined: 11 May 2014
Posts: 530
GPA: 2.81
Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products a  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2016, 13:34
3
Top Contributor
6
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

64% (01:59) correct 36% (02:04) wrong based on 350 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products are contributing to a perceived obesity crisis by offering customers a wide assortment of new "low carbohydrate" and "low fat" menu offerings. Clearly, the reason for these menu changes is a desire on the part of these chains to prove that fast food does not necessarily have to be unhealthful junk food.

Which of the following most seriously undermines the explanation offered above for the behavior of the fast food chains?

A. Nutritionists are still strongly divided over whether a low carbohydrate diet or a low fat diet is better for helping people to lose weight.
B. Many items that are neither low fat nor low carbohydrate remain highly popular at the fast food chains that have begun to offer more healthful options.
C. Those who tend to be the most concerned about the harmful effects of fast food on Americans' health would be unlikely to eat at these chains even if the chains provided low fat and low carbohydrate menu options.
D. Fast food chains have found that they can charge significantly higher prices for menu offerings that are perceived to be healthful and nutritious.
E. Consumer pressure has led several fast food chains to eliminate "jumbo-sized" menu offerings because of the perception that these offerings promote poor health and obesity.

_________________
Md. Abdur Rakib

Please Press +1 Kudos,If it helps
Sentence Correction-Collection of Ron Purewal's "elliptical construction/analogies" for SC Challenges
Manager
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 96
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.7
Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products a  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2016, 14:10
2
1
Is the OA correct?

I thought it should be A. If fast food stores by offering low carbohydrate and low fat diet, that doesn't means that it is a healthy diet. Till we are not sure of whether low fat and low carbohydrate diets make a healthy diet, we can't say that fast foods are providing healthy food.

EDIT: After reading the question again, I feel that OA is correct. The questions asks us to undermine the reasoning given by the fast food and not check that whether reasoning is correct or not. The reasoning given is stated as that fast food chains want to show people that they are concerned about their healths. Option D states that its not health but money that chains are concerned about.

Nice question!

Posted from my mobile device
Board of Directors
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3625
Re: Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products a  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jul 2016, 00:19
1
AbdurRakib wrote:
Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products are contributing to a perceived obesity crisis by offering customers a wide assortment of new "low carbohydrate" and "low fat" menu offerings. Clearly, the reason for these menu changes is a desire on the part of these chains to prove that fast food does not necessarily have to be unhealthful junk food.

Which of the following most seriously undermines the explanation offered above for the behavior of the fast food chains?

A. Nutritionists are still strongly divided over whether a low carbohydrate diet or a low fat diet is better for helping people to lose weight.
B. Many items that are neither low fat nor low carbohydrate remain highly popular at the fast food chains that have begun to offer more healthful options.
C. Those who tend to be the most concerned about the harmful effects of fast food on Americans' health would be unlikely to eat at these chains even if the chains provided low fat and low carbohydrate menu options.
D. Fast food chains have found that they can charge significantly higher prices for menu offerings that are perceived to be healthful and nutritious.
E. Consumer pressure has led several fast food chains to eliminate "jumbo-sized" menu offerings because of the perception that these offerings promote poor health and obesity.

To weaken the explanation offered for the behavior of the fast food chains, we need to find something that provides another reason for making the change in the Menu.

D clearly states that they could charge more prices on the items marked as healthy, thereby could make more profits. hence D is the correct answer.
_________________
My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.
Director
Joined: 04 Jun 2016
Posts: 562
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products a  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 25 Jul 2016, 01:08

Explanation:-

Fast food restaurants have started selling low carb and low fat food.
Why? Because fast food restaurant want to let the customer know even though they are selling fast food, it is not unhealthy.

In other words we have to weaken this line:- "Fast food restaurant have added low carb and low fat because they want to sell healthy food"

A. Nutritionists are still strongly divided over whether a low carbohydrate diet or a low fat diet is better for helping people to lose weight.
WRONG:- If that was the case then restaurant need not to add low carb and low fat food because its benefit are not established.

B. Many items that are neither low fat nor low carbohydrate remain highly popular at the fast food chains that have begun to offer more healthful options.
WRONG:- This option tells us that people will be stupid. Even though healthy food is available these idiots will buy unhealthy food. Does not weaken restaurants claim. They are selling healthy food. They have kept their end of bargain. Now its for the customers to buy those healthy options.

C. Those who tend to be the most concerned about the harmful effects of fast food on Americans' health would be unlikely to eat at these chains even if the chains provided low fat and low carbohydrate menu options.
WRONG:- Well, This option says some people will not buy at all whether restaurants provide healthy or non healthy food. They are the demographic that the restaurant has no concern with. These people hate fast food restaurants and fast food can do nothing to lure them.

D. Fast food chains have found that they can charge significantly higher prices for menu offerings that are perceived to be healthful and nutritious.
CORRECT :- This gives an alternate reason why restaurants have added low carb and low fat options. Not because these restaurants care about peoples health but because such fancy low carb and low fat options are sold at a much higher price. HIGHER PRICE=HIGHER PROFIT. SO actually all this drama by the restaurants is for profit and not for peoples health.

E. Consumer pressure has led several fast food chains to eliminate "jumbo-sized" menu offerings because of the perception that these offerings promote poor health and obesity.
WRONG:- This may be or may not be a weakener because it requires a long jump of assumption that people asked to stop jumbo size food. then restaurants thought ohh. people like to be healthy and then restaurants add healthy options. THIS OPTION REQUIRES A UNNECESSARY ASSUMPTION.
IT is also wrong because it does not talk about the reason why can't the company just remove all jumbo food and continue with small portion of the same food. WHY DOES THE RESTAURANTS HAVE TO INTRODUCE SPECIAL FANCY LOW CARB AND LOW FAT FOOD.

AbdurRakib wrote:
Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products are contributing to a perceived obesity crisis by offering customers a wide assortment of new "low carbohydrate" and "low fat" menu offerings. Clearly, the reason for these menu changes is a desire on the part of these chains to prove that fast food does not necessarily have to be unhealthful junk food.

Which of the following most seriously undermines the explanation offered above for the behavior of the fast food chains?

A. Nutritionists are still strongly divided over whether a low carbohydrate diet or a low fat diet is better for helping people to lose weight.
B. Many items that are neither low fat nor low carbohydrate remain highly popular at the fast food chains that have begun to offer more healthful options.
C. Those who tend to be the most concerned about the harmful effects of fast food on Americans' health would be unlikely to eat at these chains even if the chains provided low fat and low carbohydrate menu options.
D. Fast food chains have found that they can charge significantly higher prices for menu offerings that are perceived to be healthful and nutritious.
E. Consumer pressure has led several fast food chains to eliminate "jumbo-sized" menu offerings because of the perception that these offerings promote poor health and obesity.

_________________
Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.

Originally posted by LogicGuru1 on 24 Jul 2016, 05:01.
Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 25 Jul 2016, 01:08, edited 1 time in total.
Intern
Joined: 04 May 2016
Posts: 6
Re: Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products a  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2016, 01:01
Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products are contributing to a perceived obesity crisis by offering customers a wide assortment of new "low carbohydrate" and "low fat" menu offerings. Clearly, the reason for these menu changes is a desire on the part of these chains to prove that fast food does not necessarily have to be unhealthful junk food.

Which of the following most seriously undermines the explanation offered above for the behavior of the fast food chains?

A. Nutritionists are still strongly divided over whether a low carbohydrate diet or a low fat diet is better for helping people to lose weight.
B. Many items that are neither low fat nor low carbohydrate remain highly popular at the fast food chains that have begun to offer more healthful options.
C. Those who tend to be the most concerned about the harmful effects of fast food on Americans' health would be unlikely to eat at these chains even if the chains provided low fat and low carbohydrate menu options.
D. Fast food chains have found that they can charge significantly higher prices for menu offerings that are perceived to be healthful and nutritious.
E. Consumer pressure has led several fast food chains to eliminate "jumbo-sized" menu offerings because of the perception that these offerings promote poor health and obesity.

The "explanation" mentioned in the question refers to the " desire on the part of these chains to prove that fast food does not necessarily have to be unhealthful junk food" , keyword being desire.

Option D debunks this by proving that the Fast Food companies did not make menu changes because they wanted to prove something, but because they could charge higher for the food. Therefore Option D is correct
Manager
Joined: 29 May 2016
Posts: 97
Re: Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products a  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jul 2016, 23:32
conclusion says the reason for menu change is the concerns on chains, the concern the chain wants to prove.
what is if some other reason is their to change menu.
D shows different motto to change.
Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 484
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GPA: 3.97
WE: Project Management (Investment Banking)
Re: Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products a  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2019, 05:05
kaplan official explanation:
Identify the Question Type

Since it asks to undermine an explanation, this is a Weaken question.

Untangle the Stimulus

The stimulus contains a causal argument: the desire to prove that fast food is not junk food caused the fast-food chains to introduce the low-fat and low-carb menu items. The author assumes that the fast-food restaurants changed their menus for this reason and no other.

Predict that the correct answer will present a different possible cause for the introduction of the new items.

(D) provides an alternative explanation: if the chains believe they can make more money on these new items, that may be reason enough to introduce them, regardless of any health claims.

(A) is incorrect; which of the two types of food is better for consumers is irrelevant to why the chains are offering the items in the first place.

(B) offers no alternative explanation, because the new items were not intended to replace other items completely, but merely to show that not all fast food is junk food.

(C) is irrelevant; people who will never eat at these chains regardless of what they offer are not the cause of any change in menu offerings.

(E) provides some evidence that chains have made other menu changes because of the perception of unhealthiness, so it certainly doesn't weaken the argument that this perception wasn't the reason for the new menu items.

TAKEAWAY: To weaken a causal argument, look for evidence of another cause.
Re: Some fast food chains have responded to concerns that their products a   [#permalink] 12 May 2019, 05:05
Display posts from previous: Sort by