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The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi

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The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2020, 01:03
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The average literate person today spends significantly less time reading than the average literate person did 50 years ago, yet many more books are sold per year now than were sold 50 years ago.

Each of the following, if true, help resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:


(A) The population of the literate people is significantly larger today that it was 50 years ago.

(B) People who read books 50 years ago were more likely to read books borrowed from libraries than are people who read books today.

(C) The average scholar or other person who uses books professionally today owns and consults many more different books than did the average scholar or similar professional 50 years ago.

(D) People of 50 years ago were more likely than people are today to display large collections of books as a sign of education and good taste.

(E) Books sold now tend to be shorter and easier to read that were books sold 50 years ago.

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Re: The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2020, 03:47
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A) resolves the paradox because it states that the population of the literate people is significantly larger today that it was 50 years ago. This statement, if true, helps resolve the apparent discrepancy.

B) resolves the paradox because it states that people who read books 50 years ago were more likely to read books borrowed from libraries than are people who read books today. This statement, if true, helps resolve the apparent discrepancy.

C) resolves the paradox because it states that the average scholar or other person who use books professionally, buy and consult more books than the same group of people 50 years ago. If true, it helps explain why the number of books sold now is so much higher.

D) is THE CORRECT ANSWER. It not only doesn't help solve the paradox, but also actually makes it worse. By turning books into an object of display, we ruin both halves of the paradox. First off, people 50 years ago wouldn't necessarily be reading the books (they might just be using them to show off), and they would also need lots of books in order to show off. So why are current day people reading less and buying more?

E) resolves the paradox because it states that books sold now tend to be shorter and easier to read that were books sold 50 years ago. This statement, if true, helps resolve the apparent discrepancy.

FINAL ANSWER IS (D)
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Re: The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2020, 07:03
Avg 50 years ago: x
Total literate person 50 years ago: n1
Avg now: y
Total literate person now: n2

Given: x > y & n1*x < n2*y

this is possible when n2 >> n1.

option A states this fact.

Ans: A
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Re: The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2020, 07:20
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The average literate person today spends significantly less time reading than the average literate person did 50 years ago, yet many more books are sold per year now than were sold 50 years ago.

Each of the following, if true, help resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:

(A) The population of the literate people is significantly larger today that it was 50 years ago. - WRONG. More people means more books required. Hence more sales of books.

(B) People who read books 50 years ago were more likely to read books borrowed from libraries than are people who read books today. - WRONG. Since people referred to libraries for reading books, less books were sold.

(C) The average scholar or other person who uses books professionally today owns and consults many more different books than did the average scholar or similar professional 50 years ago. - WRONG. More books required by professional to come to a conclusion signifies that sales would be more.

(D) People of 50 years ago were more likely than people are today to display large collections of books as a sign of education and good taste. - CORRECT. Displaying a large collections in earlier times does not answer why sales of books are more now.

(E) Books sold now tend to be shorter and easier to read that were books sold 50 years ago. - WRONG. Shorter books mean short time to read them and hence more books to reads that leads to increase in sales.

IMO Answer D.
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Re: The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2020, 11:47
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Quote:
The average literate person today spends significantly less time reading than the average literate person did 50 years ago, yet many more books are sold per year now than were sold 50 years ago.

Each of the following, if true, help resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:


(A) The population of the literate people is significantly larger today that it was 50 years ago.

(B) People who read books 50 years ago were more likely to read books borrowed from libraries than are people who read books today.

(C) The average scholar or other person who uses books professionally today owns and consults many more different books than did the average scholar or similar professional 50 years ago.

(D) People of 50 years ago were more likely than people are today to display large collections of books as a sign of education and good taste.

(E) Books sold now tend to be shorter and easier to read that were books sold 50 years ago.


ARGUMENT
[prem] today more books are sold than in the past;
[prem] but, today the average reading time is less than that in the past.

Ans (D) this doesnt help resolve, in fact, this further confuses the paradox.
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Re: The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2020, 19:58
We need to find an option which does not give the reason that why the average reading time is less and books sold more now

Each of the following, if true, help resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:

(A) The population of the literate people is significantly larger today that it was 50 years ago. - It gives a valid reason that population is large and hence, the average comes less.

(B) People who read books 50 years ago were more likely to read books borrowed from libraries than are people who read books today. - It gives the reason that books are sold more now and people read books from libraries.

(C) The average scholar or other person who uses books professionally today owns and consults many more different books than did the average scholar or similar professional 50 years ago. - It gives a reason that more books are sold now

(D) People of 50 years ago were more likely than people are today to display large collections of books as a sign of education and good taste. - This reason does not explain about the selling and average reading time.

(E) Books sold now tend to be shorter and easier to read that were books sold 50 years ago. - It gives the reason that why books are sold more.
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Re: The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2020, 22:23
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(D) People of 50 years ago were more likely than people are today to display large collections of books as a sign of education and good taste. Correct- If 50 year ago, people were more intended to display large collection book collections
then, books should have been sold more than present.

Answer: D
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Re: The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Feb 2020, 10:22
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D is the best answer.

Quote:
The average literate person today spends significantly less time reading than the average literate person did 50 years ago, yet many more books are sold per year now than were sold 50 years ago.

Each of the following, if true, help resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:


Premise 1: The average literate person today spends significantly less time reading that the average literate person did 50 years ago.
Premise 2/Discrepancy: Yet many more books are sold per year now than were sold 50 years ago.

So from premise 1, we know that the average literate person today spends significantly less time reading than the average literate person did 50 years ago. So one will expect that with that level of reading by literates 50 years ago, one woud expect more books to be sold 50 years ago compared to now, considering 50 years ago a literate reads more books on average than a literate today. So, we are to find the answer choice that does not resolve the discrepancy.

Quote:
(A) The population of the literate people is significantly larger today than it was 50 years ago.

Option A is basically saying that there are significantly more literates today than there were literates 50 years ago. This implies that if there were 100 literates 50 years ago and each read 200 books, per year on average, then they would have read 20,000 books per year. So if each person bought their book, then 20,000 books would be sold per year 50 years ago. On the other hand if there are 1,000 literates today and each read 50 books per year on average and all of these books are bought, then 50,000 books would have been sold now. This is based on the assumption that the readers take equal amount of time to read each book. In that case, A resolves the apparent discrepancy.

Quote:
(B) People who read books 50 years ago were more likely to read books borrowed from libraries than are people who read books today.

This option resolves the discrepancy. How? Lets say there were 100 literates 50 years ago and each of these 100 literates read 200 books per year. But 60 out of 100 borrowed their books from libraries. This means only 40 purchased books, implying 8000 books were purchased per year 50 years ago. How about we assume there are the same number of literates today as there were 50 years ago and only 10 borrowed books from libraries and 90 purchase books. Let's say each literate today reads 180 books per year. Then the books read by the 90 literates today who purchase published books will be 16,200 books and this is more than books purchased 50 years ago. Hence the discrepancy is resolved.

Quote:
(C) The average scholar or other person who uses books professionally today owns and consults many more different books than did the average scholar or similar professional 50 years ago.

This option also resolves the apparent discrepancy. Let's assume that there are 100 scholars today and there were 100 scholars 50 years ago, and the scholars 50 years ago read for 4,000 hours on average per year while the average scholar today reads 2000 hours per year. Lets assume it takes 2 hours to read a book per scholar. But the ratio of books today scholar reads to the books the scholar 50 years ago read is 5:1 and each of these books would have to published and sold for the demand. Then the demand of books for the 100 scholars today is 5*100*2000/2 = 500,000 books have to be sold per year today to meet the demands of today's scholar. On the other hand, a scholar 50 years ago would demand 100*4000/2 = 200,000 books per year. Hence this option resolves the discrepancy.

Quote:
(D) People of 50 years ago were more likely than people are today to display large collections of books as a sign of education and good taste.

This does not resolve the discrepancy. Assume there are the same number of scholars today as there were 50 years ago. Since people 50 years ago read more than people do today, and people 50 years ago are more likely to display large collection of books, then it means people 50 years ago have more books than people today do. Hence this does not explain the discrepancy. This is the right answer.

Quote:
(E) Books sold now tend to be shorter and easier to read that were books sold 50 years ago.

With the same number of literates today as there were 50 years ago, it is more likely that literates today will read a larger number of books than literates 50 years ago do, even though literates 50 years ago read for longer hours than literates today. Hence This option also resolves the apparent discrepancy.
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Re: The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2020, 15:27
Bunuel wrote:

Competition Mode Question



The average literate person today spends significantly less time reading than the average literate person did 50 years ago, yet many more books are sold per year now than were sold 50 years ago.

Each of the following, if true, help resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:


(A) The population of the literate people is significantly larger today that it was 50 years ago.

(B) People who read books 50 years ago were more likely to read books borrowed from libraries than are people who read books today.

(C) The average scholar or other person who uses books professionally today owns and consults many more different books than did the average scholar or similar professional 50 years ago.

(D) People of 50 years ago were more likely than people are today to display large collections of books as a sign of education and good taste.

(E) Books sold now tend to be shorter and easier to read that were books sold 50 years ago.


(A) The population of the literate people is significantly larger today that it was 50 years ago.
So the much greater number of books today may be simply due to the much larger population of literate people today: much more literate people, much more books sold. Eliminate (A).

(B) People who read books 50 years ago were more likely to read books borrowed from libraries than are people who read books today.
So people who read books 50 years ago could still read more than do people who read books today although there were many fewer books because they were more likely to BORROW books from libraries to read than are people who read books today. Eliminate (B).

(C) The average scholar or other person who uses books professionally today OWNS and consults many more different books than did the average scholar or similar professional 50 years ago.
So the greater number of books OWNED by the scholars and professionals, a subset of the readers, today may account for the greater number of books SOLD today than 50 years ago: today people spend much less time reading but there are many more books today because the scholars and professionals own/buy more books than do those of 50 years ago . Eliminate (C).

(D) People of 50 years ago were more likely than people are today to display large collections of books as a sign of education and good taste.
If so, the number of books of 50 years ago SHOULD have been greater than that of today. (D) does not explain the discrepancy but in fact makes the discrepancy more serious. Keep (D).

(E) Books sold now tend to be shorter and easier to read than were books sold 50 years ago.
If so, it would help explain the discrepancy. Today people spend less time reading because books are easier to read, and the VOLUME of reading today may be not greater than that 50 years ago because these books, though greater in number, are shorter in length. Eliminate (E).

Hence, (D) is the correct answer.
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Re: The average literate person today spends significantly less time readi   [#permalink] 18 Mar 2020, 15:27
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