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# The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4472
Re: The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 10:37
Chef wrote:
Hi Mike,

In your second example of the explanation - I just read a good book which the doctor recommended.
Is the second part a essential clause?
I think it doesn't require a comma before which. Is that right? Or can it be both in this sentence?

Also - in the correct answer for this question, would the answer still be right without "in which"?

Thanks

Dear Chef,

I'm happy to respond.

Here's the example sentence again.
I just read a good book, which the doctor recommended.
The way in which this sentence is phrased, the clause is presented as a non-vital modifier. Perhaps this would be in a context in which the identity of the book will be supplied otherwise, and the mention of the doctor's recommendation is just a detail. This would be an example of a sentence that is part of longer conversation or flow of information---like most sentence at loose in the real world, but unlike the GMAT SC sentences that are presented in a bizarre clinical isolation. This sentence, while 100% grammatically correct, would not be an appropriate as a GMAT SC sentence.

If we wanted to show that the clause is a vital noun-modifier, we would use "that" rather than "which" and we would drop the comma. For the majority of the time, particularly on the GMAT SC, the word "which" and the presence of the comma go together, signifying a non-vital clause; likewise, the word "that" and the absence of the comma go together, signifying a vital clause.

Choice (E) would be awkward if we simply omitted "in which." As it stands, choice (E) is particularly sophisticated and elegant.

Does all this make sense?
Mo2men wrote:
Dear Mike,

Excellent question that stimulates my thinking

I have questions about choices D & E

Choice D

1- Is 'where' correctly used? my analysis is that it is correct because we talk about physical location so no problem. Am I right?

2- Is the phrase 'revolutionary potential innovations' correct or has problems? I think it is in for of [Adjective] + [Adjective] + [Noun], if correct, do I need 'comma' or 'and' between the adjectives?

Choice E

1- As I know 'in which should be followed by clause. Is there some ellipses? I understand the choice as follows:

'in which [the team can use] to conduct research into potentially revolutionary innovations'

Is my analysis correct?

Dear Mo2men,

My intelligent friend, how are you? I'm happy to respond.

In Choice (D):
1) the use of "where" is technically correct, as it refers to a physical place; unfortunately, this structure prevents the direct use of the the infinitive of purpose. As a consequence, this version is somewhat more tongue-tied and punchless
2) the hypothetical progressive verb "would be conducting" adds to the wordy and sparkless feel of this choice.
3) On the phrase "revolutionary potential innovations"--first of all, on the level of grammar, this is fine. In English, we often have two adjectives in a row, without a comma and certainly without the word "and."
the big red dog
the hard grueling test
a warm delicious meal

We certainly can toss in a comma or even the word "and" for emphasis (e.g. "a clear and present danger"), but this is not necessary.
The problem with the phrase is at the level of logic. What is a "potential innovation"? An innovation is something new that makes a difference, so what is something new before it exists? It's unclear whether this has any coherent meaning, and certainly it has a very different meaning from the corresponding phrase in the prompt. This changes the meaning.
There are multiple reasons to reject (D).

In Choice (E):
Yes, there is an ellipsis. You are perfectly correct. Probably the shortest and most elegant ellipsis would be as follows:
The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar research facility, with cutting-edge technology, in which it is to conduct research into potentially revolutionary innovations.
Many other ellipses would be possible as well, such as the one you suggested.
rekhabishop wrote:
I got it wrong. Clicked D.

Could you please explain the concept. I actually had no logical approach.

Dear rekhabishop,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, with all due respect, what you have asked is not an excellent question. It's not an excellent question when your posture is "I understand nothing. The expert needs to tell me everything." The presupposition of such a question is that education something that experts and teachers do to you, and you are just the passive recipient of it. In fact, you are 100% responsible for your learning process. Education is something you do to yourself, by yourself, for yourself, and we experts only can support you in this process. Asking excellent questions is one of the habits of excellence. Here's a blog that discusses it more:
Both Chef and Mo2men asked high quality questions here. I will ask you to read that blog, and then I will challenge you to write the highest quality question you can about this SC problem, and I will be happy to answer it.

Does all this makes sense?
Mike
_________________
Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
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Joined: 09 Aug 2017
Posts: 500
Re: The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2018, 18:26
Hello Mvictor!

I appreciate your profound explanation but I have a doubt here.
What I understood from facility is that facility is physical location or institution and we use "where" as a relative pronoun for physical location, not 'which'.
That's why I crossed off the option E.
Could you help me to clear this doubt?

mvictor wrote:
The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar research facility, with cutting-edge technology, that they can research potentially revolutionary innovations in.

let's understand the meaning:
CEO gave his R&D Team a research facility
This facility is with cutting-edge technology
this facility can be used to conduct research into potentially revolutionary innovations.

(A) that they can research potentially revolutionary innovations in
remove "with cutting...", and you'll see why A is not correct. Research facility that they can research.. This is somehow awkward. I believe to make this option choice correct, that should be replaced with where. Moreover, "they" doesn't have an antecedent.

(B) for conducting research about revolutionarily potential innovations
research about revolutionarily potential innovations. No. This changes the meaning of the sentence.

(C) that can be the place for them to research potentially revolutionary innovations
"them" doesn't have an antecedent. It refers to the team, but the team is Singular. Moreover, it is wordy.

(D) where it would be conducting research into revolutionary potential innovations
revolutionary potential innovations - changes meaning. "would be" again changes meaning. We are certain that the team will conduct researches.

(E) in which to conduct research into potentially revolutionary innovations
looks good. In which technically refers to the facility. Facility in which to conduct research - sounds way better than original sentence.

E for me.
Intern
Joined: 20 Jun 2018
Posts: 46
Re: The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2018, 22:17
Is "research into" a correct idiom?
Manager
Joined: 23 Aug 2017
Posts: 117
Re: The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar  [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2018, 03:10
mikemcgarry Is [i]research into[/i] correct idiomatically? which one is ore preferable 'research into' or 'research on'
Manager
Joined: 16 Sep 2018
Posts: 83
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V40
Re: The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2019, 03:41
A – incorrect as it use the plural ‘they’ for the singular ‘team’
B – ‘revolutionary potential’ does not mean the same thing as ‘potentially revolutionary’ this changes the meaning of the sentence and is very awkward.
C – again a plural pronoun ‘them’ is used for a singular noun ‘team’
D – same as B

Thus, E must be the correct answer
Intern
Joined: 20 Mar 2019
Posts: 15
Re: The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2019, 11:32
The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar research facility, with cutting-edge technology, that they can research potentially revolutionary innovations in.

(A) that they can research potentially revolutionary innovations in - “they” has no antecedent
(B) for conducting research about revolutionarily potential innovations - should be potentially revolutionary
(C) that can be the place for them to research potentially revolutionary innovations - “they” has no antecedent
(D) where it would be conducting research into revolutionary potential innovations - should be potentially revolutionary
(E) in which to conduct research into potentially revolutionary innovations - correct
Intern
Joined: 02 Feb 2018
Posts: 31
Re: The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2019, 08:23
Hi Mikemcgarry,

I have one question can the verb "research" be followed by preposition (into/on/ about). I have found one official guide question here is the link--
https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-professor- ... 22418.html
The explanation in OG 2019 is that "The verb research requires a direct object, not a preposition followed by its object "
On this basis option c is eliminated
(C) into James Baldwin's books written while in France

Using the same rule i directly eliminated option E.
Please shed some light on this.

Priyanka
Re: The CEO of Laminar Flow gave his R & D team a new \$300 million dollar   [#permalink] 16 Sep 2019, 08:23

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