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# The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-lat

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The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-lat  [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2019, 09:47
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (01:30) correct 26% (01:32) wrong based on 138 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 73: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-late 1930s due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging into another war.

A. due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging

B. due to World War I that has taken such a toll on the country that the government would desperately want to avoid being dragged

C. because World War I, which was taking such a toll on the country that the government desperately would want to avoid being dragged

D. because of World War I had taken such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging

E. because World War I took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid being dragged

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

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Re: The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-lat  [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2019, 12:35
2
[quote="aragonn"]

Project SC Butler: Day 73: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-late 1930s due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging into another war.

A. due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging

B. due to World War I that has taken such a toll on the country that the government would desperately want to avoid being dragged

C. because World War I, which was taking such a toll on the country that the government desperately would want to avoid being dragged

D. because of World War I had taken such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging

E. because World War I took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid being dragged

IMO E is correct because it corrects the "due to" error in the original sentence. A incorrectly makes it seem that the 1930s were due to WWI rather than the passing of the acts themselves. E corrects this error.

B: same "due to" error
C: Tense errors
D: Poor sentence construction
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19 Jan 2019, 01:22
1
Man, verbs are my weakness but I give it a try

A. due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging
We can exclude the two choices starting with due. If we substitute "due" with "caused by" we get:
"The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-late 1930s caused by World War I" and it is not correct because the Neutrality Acts were not caused by the World War I, but they were consequences of WWI, so because is the correct start. Honestly, I do not remember the theory about what exactly because and due can and cannot modify, but I'm pretty sure to be right ruling out these 2 options.

B. due to World War I that has taken such a toll on the country that the government would desperately want to avoid being dragged
Look up.

C. because World War I, which was taking such a toll on the country that the government desperately would want to avoid being dragged
Wrong, it talks about a treaty passed during the mid '30, so WWI was ended by years. "was taking" expresses contemporaneity, so it is surely wrong.

D. because of World War I had taken such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging
the construction "had taken" almost dragged me in a mistake. Yeah, there is a sequence of events, but IMO WWI is not correlated to the passaging of the Neutrality Acts; moreover, "wanted to avoid dragging" makes no sense: it should be "to avoid to be dragged"(but it is wordy) or "to avoid being dragged"

E. because World War I took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid being dragged
I'm not 100% sure on the point made in choice D about the uncorrelation of the two events, but I would choose this.

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The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-lat  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2019, 01:27
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The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-late 1930s due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging into another war.

A quick glance at the answer options shows that we need to decide between "Due to" and "Because of".
Here is a simple trick that I always use - Insert "caused by" in place of due to / because of and read the statement. If it makes sense, keep the "due to" structure. Else, use "because of"...
Clearly, "due to" doesn't fit this statement! (you will realize once you perform the quick check which is explained above )

Now we know that we have to use "because of". This eliminates options A and B.

A. due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging
--> Eliminated ["due to" issue as explained above]

B. due to World War I that has taken such a toll on the country that the government would desperately want to avoid being dragged
--> Eliminated ["due to" issue as explained above]

C. because World War I, which was taking such a toll on the country that the government desperately would want to avoid being dragged
--> ...congress passed the act because WW-I, which was taking a toll that govt. would want to avoid being dragged....
Here, 'which was taking' is unnecessarily trying to modify WW-I.. You can also see that this is a wordy answer option.
Also, if you notice the end, the sentence ends with "dragging". Ideally, the govt. wanted to avoid dragging itself into another war. But this part is not clear with option C.
Eliminate C

D. because of World War I had taken such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging
--> Again there is this "dragging" issue Not sure what the govt. is dragging here!
Eliminate D

E. because World War I took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid being dragged
--> govt. wanted to avoid being dragged into another war! Sounds good. Let's check again. Here is how I would do it :
The congress passed the act because the war took such a toll on the country that the govt desperately wanted to avoid being dragged into another.
Select E.

That's how I arrived at option E

Hope that helps
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Re: The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-lat  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2019, 09:13
1
The correct Option Must use Past tense to convey the toll country suffered from World war 1 (that already happened in past).

So ,Options B and C are eliminated.

Option D incorrectly uses term because of World war 1 had taken,instead it should have been because of World war 1 that had taken...

The correct usage must be- avoid being dragged not avoid dragging (present continues),so the option A is elimit and optionbE is correct.

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The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-lat  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2019, 09:58
1
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 73: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-late 1930s due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging into another war.

A. due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging

B. due to World War I that has taken such a toll on the country that the government would desperately want to avoid being dragged

C. because World War I, which was taking such a toll on the country that the government desperately would want to avoid being dragged

D. because of World War I had taken such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging

E. because World War I took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid being dragged

Since this an event which happened in the past, we wont be using the present continuous tense.
Eliminate A, C and D.

Remaining are B and E
B. due to World War I that has taken such a toll on the country that the government would desperately want to avoid being dragged
Now a rule was passed because of some reason, not due to the war.(removed this by this logic)

E. because World War I took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid being dragged
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Re: The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-lat  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2019, 20:37
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 73: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-late 1930s due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging into another war.

A. due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging

B. due to World War I that has taken such a toll on the country that the government would desperately want to avoid being dragged

C. because World War I, which was taking such a toll on the country that the government desperately would want to avoid being dragged

D. because of World War I had taken such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging

E. because World War I took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid being dragged

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:

The government wanted to avoid dragging who/what? (A) is eliminated.
(B) and C) are eliminated for not using past tense – has, would want.
(D) The construct of “because of” followed by “had taken” is grammatically incorrect.

This leaves us with (E) as the only possible answer.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

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Re: The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-lat  [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2019, 06:27
The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-late 1930s due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging into another war.

A. due to World War I, which took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging
Reasoning is for a verb(passed) but not for a noun. So, we Need because instead of due to

B. due to World War I that has taken such a toll on the country that the government would desperately want to avoid being dragged
Reasoning is for a verb(passed) but not for a noun. So, we Need because instead of due to

C. because World War I, which was taking such a toll on the country that the government desperately would want to avoid being dragged
Because takes clause but not just noun.

D. because of World War I had taken such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid dragging
Because of takes noun but not clause.

E. because World War I took such a toll on the country that the government desperately wanted to avoid being dragged
Because has clause in this option. So this one is correct.
Re: The American Congress passed the Neutrality Acts during the mid-to-lat   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2019, 06:27
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