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The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op

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The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 16 Nov 2018, 08:14
1
9
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (01:43) correct 27% (01:36) wrong based on 564 sessions

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The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression.


A) that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression

B) which establish operations abroad successfully protect intellectual property consistently, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers aggressively

C) that establish successful operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, lobby tirelessly government officials, and empower aggressive local management

D) that successfully establish operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, tirelessly lobby government officials, and aggressively empower local managers

E) of which operations abroad are successfully established protect their intellectual property consistently, lobby tirelessly government officials, and aggressively empower local management


Please explain your choice in detail...Why is A wrong???

Also, in choice D : consistently protect their intellectual property is this in order of Adverb, verb , adjective , noun???

Originally posted by siddhans on 23 Jun 2011, 14:37.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Nov 2018, 08:14, edited 4 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2011, 15:01
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parallelism

c and e are out at first.
Among a, b and d - successfully is adverb and has to be placed correctly ; it modifies establish, hence D is correct.


a)that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression - parallel but 'establish successfully operation abroad' sounds awkward - still park it.

b)which establish operations abroad successfully protect intellectual property consistently, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers aggressively - parallel but 'establish operations abroad successfully' sounds awkward - still park it.

c)that establish successful operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, lobby tirelessly government officials, and empower aggressive local management - consistently protect, lobby and empower are not parallel

d)that successfully establish operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, tirelessly lobby government officials, and aggressively empower local managers - consistently, tirelessly and aggressively seems parallel; successfully is correctly used

e)of which operations abroad are successfully established protect their intellectual property consistently, lobby tirelessly government officials, and aggressively empower local management - protect, lobby and aggressively empower not parallel
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2011, 04:16
consistently protect .. timelessly lobby ... aggressively empower

it almost rhymes. D all the way.
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2011, 11:22
siddhans wrote:
Please explain your choice in detail...Why is A wrong???

Also, in choice D : consistently protect their intellectual property is this in order of Adverb, verb , adjective , noun???

The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression.


a)that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression


b)which establish operations abroad successfully protect intellectual property consistently, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers aggressively

c)that establish successful operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, lobby tirelessly government officials, and empower aggressive local management

d)that successfully establish operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, tirelessly lobby government officials, and aggressively empower local managers

e)of which operations abroad are successfully established protect their intellectual property consistently, lobby tirelessly government officials, and aggressively empower local management


The word successfully is not placed correctly. so A is wrong.
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2011, 19:09
C,B and E is not parrallel
A, although parrallel but it does not follow the VAN pattern (see on CR Bible, which said that GMAT prefer adj, adv to Noun)

D is the best answer
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2011, 05:26
siddhans wrote:
Please explain your choice in detail...Why is A wrong???

Also, in choice D : consistently protect their intellectual property is this in order of Adverb, verb , adjective , noun???

The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression.


a)that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression


b)which establish operations abroad successfully protect intellectual property consistently, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers aggressively

c)that establish successful operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, lobby tirelessly government officials, and empower aggressive local management

d)that successfully establish operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, tirelessly lobby government officials, and aggressively empower local managers

e)of which operations abroad are successfully established protect their intellectual property consistently, lobby tirelessly government officials, and aggressively empower local management


I'm sucked in this differences with adv. placement in this question! A. "with consistency" should be replaced by "consistently", so do other two. B has the same problem. C-"consistently" is used to modify "protect", wrong. E-"of which" is wrong.
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2011, 06:29
siddhans wrote:
Please explain your choice in detail...Why is A wrong???

Also, in choice D : consistently protect their intellectual property is this in order of Adverb, verb , adjective , noun???

The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression.

a)that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression
'successfully operations' is awkward
b)which establish operations abroad successfully protect intellectual property consistently, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers aggressively
'which' is used for non-essential modifiers and is irrelevant in this context
c)that establish successful operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, lobby tirelessly government officials, and empower aggressive local management
'consistently...lobby..empower' ||ism issue
d)that successfully establish operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, tirelessly lobby government officials, and aggressively empower local managers
Parallel and clear
e)of which operations abroad are successfully established protect their intellectual property consistently, lobby tirelessly government officials, and aggressively empower local management
'which' is used for non-essential modifiers and is irrelevant in this context


Ans - 'D'
Timing - 1.48 Mins

Adverbs modify adjectives or verbs and adjectives modify Nouns or Pronouns. In 'A' Successfully (Adverb) modifies Operations (Noun) that is incorrect.
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2015, 21:04
Request you to not to post answers/queries/views in question window. This prevents us to analyze the question. The whole purpose of GMAT Club forums is wasted doing so. You have response windows to do all such things.
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2016, 12:58
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siddhans wrote:
Please explain your choice in detail...Why is A wrong???

Also, in choice D : consistently protect their intellectual property is this in order of Adverb, verb , adjective , noun???

The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression.

A) that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression

B) which establish operations abroad successfully protect intellectual property consistently, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers aggressively

C) that establish successful operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, lobby tirelessly government officials, and empower aggressive local management

D) that successfully establish operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, tirelessly lobby government officials, and aggressively empower local managers

E) of which operations abroad are successfully established protect their intellectual property consistently, lobby tirelessly government officials, and aggressively empower local management

I'm happy to respond. :-)

This is a brilliant MGMAT question. It has a sophisticated nested structure and determining the correct answer depends not only on grammar but also on rhetoric.

(B) is wrong, because of using "which" rather than "that."
(C) changes the meaning: "empower aggressive local management"
(E) is entirely wrong with the "of which" opening

The real choice is between (A) & (D). Both are 100% grammatically correct. The split is about rhetorical values. You see, parallelism of three verbs does not require that all the adverbs be used in the same way, but at times, that structure is rhetorically effective. This parallelism in (D) is quite effective rhetorically:
//consistently protect their intellectual property,
//tirelessly lobby government officials,
and
//aggressively empower local managers

This is direct and persuasive. This drives it meaning home with great effect.

By contrast, (A) is clunky and clumsy: "protect with consistency their intellectual property, . Using three parallel "with" prepositions in the place of adverbs is indirect, punchless, mealy-mouthed writing. Choice (A) should be taken out back and shot. This is a horrible answer, despite the fact that it is 100% grammatically correct.

This is a split very much like what official questions often have: the SC question has two answer choices, both of which are grammatically correct, but one is flawless and the other is a rhetorical trainwreck. The GMAT loves to snag people who pay attention only to grammar. MGMAT has crafted an excellent question here.

Let me know if anyone has any questions.

Mike :-)
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2016, 13:15
'That' is preferred to 'which' because companies with limited characteristics are mentioned here (restrictive structure).
B) and E) out.

Adverb vs adjective - You may have noticed the term 'logical prediction' in GMAT OG. Here it should be used.
......that successfully established…… - is the correct use of adverb "success'.
A), C) out.

D) has correct parallel structure, correct use of adverb & adjectives, and logical prediction.

Your doubt about A), it has adverbial error, parallelism error and logical prediction error.

Hope this helps :)
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The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2018, 06:19
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Apart from the above errors.

Here is an important takeaway.
An adjective cannot modify another adjective.Only an adverb can modify an adjective or it modifies
a verb but not noun etc >>>>The seeming swift mouse ran .(WRONG).The seemingly swift mouse(RIGHT)


So,

establish successfully operations(adverb modifying Noun)

correct form would be

successfully establish operations(adverb modifying Verb--fine)

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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2019, 05:42
The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression.

A) that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression - 'establish successfully' is incorrect - successfully establish is correct ; parallelism is better in D

B) which establish operations abroad successfully protect intellectual property consistently, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers aggressively - which needs to preceded by a comma; modifier issue with successfully; parallelism is not as good as in D

C) that establish successful operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, lobby tirelessly government officials, and empower aggressive local management- modifier issue- successful operations is incorrect; successfully should modify establish ; parallelism is not as good as in D

D) that successfully establish operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, tirelessly lobby government officials, and aggressively empower local managers - Correct

E) of which operations abroad are successfully established protect their intellectual property consistently, lobby tirelessly government officials, and aggressively empower local management - of which is incorrect


Answer D
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2019, 07:30
mikemcgarry wrote:
siddhans wrote:
Please explain your choice in detail...Why is A wrong???

Also, in choice D : consistently protect their intellectual property is this in order of Adverb, verb , adjective , noun???

The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression.

A) that establish successfully operations abroad protect with consistency their intellectual property, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers with aggression

B) which establish operations abroad successfully protect intellectual property consistently, lobby government officials without tiring, and empower local managers aggressively

C) that establish successful operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, lobby tirelessly government officials, and empower aggressive local management

D) that successfully establish operations abroad consistently protect their intellectual property, tirelessly lobby government officials, and aggressively empower local managers

E) of which operations abroad are successfully established protect their intellectual property consistently, lobby tirelessly government officials, and aggressively empower local management

I'm happy to respond. :-)

This is a brilliant MGMAT question. It has a sophisticated nested structure and determining the correct answer depends not only on grammar but also on rhetoric.

(B) is wrong, because of using "which" rather than "that."
(C) changes the meaning: "empower aggressive local management"
(E) is entirely wrong with the "of which" opening

The real choice is between (A) & (D). Both are 100% grammatically correct. The split is about rhetorical values. You see, parallelism of three verbs does not require that all the adverbs be used in the same way, but at times, that structure is rhetorically effective. This parallelism in (D) is quite effective rhetorically:
//consistently protect their intellectual property,
//tirelessly lobby government officials,
and
//aggressively empower local managers

This is direct and persuasive. This drives it meaning home with great effect.

By contrast, (A) is clunky and clumsy: "protect with consistency their intellectual property, . Using three parallel "with" prepositions in the place of adverbs is indirect, punchless, mealy-mouthed writing. Choice (A) should be taken out back and shot. This is a horrible answer, despite the fact that it is 100% grammatically correct.

This is a split very much like what official questions often have: the SC question has two answer choices, both of which are grammatically correct, but one is flawless and the other is a rhetorical trainwreck. The GMAT loves to snag people who pay attention only to grammar. MGMAT has crafted an excellent question here.

Let me know if anyone has any questions.

Mike :-)


Hey Mike! Thank you for the great reply. Mike I am really struggling with questions that test the concept of style/structure etc, like the question above. How can I improve on this, please guide.

Writing to you in anticipation
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2019, 22:33
The three listed behaviors of companies that successfully establish operations abroad are logically parallel; therefore, they should be structurally parallel. In the original sentence, the first activity “protect with consistency their intellectual property” is not structured in parallel fashion to the second and third activities. Also, the phrase
empower local managers with aggression” suggests that the local managers are being given the quality of aggression, which is not contextually appropriate; “aggression” is better applied to the act of empowering the managers, not to the managers themselves.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This choice incorrectly uses the relative pronoun "which." "Which" should be used for noun modifiers, whereas here "which" is incorrectly used to introduce a set of clauses that are integral to the sentence. Also, the second activity “lobby government officials without tiring” is not structured in parallel fashion to the first and third
activities.
(C) This sentence fails to follow an appropriate parallel structure as it lists the three activities of companies that are successful abroad. Also, the phrase “empower aggressive local managers” suggests that the local managers are aggressive which is not contextually appropriate; “aggressive” is better applied to the act of empowering
the managers, not to the managers themselves.
(D) CORRECT. The three logically parallel activities in this sentence are structurally similar and the sentence is clear and concise.
(E) This choice incorrectly begins with the phrase "of which", which suggests that the operations of the company may be established abroad by a third party other than the company itself. Also, the three logically parallel activities are not structured in parallel fashion.
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Re: The consultant explained that companies that establish successfully op   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2019, 22:33
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