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Re: The cities of Oldtown and Spoonville are the same in area and size of [#permalink]
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I will go with "E" rest don't seem to make much sense, unless I misunderstood "A"

E is the only that talks about the living conditions disparity, rest we know that population and area size is same. Two cities with same population and size can have different living conditions.
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Re: The cities of Oldtown and Spoonville are the same in area and size of [#permalink]
Isn't (E) strengthener? Saying that both cities are similar?
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Re: The cities of Oldtown and Spoonville are the same in area and size of [#permalink]
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lakshya14 wrote:
Isn't (E) strengthener? Saying that both cities are similar?


Hi Lakshya

Option (E) in fact provides a possible point of difference between the two cities. It states that the argument "fails to take into account that having identical overall population density is consistent with great disparity in living conditions".

In other words, it states that despite the fact that Oldtown and Spoonville have the same population densities ("same in area and size of population"), they may have great disparity in living conditions. Since the health problems mentioned are dependent on crowded living conditions, such disparity may mean that the problems widespread in Oldtown may not be widespread in Spoonville, as concluded in the argument.

Hope this helps.
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Re: The cities of Oldtown and Spoonville are the same in area and size of [#permalink]
The cities of Oldtown and Spoonville are the same in area and size of population. Since certain health problems that are caused by crowded living conditions are widespread in Oldtown, such problems must be as widespread in Spoonville.

The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument


(A) presupposes without warrant that the health problems that are widespread in any particular city cannot be caused by the living conditions in that city X
This is simply not true at all. The author says the opposite...

(B) fails to distinguish between the size of the total population of a city and the size of the geographic region covered by that city X
-no...the author did not fail to distinguish this

(C) fails to indicate whether average life expectancy is lowered as a result of living in crowded conditions X
-no...the author did not do this...LE is also irrelevant

(D) fails to distinguish between those health problems that are easily treatable and those are not X
-again, no.

(E) fails to take into account that having identical overall population density is consistent with great disparity in living conditions
CORRECT. The key here is "consistent with great disparity in living conditions", i.e. two populations can have the same population density yet vastly different living conditions. So while Oldtown may have crappy conditions, that doesn't imply that Spoonville does too.
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Re: The cities of Oldtown and Spoonville are the same in area and size of [#permalink]
Cx – S have health condition
Px - O have health condition due to crowded l.c; same size and population
Ax – S=O and no other factor can contribute this
A’’ – They are not same; other factor also there; S might not be correct representative


(A) presupposes without warrant that the health problems that are widespread in any particular city cannot be caused by the living conditions in that city – Questioning the premises, hence out of scope

(B) fails to distinguish between the size of the total population of a city and the size of the geographic region covered by that city - Questioning the premises, hence out of scope

(C) fails to indicate whether average life expectancy is lowered as a result of living in crowded conditions – Out of scope, as in question nothing is mentioned regarding life expectancy

(D) fails to distinguish between those health problems that are easily treatable and those are not – Out of scope, as nothing mentioned in argument

(E) fails to take into account that having identical overall population density is consistent with great disparity in living conditions - weaken the argument
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Re: The cities of Oldtown and Spoonville are the same in area and size of [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
The cities of Oldtown and Spoonville are the same in area and size of population. Since certain health problems that are caused by crowded living conditions are widespread in Oldtown, such problems must be as widespread in Spoonville.

The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument


(A) presupposes without warrant that the health problems that are widespread in any particular city cannot be caused by the living conditions in that city

(B) fails to distinguish between the size of the total population of a city and the size of the geographic region covered by that city

(C) fails to indicate whether average life expectancy is lowered as a result of living in crowded conditions

(D) fails to distinguish between those health problems that are easily treatable and those are not

(E) fails to take into account that having identical overall population density is consistent with great disparity in living conditions


Oldtown and Spoonville are same in terms of Area and Population.
A health problem of crowded Population is there in Oldtown -----> Same problem must exist in Spoonville (Conclusion)


(A) Will keep it for now.
(B) geographic region covered - Out of scope and irrelevant.
(C) average life expectancy - Out of scope
(D) distinguish between health problems that are treatable and not - Out of scope and irrelevant
(E) Will keep for now.

Between (E) and (A)

If (A) living condition is not the issue then what can be then issue, (E) on the other hand bridges that gap...
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Re: The cities of Oldtown and Spoonville are the same in area and size of [#permalink]
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