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Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of

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Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Oct 2018, 05:23
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Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of the world as it is in those already sampled, our current estimate of reserves that exist underground must be multiplied by a factor of 10,000. From this we can conclude that we can meet the oil needs of the entire world for at least five centuries, even assuming that future consumption grows at an accelerating rate.

To reach the stated conclusion, the author must assume which of the following?

(A) It is possible to recover the oil contained in unexplored areas of the world
(B) The consumption rate for oil will not grow rapidly
(C) Oil will remain an important energy source for at least 500 years
(D) The world will achieve and maintain zero population growth
(E) New technology will make oil discovery and drilling more feasible than ever before

Originally posted by reply2spg on 17 Feb 2009, 19:03.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Oct 2018, 05:23, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2009, 19:43
1
Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of the world as it is in those already sampled, our current estimate of reserves that exist underground must be multiplied by a factor of 10,000. From this we can conclude that we can meet the oil needs of the entire world for at least five centuries, even assuming that future consumption grows at an accelerating rate.

To reach the stated conclusion, the author must assume which of the following?

A) It is possible to recover the oil contained in unexplored areas of the world
[Hold it]
B) The consumption rate for oil will not grow rapidly
[This is already taken into account . NEGATING it does not fail the conclusion]
C) Oil will remain an important energy source for at least 500 years
[Not possible, since if oil is not an energy source, conclusion is still valid]
D) The world will achieve and maintain zero population growth
[Out of scope- also even if future consumption grows its ok]
E) New technology will make oil discovery and drilling more feasible than ever before
[Out of scope]

Clear A.
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Re: Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2009, 22:29
1
reply2spg wrote:
Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of the world as it is in those already sampled, our current estimate of reserves that exist underground must be multiplied by a factor of 10,000. From this we can conclude that we can meet the oil needs of the entire world for at least five centuries, even assuming that future consumption grows at an accelerating rate.

To reach the stated conclusion, the author must assume which of the following?

A) It is possible to recover the oil contained in unexplored areas of the world
B) The consumption rate for oil will not grow rapidly
C) Oil will remain an important energy source for at least 500 years
D) The world will achieve and maintain zero population growth
E) New technology will make oil discovery and drilling more feasible than ever before

I got this question from other forum and everybody is debating on OA....I also feel OA is wrong...can we discuss this question here?
Appreciate your help (managerial talks :-D )


They key word here is "From this" we can conclude that we can meet the oil needs of the entire world for at least five centuries.

So the answer is A
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Re: Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2012, 22:27
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(A) It is possible to recover the oil contained in unexplored areas of the world
= >
oil is as common in unsampled areas of the world as it is in those already sampled

=> Oil needs to be recovered from these areas, hence A is correct

(B) The consumption rate for oil will not grow rapidly
=> It is stated in the prompt that consumption will increase rapidly but the oil can sustain this growth in consumption

(C) Oil will remain an important energy source for at least 500 years
= > Irrelevant, though I almost selected this answer

(D) The world will achieve and maintain zero population growth
=> Irrelevant Information

(E) New technology will make oil discovery and drilling more feasible than ever before
= > Irrelevant Information

I hope this helps :)
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Re: Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2012, 05:21
1
I also had to eliminat the others to come to A:

(A) It is possible to recover the oil contained in unexplored areas of the world
(B) The consumption rate for oil will not grow rapidly this has been stated
(C) Oil will remain an important energy source for at least 500 years this need not be true, it says at least 5 centuries

(D) The world will achieve and maintain zero population growth this is not needed as acceleration is mentioned already

(E) New technology will make oil discovery and drilling more feasible than ever before
we were never told drilling needs to be more feasible for achieving this
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Re: Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2017, 06:52
Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of the world as it is in those already sampled, our current estimate of reserves that exist underground must be multiplied by a factor of 10,000. From this we can conclude that we can meet the oil needs of the entire world for at least five centuries, even assuming that future consumption grows at an accelerating rate.

Type - assumption

(A) It is possible to recover the oil contained in unexplored areas of the world - Correct - If we negate this , then the argument falls apart .
(B) The consumption rate for oil will not grow rapidly - Incorrect - the argument already mentions this explicitly
(C) Oil will remain an important energy source for at least 500 years - Irrelevant
(D) The world will achieve and maintain zero population growth - Irrelevant
(E) New technology will make oil discovery and drilling more feasible than ever before - Out of scope - the argument does claim of about such new tech

Answer A
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Re: Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2019, 19:52
Here the premise is talking about the unsampled oil that is present in the unexplored areas of the world. The conclusion is talking about its usage for at least 5 centuries. therefore the assumption should be something that would fill this gap of the unexplored areas and the usage and so A is the correct answer .

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Re: Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2019, 01:58
Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of the world as it is in those already sampled, our current estimate of reserves that exist underground must be multiplied by a factor of 10,000. From this we can conclude that we can meet the oil needs of the entire world for at least five centuries, even assuming that future consumption grows at an accelerating rate.

The argument is that even we can meet the oil needs of the entire world for at least 500 years even when considering an accelerated consumption rate.

This is based on the geologists argument that oil is as common in unsampled areas as in sampled areas.

Assuming the same amount of oil exists in unsampled areas.

A is incorrect because if the oil isn't accessible then it can't be used as a supply at all. If it is accessible then sure, the argument holds.
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Re: Some geologists argue that if oil is as common in unsampled areas of   [#permalink] 07 Aug 2019, 01:58
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