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The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp

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The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 Oct 2017, 04:15
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The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surprisingly few of their skeletons show the usual evidence of this disease. The skeletons do show deposits of tetracycline, an antibiotic produced by a bacterium common in Nubian soil. This bacterium can flourish on the dried grain used for making two staples of the Nubian diet, beer and bread. Thus, tetracycline in their food probably explains the low incidence of typhus among ancient Nubians.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

(A) Infectious diseases other than typhus to which the ancient Nubians were exposed are unaffected by tetracycline.

(B) Tetracycline is not rendered ineffective as an antibiotic by exposure to the processes involved in making bread and beer.

(C) Typhus cannot be transmitted by ingesting bread or beer contaminated with the infectious agents of this disease.

(D) Bread and beer were the only items in the diet of the ancient Nubians which could have contained tetracycline.

(E) Typhus is generally fatal.

Similar question from GMATPrep: LINK

Originally posted by dvtohir on 25 Apr 2007, 09:28.
Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Oct 2017, 04:15, edited 5 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2007, 11:02
1
Ask yourself what is the argument.

Argument: typhus is not common to Nubians because tetracycline is:

is an antibiotic made from bacteria that is common in soil and on dried grain used for beer and bread
plus it's found on their skeletons

the only worthy assumption would be B because if it were not the case, then the argument would be weakened.
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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2007, 20:59
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Q30. The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surprisingly few of their skeletons show the usual evidence of this disease. The skeletons do show deposits of tetracycline, an antibiotic produced by a bacterium common in Nubian soil. This bacterium can flourish on the dried grain used for making two staples of the Nubian diet, beer and bread. Thus, tetracycline in their food probably explains the low incidence of typhus among ancient Nubians.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. Infectious diseases other than typhus to which the ancient Nubians were exposed are unaffected by tetracycline.
B. Tetracycline is not rendered ineffective as an antibiotic by exposure to the processes involved in making bread and beer.
C. Typhus cannot be transmitted by ingesting bread or beer contaminated with the infectious agents of this disease.
D. Bread and beer were the only items in the diet of the ancient Nubians which could have contained tetracycline.
E. Typhus is generally fatal.

Guys, both B and E are compelling. I'm leaning more towards E. If Typhus is not fatal, one might not expect to find traces of this disease in the skeletons. So, E is the main assumption on which this whole argument is based. B is the secondary assumption (B could be true only if E is true).

comments are welcome.
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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2007, 01:31
1
Its B.
Hi shoonya,the problem with E is that we are not concerned whether the typhus is fatal or not...the main point of the argument is why only a few evidence of this disease is found in the skeletons...its no where mentioned in the passage that typhus is fatal.
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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2007, 12:47
Q30. The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surprisingly few of their skeletons show the usual evidence of this disease. The skeletons do show deposits of tetracycline, an antibiotic produced by a bacterium common in Nubian soil. This bacterium can flourish on the dried grain used for making two staples of the Nubian diet, beer and bread. Thus, tetracycline in their food probably explains the low incidence of typhus among ancient Nubians.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. Infectious diseases other than typhus to which the ancient Nubians were exposed are unaffected by tetracycline.
B. Tetracycline is not rendered ineffective as an antibiotic by exposure to the processes involved in making bread and beer.
C. Typhus cannot be transmitted by ingesting bread or beer contaminated with the infectious agents of this disease.
D. Bread and beer were the only items in the diet of the ancient Nubians which could have contained tetracycline.
E. Typhus is generally fatal.

Vineet, you are right. E is nowhere mentioned in the passage. But, that's why we are looking for an assumption. The first line says

"The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surprisingly few of their skeletons show the usual evidence of this disease".

and the last one says

"Thus, tetracycline in their food probably explains the low incidence of typhus among ancient Nubians"

This clearly shows that the scientists assume that this disease was fatal, but still are surprised that only a few skeletons show the sign of the disease. They conclude that becuase pf tetracycline, only a few show signs of typhus. In other words, only a few contracted and died of typhus.
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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2007, 00:29
Hi shoonya...E is too extreme...we cant say that typhus is fatal and caused the death...may be the people died because of another disease and could have typhus also...but not to the degree of fatality...
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Re: Ancient Nubians inhabited an area - CR  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2010, 07:50
2
zz0vlb wrote:
The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus accurs, yet surprisingly few of their skeletons show the usual evidence of this disease. The skeletons do show deposits of tetracycline, an antibiotic produced by a bacterium common in Numbian soil. This bacterium can flourish on the dried grain used for making two staples of Nubian diet, beer and bread. Thus , tertacycline in their food propably explains the low incidence of typhus amoung ancient Numbians.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. Infectious diseases other than typhus to which the ancient Numbians were exposed are unaffected by tetracycline.>>> Out of scope >> Argument is talking about Typhus and tetracycline.
B. Tetracycline is not rendered ineffective as an antibiotic by exposure to the process involved in making bread and beer.>>> CORRECT >>> argument talks about "less amount of typhus" due to "presence of tetracycline "
C. Typhus cannot be transmitted by ingesting bread or beer contaminated with the infectious agents of this disease.>>> Even if the typhus is transmitted, this is no reason to find NO typhus on the skeleton..!!
D. Bread and beer were the only items in the diet of the ancients Numbians which could have contained tetracycline. >>> Even if there were more items, there is no effect on the argument which talks about "less amount of typhus" due to "presence of tetracycline "
E.Typhus is generally fatal. >>> Out of scope
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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2012, 00:26
dvtohir wrote:
Guys,
Q30. The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surprisingly few of their skeletons show the usual evidence of this disease. The skeletons do show deposits of tetracycline, an antibiotic produced by a bacterium common in Nubian soil. This bacterium can flourish on the dried grain used for making two staples of the Nubian diet, beer and bread. Thus, tetracycline in their food probably explains the low incidence of typhus among ancient Nubians.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?
A. Infectious diseases other than typhus to which the ancient Nubians were exposed are unaffected by tetracycline.
B. Tetracycline is not rendered ineffective as an antibiotic by exposure to the processes involved in making bread and beer.
C. Typhus cannot be transmitted by ingesting bread or beer contaminated with the infectious agents of this disease.
D. Bread and beer were the only items in the diet of the ancient Nubians which could have contained tetracycline.
E. Typhus is generally fatal.



premise : few of Nubian skeletons show the usual evidence of typhus disease despite living in an area where thyphus occur

premise : skeletons do show deposits of tetracycline, an antibiotic produced by a bacteria
premise : This bacterium can flourish on the dried grain used for making two staples of the Nubian diet, beer and bread.

conclusion : tetracycline in their food probably explains the low incidence of typhus.

A. Infectious diseases other than typhus to which the ancient Nubians were exposed are unaffected by tetracycline. OUT OF SCOPE we are only considered abt typhus
B. Tetracycline is not rendered ineffective as an antibiotic by exposure to the processes involved in making bread and beer. if we negate this statement then conclusion falls apart. If teracycline is rendered ineffective then it would not prevent Thyhus and it could be the reason for low incidence. IMO correct answer
C. Typhus cannot be transmitted by ingesting bread or beer contaminated with the infectious agents of this disease. We are dealing with tetracycline preventing thypus, thus transmission of thyhus is irrelevent.
D. Bread and beer were the only items in the diet of the ancient Nubians which could have contained tetracycline. if we negate this statement : bread and beer were not the only item which contained tetracycline. tihs dosnot undermine the conclusion that tetracycline prevented thypus
E. Typhus is generally fatal out of scope
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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2014, 06:05
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. Infectious diseases other than typhus to which the ancient Nubians were exposed are unaffected by tetracycline.

Wrong: Other diseases out of scope.

B. Tetracycline is not rendered ineffective as an antibiotic by exposure to the processes involved in making bread and beer.

Correct: Negating this kills the argument, because the negation shows that tetracycline could not be the reason fire the low incidence of typhus.

C. Typhus cannot be transmitted by ingesting bread or beer contaminated with the infectious agents of this disease.

Wrong (good trap):
Whether typhus could be transmitted does not affect whether tetracycline prevented incidences of typhus.

D. Bread and beer were the only items in the diet of the ancient Nubians which could have contained tetracycline.

Wrong (good trap):
How Nubians obtained tetracycline does not affect conclusion.

E. Typhus is generally fatal.

Wrong: Fatality of typhus does not affect conclusion.
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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2016, 07:16
B is correct.

A. Infectious diseases other than typhus to which the ancient Nubians were exposed are unaffected by tetracycline. --> we don't care; our concern is typhus here

B. Tetracycline is not rendered ineffective as an antibiotic by exposure to the processes involved in making bread and beer. -->BINGO!!!; if this is wasn't true, then antibiotic wouldn't have gotten in Nubians' diet and the claim becomes invalid

C. Typhus cannot be transmitted by ingesting bread or beer contaminated with the infectious agents of this disease. --> we're more concerned with antibiotic here than the nature of the disease itself

D. Bread and beer were the only items in the diet of the ancient Nubians which could have contained tetracycline. --> great! doesn't help us

E. Typhus is generally fatal. --> background fact
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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp  [#permalink]

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Re: The ancient Nubians inhabited an area in which typhus occurs, yet surp &nbs [#permalink] 29 Dec 2018, 07:56
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