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The boys spent the entire night lost in the forest , therefore they

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Manager
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New post 31 Dec 2014, 13:50
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96% (00:34) correct 4% (00:26) wrong based on 249 sessions

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From the GMAT Club Grammar book:

21. The boys spent the entire night lost in the forest, therefore they were not only cold and
tired but too they were hungry
.
a) they were not only cold and tired but too they were hungry
b) they had not only cold and tired but also much hunger
c) they were not only cold and tired but also hungry
d) because they had been cold and tired, they also had hungry
e) they were cold and tired in the event that they were hungry too

"Therefore" is an adverb, so there is no conjunction between the two clauses (i.e. a Run-On problem) in the correct answer. Therefore, why is the official answer correct?


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Re: The boys spent the entire night lost in the forest , therefore they  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2014, 17:39
Words such as - however, therefore,moreover,etc are known as adverbial conjunctions or conjunctive adverbs.
They can be used to join a Main clause (independent clause) with a Subordinate clause (dependent clause). Such as the case in this sentence.
In the past there has been a debate about the use of such adverbial conjunctions with few grammatical purist saying that coordinating conjunctions such as 'so' should be used to join two clauses instead. But GMAT ( sentences in OG) allows the use of therefore, however etc. Hence it is the OA.

Hope this helps.

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Re: The boys spent the entire night lost in the forest , therefore they  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2014, 21:36
Quote:
dentobizz wrote: Words such as - however, therefore,moreover,etc are known as adverbial conjunctions or conjunctive adverbs.
They can be used to join a Main clause (independent clause) with a Subordinate clause (dependent clause). Such as the case in this sentence.


this would be a biggest mistake!! . what u have said is true for "british" english; however, for "american" english it is outright wrong.

Quote:
But GMAT ( sentences in OG) allows the use of therefore, however etc.


i would like to see if u can cite some OG SC. please note that i am specifically talking about OG SC and not sentences from OG CR or OG reading comprehensions



The original poster: your doubts are genuine. in fact this question is flawed and by standards of american english and of GMAC, this question should be ignored !!
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New post 01 Jan 2015, 07:56
Thanks both for the reply. However, I am still not sure who is right. I was looking in the Magoosh material, and what I saw was the following:
Subordinative clauses can be introduced by relative pronouns and relative adverbs. However, the relative adverbs that it list are: where, when, why, wherever and whenever. Magoosh doesn't list "therefore" as a relative adverb. I did a double check in the oxford dictionary, and there too I saw that "therefore" is not a relative adverb.

So I keep my question, is this answer correct? "therefore" doesn't seem to be a relative adverb, so it should not introduce a full sentence.
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New post 01 Jan 2015, 08:10
Just to complete my observation. I found that conjunctive adverbs (e.g. therefore, however) are used to show relationship between two independent clauses, and not to introduce a subordinative clause. I cannot post the source (I am not allowed to post URLs yet), but it is from the yourdictionary website.
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New post 19 Jul 2018, 17:08
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: The boys spent the entire night lost in the forest , therefore they &nbs [#permalink] 19 Jul 2018, 17:08
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