GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Jun 2019, 18:12

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 11 May 2010
Posts: 147
The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 12 Sep 2018, 04:35
4
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (01:31) correct 26% (01:47) wrong based on 746 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.


(A) The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.

(B) The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs, has been discovered in Madagascar.

(C) In Madagascar, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered.

(D) A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex, bearing a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs is Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur, the bones of which have been discovered in Madagascar.

(E) A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembling South American predatory dinosaurs, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, have been discovered in Madagascar.

SPOILER BELOW:

Can someone explain to me why in A

that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles

I thought that after AND you also need THAT for parallelism.

Originally posted by gautrang on 09 Oct 2010, 20:43.
Last edited by Bunuel on 12 Sep 2018, 04:35, edited 3 times in total.
Formatted & moved the comments under spoiler
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4771
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2010, 22:47
4
2
If this question appears in GMAT, then I will simply accept the official answer A and be done, for GMAT is the big boss; but, beyond GMAT, I will simply dump it, for each and every choice can be criticized for some reason or other.

A. The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.

Unparallel because a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative has to be followed by that closely resembles

B. The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs, has been discovered in Madagascar.

S-V agreement problem - The bones --- has been discovered

C. In Madagascar, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered.

Unparallel—distantly related is a participle while closely resembled is simple past; closely resembling, a present participle is the correct diction.

D. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex, bearing a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs is Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur, the bones of which have been discovered in Madagascar

First thing, it misses a conjunction and between Tyrannosaurus rex---- bearing a close …… These two species are different from each other and a conjunction is a must to conjoin them.

Secondly is it South American predatory dinosaurs or South American predatory dinosaur? If it is a typo, let us ignore it.

In addition and more importantly, how wordy and convoluted the sentence is!

E. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembling South American predatory dinosaurs, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, have been discovered in Madagascar.

Misplaced modifier. The participial phrase a distant …….. South American predatory dinosaurs wrongly modifies the bones rather than modifying the dinosaur


What then is the right answer?
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 04 Dec 2011
Posts: 17
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GMAT 2: 750 Q50 V41
CAT Tests
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 04 Apr 2014, 12:20
1
The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been
discovered in Madagascar.

(A) The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been
discovered in Madagascar.

(B) The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs, has been discovered in Madagascar.

(C) In Madagascar, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered.

(D) A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex, bearing a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs is Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur, the bones of which have been discovered in Madagascar.

(E) A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembling South American predatory dinosaurs, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, have been discovered in Madagascar.

Hi Team,
Please help me to understand how to decipher two multiple commas in a sentence.
If you see in the option B.
I understand that if in a sentence a phrase or clause with in ( , ,) acts a modifier or gives extra information.
But in option B and C there are multiple.

Can any one help me in this with some more example and how to solve these type of question.

Originally posted by sanjeebpanda on 04 Apr 2014, 05:11.
Last edited by carcass on 04 Apr 2014, 12:20, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the title and formatted the question
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 24 Mar 2010
Posts: 76
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 11 Aug 2014, 09:51
3
1
PiyushK wrote:
NEW PROJECT!: Back to basic => Give your explanation- Get Kudos Point for best explanation


The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.

A. The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.
B. The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs, has been discovered in Madagascar.
C. In Madagascar, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered.
D. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex, bearing a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs is Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur, the bones of which have been discovered in Madagascar.
E. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembling South American predatory dinosaurs, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, have been discovered in Madagascar.


Sentence meaning:
This sentence talks about the Majungatholus:
- It's a meat-eating dinosaur that is distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs.
- Its bones have been discovered in Madagascar (Main idea).

Error analysis:
- correct S-V agreement: The bones.... have been discovered ..
- correct tense of verb "have been discovered"
- noun modifier "a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs" correctly refers to "the Majungatholus"
--> Nothing wrong with the original sentence

Answer choice:
A. Correct
B. Incorrect S-V agreement: The bones.... has been discovered .. Incorrect
C. The use of "The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur" and the non-restrict modifier "Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs" change the meaning of the original sentence. Original sentence talks about specific "Majungatholus atopus", which is a type of meat-eating dinosaurs (among many other meat-eating dinosaurs). However this choice implies that bones of a general meat-eating dinosaur (any type, not the specific Majungatholus atopus) have been discovered. Remember, the modifier can be omitted in this choice because it's non-restrict. When it's omitted, the intended meaning changes. Incorrect
D. 1. "bearing a close resemblance.." incorrectly refers to "Tyrannosaurus rex"; 2. Run-on sentence; 3. "which" is ambiguous Incorrect
E. 1. Unparalleled structure of the modifier: A distant relative (Noun) of..... and closely resembling (verb).....; 2. Modifier refers to "the bones" - the bones are distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resemble South American predatory dinosaurs?? -awkward; 3. again use of "the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur" and non-restrict modifier "Majungatholus atopus" changes the intended meaning. Incorrect

Hope it helps.
_________________
Start to fall in love with GMAT <3

Originally posted by LucyDang on 11 Aug 2014, 09:45.
Last edited by LucyDang on 11 Aug 2014, 09:51, edited 2 times in total.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Jul 2012
Posts: 98
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Aug 2014, 09:49
2
The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.

the bones have been discovered
a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs: noun+noun modifier
this sentence is a correct construction.. there is no need to repeat "that" after and.

A. The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.

B. The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs, has been discovered in Madagascar.
llism error
the name of the dinosaur is sandwiched and hence, it is non essential modifier. w/o it the sentence does not convey the intended meaning.
the bones has been discovered! S-V error

C. In Madagascar, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered.
placing modifiers one after another makes the meaning unclear.
in the case that the placement of modifier was ok, the resembled should be changes to resembling.

D. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex, bearing a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs is Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur, the bones of which have been discovered in Madagascar.
changes the intended meaning
it seems that "a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex" is modifying "bearing a close resemblance"
again it has modifier error bcz of placing modifiers one after another

E. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembling South American predatory dinosaurs, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, have been discovered in Madagascar.
llism error; a noun cannot be parallel with a simple gerund.
modifier error:the opening modifier in fact modify the bones.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 25 Apr 2012
Posts: 668
Location: India
GPA: 3.21
WE: Business Development (Other)
Reviews Badge
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Aug 2014, 10:13
1
PiyushK wrote:
NEW PROJECT!: Back to basic => Give your explanation- Get Kudos Point for best explanation


The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.

A. The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.
B. The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs, has been discovered in Madagascar.
C. In Madagascar, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered.
D. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex, bearing a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs is Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur, the bones of which have been discovered in Madagascar.
E. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembling South American predatory dinosaurs, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, have been discovered in Madagascar.



Sentence Meaning: The bones of meat eating dinosaur MA have been discovered in Madagascar...Dinosaur MA is a relative of TR and resebles SA predatory dinosaur..

Subject of the sentence The bones of MA....and is plural so any singular verbs will be ruled out...Option B out

"a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs" is a Noun Modifier and is modifying MA correctly in option A

In Option C..."distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs" is in past tense and seems to indicate that the dinosaurs are no longer related or resemble SA predatory dinosaur...Since we are stating something which is true even today and hence option C is ruled out

In Option E,the sentence means distant relative of TR is the bones of meat eating dinosaur which does not make sense...

In option D The construction " the bones of which have been discovered " is awkward...more over

Ans is A
_________________

“If you can't fly then run, if you can't run then walk, if you can't walk then crawl, but whatever you do you have to keep moving forward.”
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 03 Jul 2012
Posts: 99
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GPA: 3.9
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Aug 2014, 12:09
PiyushK wrote:
NEW PROJECT!: Back to basic => Give your explanation- Get Kudos Point for best explanation


The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.

A. The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.
B. The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs, has been discovered in Madagascar.
C. In Madagascar, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered.
D. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex, bearing a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs is Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur, the bones of which have been discovered in Madagascar.
E. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembling South American predatory dinosaurs, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, have been discovered in Madagascar.



Isn't A wrong because of the missing "that" before closely?? There are two clauses that modify "a meat-eating dinosaur ": "that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex" and "that closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs". The "that" here is a must. So, I discarded it. Your thoughts on the same??
VP
VP
User avatar
P
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1343
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Aug 2014, 10:29
3
mehulsayani wrote:
Isn't A wrong because of the missing "that" before closely?? There are two clauses that modify "a meat-eating dinosaur ": "that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex" and "that closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs". The "that" here is a must. So, I discarded it. Your thoughts on the same??

Indeed Mehul, there are quite a few official examples, where that is repeated, but this just seems to be a preference of GMAT (especially when the second clause is quite far from the first), and not a rule.

For example, following would be correct:

Teacher suggested that Jack work hard and show the results.

What is not needed is:

Teacher suggested that Jack work hard and that Jack show the results.

Let's see some official examples where that is repeated:

#47, OG-13:
In 1713, Alexander Pope began his translation of the Illiad, a work that took him seven years to complete and that literary critic Samuel Johnson, Pope’s contemporary, pronounced the greatest translation in any language.

#97, OG-13:
Some anthropologists believe that the genetic homogeneity evident in the world's people is the result of a population bottleneck-that at some time in the past our ancestors suffered an event that greatly reduced their numbers and thus our genetic variation.

#3, Verbal Supplement:
However much United States voters may agree that there is a waste in government and that the government as a whole spends beyond its means, it is difficult to find broad support for a movement towards a minimal state.

On the other hand, there are instances when that has not been repeated (for example, in the sentence under consideration)

#15, Verbal Supplement:
It is well known in the supermarket industry that how items are placed on shelves and how frequently the inventory turns over can be crucial to profits.

In fact, there is an interesting sentence in OG Verbal review (#35), where the repetition of that creates an illogical meaning:

The rise in the Commerce Department's index of leading economic indicators suggest that the economy should continue its expansion into the coming months, but that the mixed performance of the index's individual components indicates that economic growth will proceed at a more moderate pace than in the first quarter of this year.

This seems to suggest that the rise in the Commerce Department's index of leading economic indicators suggests two things:
i) the economy should continue its expansion into the coming months
ii) the mixed performance of the index's individual components indicates that economic growth will proceed at a more moderate pace than in the first quarter of this year

Rise in the Commerce Department's index of leading economic indicators cannot clearly indicate anything about index's individual components. So, the correct answer in this question drops the that after but.
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com
Director
Director
avatar
G
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 737
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Sep 2018, 03:19
[quote="gautrang"]The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.


(A) The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.

(B) The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs, has been discovered in Madagascar.

(C) In Madagascar, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered.

(D) A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex, bearing a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs is Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur, the bones of which have been discovered in Madagascar.

(E) A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembling South American predatory dinosaurs, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, have been discovered in Madagascar.

look at choice D
D suffer a terrible logic error.
a relative of Tyran is Majugatho. this is not logic. any relative can be Majugatho.
Majugatho is a relative of Tyran. this is logic.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Apr 2015
Posts: 36
Location: Singapore
GMAT 1: 550 Q42 V24
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37
GPA: 3.66
WE: Social Work (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2019, 03:29
daagh wrote:
If this question appears in GMAT, then I will simply accept the official answer A and be done, for GMAT is the big boss; but, beyond GMAT, I will simply dump it, for each and every choice can be criticized for some reason or other.

A. The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembles South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered in Madagascar.

Unparallel because a meat-eating dinosaur that is a distant relative has to be followed by that closely resembles

B. The bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, a distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and with a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs, has been discovered in Madagascar.

S-V agreement problem - The bones --- has been discovered

C. In Madagascar, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, distantly related to Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembled South American predatory dinosaurs, have been discovered.

Unparallel—distantly related is a participle while closely resembled is simple past; closely resembling, a present participle is the correct diction.

D. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex, bearing a close resemblance to South American predatory dinosaurs is Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur, the bones of which have been discovered in Madagascar

First thing, it misses a conjunction and between Tyrannosaurus rex---- bearing a close …… These two species are different from each other and a conjunction is a must to conjoin them.

Secondly is it South American predatory dinosaurs or South American predatory dinosaur? If it is a typo, let us ignore it.

In addition and more importantly, how wordy and convoluted the sentence is!

E. A distant relative of Tyrannosaurus rex and closely resembling South American predatory dinosaurs, the bones of a meat-eating dinosaur, Majungatholus atopus, have been discovered in Madagascar.

Misplaced modifier. The participial phrase a distant …….. South American predatory dinosaurs wrongly modifies the bones rather than modifying the dinosaur


What then is the right answer?


A big high five! I figured some sort of reasoning or grammar error in every answer choice! But I didn't get the idea of selecting the answer choice of whatever GMAT gave in A. Instead, I chose the best one, B, among all the 5 erroneous choices. But what would you suggest? Should one select the given answer choice as it is, if a question similar to this were given on GMAT?
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Jan 2017
Posts: 57
CAT Tests
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jun 2019, 02:01
egmat

Request you to kindly help me why C is wrong . I thought for A that is should be parallel with a statement starting with that is
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di   [#permalink] 13 Jun 2019, 02:01
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The bones of Majungatholus atopus, a meat-eating dinosaur that is a di

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne