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# The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated, the

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Intern
Joined: 02 Feb 2013
Posts: 19
Schools: Ross '17
The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated, the  [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2015, 07:09
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (00:46) correct 24% (00:41) wrong based on 130 sessions

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The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated, the accident would not have occurred.

a) The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated

b) The courts ruled that had there being safety protocols initiated

c) The courts rule that had there been safety protocols initiated

d) The courts ruled that had there been safety protocols initiated

e) The courts ruled that have there been safety protocols initiated

This question is from GMAT club Ultimate GMAT Grammar book.
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4472
Re: The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated, the  [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2015, 16:12
2
1
papahiroshi wrote:
The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated, the accident would not have occurred.

a) The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated
b) The courts ruled that had there being safety protocols initiated
c) The courts rule that had there been safety protocols initiated
d) The courts ruled that had there been safety protocols initiated
e) The courts ruled that have there been safety protocols initiated

This question is from GMAT club Ultimate GMAT Grammar book.

Dear papahiroshi,
I'm happy to respond. I know this is from that Ult. Grammar book, but this is really not a very high quality question. It is not very GMAT like.

The only tricky thing about it is the sophisticated construction in the OA. This is a sophisticated way to write conditions.
Ordinary conditionals:
1) If safety protocols were initiated, the accident would not have occurred.
2) If the student studied, he would have had passed the test.
3) If Carthage had won the Second Punic War, the Roman Empire never would have grown so large.
Notice this are all conditionals that are contrary-to-fact about some past event. For this kind of condition, we can re-write it in a more sophisticated form, with the auxiliary verb "had" at the beginning instead of "if." The verb in the first part is modified to follow the "had." The second half of the conditional, the "would" clause, remains unchanged.
1) Had safety protocols been initiated, the accident would not have occurred. = sophisticated
1a) Had there been safety protocols initiated, the accident would not have occurred. = a bit awkward
2) Had the student studied, he would have passed the test.
3) Had Carthage won the Second Punic War, the Roman Empire never would have grown so large

In the OA, this question attempts a sophisticated structure, but phrases it in a less than optimal way. This really isn't a very good SC question.

Mike
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
Intern
Joined: 02 Feb 2013
Posts: 19
Schools: Ross '17
Re: The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated, the  [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2015, 18:05
Hi Mike,

Thanks! It's crystal clear now.
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 5930
Re: The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated, the  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2018, 07:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The courts ruled that have there being safety protocols initiated, the   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2018, 07:18
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