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# The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years

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Intern
Joined: 08 Dec 2008
Posts: 4
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2008, 01:12
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The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

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Intern
Joined: 08 Dec 2008
Posts: 4
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2008, 01:32
Here's the OG explantion to this question:

The best choice, A, offers an adjective phraseunequivocally modifying policy and exhibiting grammatical parallelism (decreasing... and improving). In choice B, the gerund the decreasing is not grammatically parallel with the infinitive to improve. Likewise, in C and D, the decreasing of... costs is not parallel with improving the efficiency. In E, the infinitives to decrease and to improve, while parallel, are less idiomatic than the prepositional phrase of decreasing... and improving in modifying the noun aim. Also, with the aim... improve can easily be construed as referring to the Baldrick Manufacturing Company and so does not refer unequivocally to policy.

I have a question about this explantion. OG says "with the aim... improve can easily be construed as referring to the Baldrick Manufacturing Company and so does not refer unequivocally to policy" but I think it is exactly referring to "the company". The latter part of the sentence is " the efficiency of its distribution system." , if we choose A, then the choice is modifying "policy", but obviously its refers to “the company" rather than "policy". So I think E is the better choice.

Plus, "aim to" and "aim at" are both suitable here. This is the explantion from Longman:
(aim)
*to try or intend to achieve something
1.aim to do sth
We aim to finish by Friday.
2.(be) aimed at doing sth
an initiative aimed at reducing road accidents
*to choose the place, person etc that you want to hit or reach and point a weapon or another object towards them
Denver aimed his gun but did not shoot.
aim at/for
The pilot was aiming for the runway but came down in a nearby field.

Can someone please explain why A not E? Thank you.
Intern
Joined: 11 Dec 2008
Posts: 22
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2008, 06:58
johnbelieve wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

A should be the answer. Right idiom here is 'aim at'. After 'at', we need to have "~ing" form. A has it and also has a parallel structure (i.e. improving).
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Posts: 1759
Location: New York
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2008, 11:03
johnbelieve wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

For me A and E looks are gramatically correct.

A is concise.

Will go for A.
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Posts: 2452
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2008, 11:34
johnbelieve wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Obviously A. for correct idiom and llism.
Normally AC with "with...........", for ex. in E, is not correct.
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Location: New York
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2008, 11:51
GMAT TIGER wrote:
johnbelieve wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Obviously A. for correct idiom and llism.
Normally AC with "with...........", for ex. in E, is not correct.

GMAT tiger,

I didn't get why E is wrong. Can you explain with details?

see below newspaper link. looks like "with aim to" is also correct usage.
http://thestamfordtimes.com/story/461198

Let me know if I miss anything.
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Intern
Joined: 08 Dec 2008
Posts: 4
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2008, 17:22
Well, my question is if the answer is A, then "... followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system." the red part modifies "policy" and thus, "the efficiency of its distribution system" refers to the distribution system of "the policy".

But by choosing E, we can avoid this problem because "with the aim to" should modify the company and "its" should refer to "the company's".
Manager
Joined: 26 Nov 2008
Posts: 69
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2008, 19:31
johnbelieve wrote:
Well, my question is if the answer is A, then "... followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system." the red part modifies "policy" and thus, "the efficiency of its distribution system" refers to the distribution system of "the policy".

But by choosing E, we can avoid this problem because "with the aim to" should modify the company and "its" should refer to "the company's".

well,

"with the aim to " is not idiomatic

It must be "with the aim of +..ing" form

secondly, Its clearly refers to company..

In GMAT, OG makes the rule and we have to just adhere to the rules.

Hope this solves your doubt.

Also, as mentioned in my other post, E is wordy for second "to" may not be repeated
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Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1823
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2008, 20:53
johnbelieve wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

E. "its" in "its distribution system" refers to "policy" rather than to "company": awkard
A. "its" clearly refers to "company"
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Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2008, 08:27
x2suresh wrote:
GMAT TIGER wrote:
johnbelieve wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Obviously A. for correct idiom and llism.
Normally AC with "with...........", for ex. in E, is not correct.

GMAT tiger,

I didn't get why E is wrong. Can you explain with details?

see below newspaper link. looks like "with aim to" is also correct usage.
http://thestamfordtimes.com/story/461198

Let me know if I miss anything.

I agree with that "with......" is used in Newspaper but GMAT usage of english grammer is different from that. We might see somewhere that "hopefully" is aslo used but thats not correct in gmat english.

Further, I also saw at least one GMAT SC question (do not remember exactly which one) in which "with......" (I guess all 5 ACs have "with...........") is used and given as OA but in general an AC with "with....." is not correct in GMAT SC.

Its my opinion and somebody has also mentioned in his/her note.

In most of the cases, I try to avoide ACs that have "with..........".
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Manager
Joined: 08 Dec 2006
Posts: 76
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
Schools: Harvard Business School (HBS) - Class of 2014
GPA: 3.64
WE: Engineering (Aerospace and Defense)
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2008, 11:28
IMO opinion, A is correct becuz as we can see when you say "policy aimed", it makes sure that aimed is refering to POLICY and not anything else.
I was stumbled, when I read E cuz it was definitely fixing the parallelism issue but i felt it was wordy and it doesn't provide enough stress on POLICY and doesn't sound right.

IMO A
Intern
Joined: 08 Dec 2008
Posts: 4
Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2008, 17:52
OK, thanks everybody. Really appreciate your help. I think I'll just remember this rule~

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Re: SC. aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2008, 17:52
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# The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years

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