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Some legislators refuse to commit public funds for new scientific rese

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Some legislators refuse to commit public funds for new scientific rese  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2018, 03:20
4
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:30) correct 28% (01:32) wrong based on 102 sessions

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Some legislators refuse to commit public funds for new scientific research if they cannot be assured that the research will contribute to the public welfare. Such a position ignores the lessons of experience. Many important contributions to the public welfare that resulted from scientific research were never predicted as potential outcomes of that research. Suppose that a scientist in the early twentieth century had applied for public funds to study molds: who would have predicted that such research would lead to the discovery of antibiotics—one of the greatest contributions ever made to the public welfare?

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main point of the argument?


(A) The committal of public funds for new scientific research will ensure that the public welfare will be enhanced.

(B) If it were possible to predict the general outcome of a new scientific research effort, then legislators would not refuse to commit public funds for that effort.

(C) Scientific discoveries that have contributed to the public welfare would have occurred sooner if public funds had been committed to the research that generated those discoveries.

(D) In order to ensure that scientific research is directed toward contributing to the public welfare, legislators must commit public funds to new scientific research.

(E) Lack of guarantees that new scientific research will contribute to the public welfare is not sufficient reason for legislators to refuse to commit public funds to new scientific research.


Source: LSAT
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Re: Some legislators refuse to commit public funds for new scientific rese  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2018, 09:10
urvashis09 wrote:
Some legislators refuse to commit public funds for new scientific research if they cannot be assured that the research will contribute to the public welfare. Such a position ignores the lessons of experience. Many important contributions to the public welfare that resulted from scientific research were never predicted as potential outcomes of that research. Suppose that a scientist in the early twentieth century had applied for public funds to study molds: who would have predicted that such research would lead to the discovery of antibiotics—one of the greatest contributions ever made to the public welfare?

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main point of the argument?

(A) The committal of public funds for new scientific research will ensure that the public welfare will be enhanced.
(B) If it were possible to predict the general outcome of a new scientific research effort, then legislators would not refuse to commit public funds for that effort.
(C) Scientific discoveries that have contributed to the public welfare would have occurred sooner if public funds had been committed to the research that generated those discoveries.
(D) In order to ensure that scientific research is directed toward contributing to the public welfare, legislators must commit public funds to new scientific research.
(E) Lack of guarantees that new scientific research will contribute to the public welfare is not sufficient reason for legislators to refuse to commit public funds to new scientific research.
Source: LSAT

The author counters the Legislators view by stating that since results of scientific research (Towards public welfare) cannot be predicted, the decision of not to commit Public Fund for Scientific Research is unjustified. Further, in support of his view, he has given the example of the discovery of antibiotics.

Thus the author's main point in the stimulus lies in the fact that Uncertainty of the results of scientific research should not be the only reason for denying public funds for scientific research (Which may contribute to Public welfare), Answer has to be (E)
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Re: Some legislators refuse to commit public funds for new scientific rese  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2018, 19:58
Same strategy for Strengthen question

1. Read whole passage - Understand logic and Conclusion
2. Most cases - Conclusion won't be there, Conclusion is strengthener - pre-think possible ways - 1 for strengthening logic and one for strengthening conclusion
3. Rule out options

Here no conclusion given in passage. In that case mostly answer would be something that summarizes and makes a conclusion

Lets pre-think now.

What is conclusion here ?

- Predicting result is not possible, so legislator should not issue funds on basis of outcome expected

What can strengthen logic here ?

- Some example or stats which would says many outcomes are far better than what initially thought or planned

Only E fits in
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Re: Some legislators refuse to commit public funds for new scientific rese  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2018, 21:18
1
urvashis09 wrote:
Some legislators refuse to commit public funds for new scientific research if they cannot be assured that the research
will contribute to the public welfare. Such a position ignores the lessons of experience. Many important
contributions to the public welfare that resulted from scientific research were never predicted as potential outcomes
of that research. Suppose that a scientist in the early twentieth century had applied for public funds to study molds:
who would have predicted that such research would lead to the discovery of antibiotics—one of the greatest
contributions ever made to the public welfare?

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main point of the argument?

(A) The committal of public funds for new scientific research will ensure that the public welfare will be enhanced.
(B) If it were possible to predict the general outcome of a new scientific research effort, then legislators would not
refuse to commit public funds for that effort.
(C) Scientific discoveries that have contributed to the public welfare would have occurred sooner if public funds
had been committed to the research that generated those discoveries.
(D) In order to ensure that scientific research is directed toward contributing to the public welfare, legislators must
commit public funds to new scientific research.
(E) Lack of guarantees that new scientific research will contribute to the public welfare is not sufficient reason for
legislators to refuse to commit public funds to new scientific research.


Source: LSAT





Please someone explain how is B wrong.
Re: Some legislators refuse to commit public funds for new scientific rese &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jul 2018, 21:18
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