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The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000

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Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 22:50
sadikabid27 wrote:
Dear sayantanc2k I did not understand the passage at all. Could you please help me understand the passage and the answers?


I can try :)

The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Oldest Mayan pottery is 3000 years old.
Recently some agricultural related stuff have been found in Colha. These stuffs are 4500 year old. These stuff resemble like Mayan Stone( which was found later period).
Also design of those agricultural stuff is different from designs of other cultural people. Therefore author says, Mayan people lived 4500 years ago.
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Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 08:18
ykaiim wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: CR 182
Page: 548

The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Ceramic ware is not known to have been used by the Mayan people to make agricultural implements.

(B) Carbon-dating of corn pollen in Colha indicates that agriculture began there around 4,500 years ago.

(C) Archaeological evidence indicates that some of the oldest stone implements found at Colha were used to cut away vegetation after controlled burning of trees to open areas of swampland for cultivation.

(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.

(E) Many religious and social institutions of the Mayan people who inhabited Colha 3,000 years ago relied on a highly developed system of agricultural symbols.


The earliest Maya pottery was discovered 3,000 years ago. But recently, agricultural tools were discovered 4,500 years ago. These tools are very similar to the tools used by the Mayans, and they are very different from other civilized tools. Therefore, it is concluded that the Mayan civilization should exist 4,500 years ago. (Because the author has determined that the agricultural tool that was 4,500 years ago must have been invented by the Maya). D pointed out that later cultures often used agricultural tools of predecessor culture. It also implies that the Maya may have used the tools created by the predecessors of non-Mayan culture. In this way, the tool discovered before 4,500 years ago may have been created by the predecessor's non-Mayan culture, but at a later time, the Maya directly inherited the relics. So it weakened the conclusion that the Maya settled in Colha 4,500 years ago.
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Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 &nbs [#permalink] 03 Sep 2018, 08:18

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The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000

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