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The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a

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New post 22 Mar 2012, 09:45
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 212
Page: 686

The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving

(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve

(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving

(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving

(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2012, 06:23
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shikhar wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Why is E wrong ?????


Hi Shikhar,

There are two different idioms wit “aim” - “aim to do” and “with the aim of doing”. Let’s see their usage in simple sentences:

a. Joe aims to finish his book by the end of this month.
b. Joe is writing the book with the aim of finishing it by the end of this month.

Choice E uses the idiom “with the aim to decrease…”. This is not an idiomatic expression. This makes choice E incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2012, 22:50
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'Aimed at' and 'with the aim of' are used in different context.
E.g.
Shikar aimed at scoring a 760 in the GMAT. (you aim at something)
Shikar studied hard for the GMAT with the aim of getting into a top B-school. (you did something with the aim of getting something else)

You get the difference?
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2012, 23:13
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(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving

directly modifies policy --> hence correct.

(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

it modifies company, but here we need a modifier modifying the policy- hence incorrect
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2012, 04:24
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving- correct
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve- incorrect
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving- incorrect
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving-incorrect
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve-incorrect
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2012, 13:12
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kraizada84 wrote:
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving

directly modifies policy --> hence correct.

(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

it modifies company, but here we need a modifier modifying the policy- hence incorrect



I don't agree with your explanation behind rejecting E. In E, 'with' modifies 'policy only... not company.
For following reasons , why E is rejected :

1> A doesn't have any problem in it
2> E seems to have redundancy.
-U try to remove 'with the aim' from this option (policy to decrease operating costs and to improve) and option still conveys clear meaning.
This is because 'use of aim' actually to depict the purpose of subject and at many occasions, 'to+verb' is also used to play the same role.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2012, 19:59
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving - the most concise one
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve - wrong parallelism
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving - looks tempting, but wrong parallelism
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving - wordy, wrong parallelism
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve - a policy was meant to aim at its purpose. 'With' usage sounds like the company followed a policy AND its aim separately. Policy and Aim should go together.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2012, 21:05
shikhar wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Why is E wrong ?????


i pick A here, B is out for parallelism. D and E are out for unidiomatic expression. C is a bit tricky in my point of view. the policy is object of the sentence so verb-ed is to be used to modify the policy. please correct me if my thought process is wrong

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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2012, 03:11
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IMO A... Simple idiom issue... "Aim to" is correct...
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2012, 08:46
IMO A it is...the correct use of idiom makes it perfect.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2012, 22:38
1
shikhar wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Why is E wrong ?????


I followed below approach:

[s]The Baldrick Manufacturing[/s] Company has [s]for
several years[/s] followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency [s]of its
distribution system.[/s]

All strike through are prepositional middleman which are acting like big adjectives.

Company has followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency.

First check is "and" so both side of "and" should be parallel so option B is incorrect because it contains "decreasing" and "to improve".

D looks wordy and more of that if policy is being modified by "the aim of which...." then modifier generally starts with preposition, pariciple or which/that or in other cases at least with comma.

E is wrong because of idiom. "with the aim of v+ing"

Now the real fight is between C and A.
Past participle represents "completed action" (please note I didn't mention past) and present participle represent "on going or presently available action".
Here policy should be modifies by past participle because when policy was implemented/followed then aim/result of policy was already known. Infact in order to acheive that aim , company has followed particular policy.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2013, 01:06
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Can someone help explain why "aimed at" is used here instead of "aiming at"? Agree that "aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system" definitely modifies the preceding N "policy". In other words, it should read:

The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy which aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

and should be re-written as:

The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aiming at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

Wonder if I miss some point here.
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New post 27 Jun 2013, 08:31
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Hi Kimberly - No it's correct as it is.

To think about it logically - the policy was devised once, and that policy was (past tense) aimed at something.

They continue to use the policy, but it was created in the past and still points in the same direction.

Hope that makes sense.

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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2013, 13:35
the Simplest solution is:

Decreasing || improving is intended. Now both are adjectives. the moment an adj is followed by an article it becomes a NOUN. leaves us with correct answer choice A
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2015, 06:02
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Aim to vs Aim at Vs with Aim of

Aim to (idiom)
Meaning - Try or intend to do something.
e.g : We aim to please our customers, or She aims to fly to California.
Correct usage: aim to + verb


With the Aim Of:
b. Joe is writing the book with the aim of finishing it by the end of this month.
Note:With the aim to is unidiomatic


Aim at (idiom)
Meaning - Direct a missile or criticism at something or someone; to plan, intend or to have as one's purpose
e.g: In his last speech the President took aim at the opposition leader.
He aims at finishing tomorrow.
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2015, 03:17
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JarvisR wrote:
Aim to vs Aim at Vs with Aim of

Aim to (idiom)
Meaning - Try or intend to do something.
e.g : We aim to please our customers, or She aims to fly to California.
Correct usage: aim to + verb


With the Aim Of:
b. Joe is writing the book with the aim of finishing it by the end of this month.
Note:With the aim to is unidiomatic


Aim at (idiom)
Meaning - Direct a missile or criticism at something or someone; to plan, intend or to have as one's purpose
e.g: In his last speech the President took aim at the opposition leader.
He aims at finishing tomorrow.



great posting,

the matter is why E is wrong
one error is "with the aim of" is not idiomatic. but this error is hard to remember

second point, I think the main point is

with the aim of decreasing the costs, the company has followed a policy.

the meaning relation between "aim of decreasing cost" and "has followed" is not close

in choice A,
the company has followed a policy aimed at decreasing costs

the meaning relation between "aimed at" and policy is very close. This is correct.

gmat prefer the choice having close meaning relation between phrases

pls, discuss this point, a hard point and important point. I see there are many situations in og and gmatprep questions
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2017, 16:57
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The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

Issues: Conjunction | Parallelism

Analysis:
1. The sentence talks about a policy that the company has followed and that policy has two aims
2. "aimed at" is the idiomatic way to conjugate the aims of policy to the main sentence.


(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving

(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
- Parallelism issue

(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving

- incorrect usage of "verb-ing" modifier
- Alters the meaning of the sentence; suggest that operating costs were already decreasing and efficiency was already improving


(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
- The clause is missing a conjunction
- "the decreasing" is incorrect as the sentence is not talking about any particular decrease in cost


(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve
- "with the aim" is unidiomatic

Answer: (A)
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2017, 07:30
Parallelism is at issue.
A is parallel
Decreasing is parallel to improving
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 19:18
If we compare last words of answer choices vertically, we have ‘and’. ‘And’ demands parallelism.
In B, ‘to improve’ is not parallel to ‘the decreasing’. Eliminate B.
In C, ‘the decreasing of operating costs’ is not parallel to ‘improving the efficiency..’. Eliminate.
In D, ‘improving’ is not parallel to ‘which is the decreasing..’…Eliminate.
In E, ‘with the aim to’ is incorrect. We can use ‘with the aim of doing something’ …Eliminate.

Hence, A is the correct answer
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Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2018, 01:45
egmat wrote:
shikhar wrote:
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Why is E wrong ?????


Hi Shikhar,

There are two different idioms wit “aim” - “aim to do” and “with the aim of doing”. Let’s see their usage in simple sentences:

a. Joe aims to finish his book by the end of this month.
b. Joe is writing the book with the aim of finishing it by the end of this month.

Choice E uses the idiom “with the aim to decrease…”. This is not an idiomatic expression. This makes choice E incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha,
Great helpful.

I have one more question,
1/
what's the difference between "aim at doing" and "aim to do"?
2/
"aim" in A is verb - ed , as a modifier, why not aiming ?

I encounter one OG problem,
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.
(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

like "law requiring", why not "policy aiming"?

Thanks a lot

have a nice day
Re: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a &nbs [#permalink] 03 Feb 2018, 01:45

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