GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 13 Dec 2018, 14:36

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz, Tomorrow, Saturday at 9 AM PST

     December 14, 2018

     December 14, 2018

     09:00 AM PST

     10:00 AM PST

    10 Questions will be posted on the forum and we will post a reply in this Topic with a link to each question. There are prizes for the winners.
  • The winning strategy for 700+ on the GMAT

     December 13, 2018

     December 13, 2018

     08:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    What people who reach the high 700's do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we collected on over 50,000 students who used examPAL.

The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 24 Aug 2007
Posts: 755
WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain
The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2010, 03:53
4
30
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

79% (01:50) correct 21% (02:21) wrong based on 2253 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Ceramic ware is not known to have been used by the Mayan people to make agricultural implements.

(B) Carbon-dating of corn pollen in Colha indicates that agriculture began there around 4,500 years ago.

(C) Archaeological evidence indicates that some of the oldest stone implements found at Colha were used to cut away vegetation after controlled burning of trees to open areas of swampland for cultivation.

(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.

(E) Many religious and social institutions of the Mayan people who inhabited Colha 3,000 years ago relied on a highly developed system of agricultural symbols.

_________________

Want to improve your CR: http://gmatclub.com/forum/cr-methods-an-approach-to-find-the-best-answers-93146.html
Tricky Quant problems: http://gmatclub.com/forum/50-tricky-questions-92834.html
Important Grammer Fundamentals: http://gmatclub.com/forum/key-fundamentals-of-grammer-our-crucial-learnings-on-sc-93659.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jul 2009
Posts: 244
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2010, 10:13
3
ykaiim wrote:
The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Ceramic ware is not known to have been used by the Mayan people to make agricultural implements.
(B) Carbon-dating of corn pollen in Colha indicates that agriculture began there around 4,500 years ago.
(C) Archaeological evidence indicates that some of the oldest stone implements found at Colha were used to cut away vegetation after controlled burning of trees to open areas of swampland for cultivation.
(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.
(E) Many religious and social institutions of the Mayan people who inhabited Colha 3,000 years ago relied on a highly developed system of agricultural symbols.


This is an OG question and I am not convinced with the explaination, though marked the correct OA by PoE.


Even I think it's not one of the cleanest question.

IMO, the answer is D.

Reason: We are sure that Mayan lived 3000 ag0 (From the pottery)...
THEN >> We found an old stone(4500 yrs old) which looks like the implements used by the Mayan
Argument says: Mayan lived 4500 yrs ago..

Flaw: What if they(Mayan) just have borrowed the design for their implements and their implements are same as the old implement..!!(Just an example)..

So, the option D: Normally cultures uses the design developed by early inhabitants....so the stone design was copied (Copyright case..!!) and now other implement (3000 yr old) look same as the older one (4000 yr old).

Hope this helps..
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1111
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 May 2010, 09:32
1
I picked (D) but I think (E) came very close too.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Jul 2009
Posts: 83
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jun 2010, 02:59
nverma wrote:
ykaiim wrote:
The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Ceramic ware is not known to have been used by the Mayan people to make agricultural implements.
(B) Carbon-dating of corn pollen in Colha indicates that agriculture began there around 4,500 years ago.
(C) Archaeological evidence indicates that some of the oldest stone implements found at Colha were used to cut away vegetation after controlled burning of trees to open areas of swampland for cultivation.
(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.
(E) Many religious and social institutions of the Mayan people who inhabited Colha 3,000 years ago relied on a highly developed system of agricultural symbols.


This is an OG question and I am not convinced with the explaination, though marked the correct OA by PoE.


Even I think it's not one of the cleanest question.

IMO, the answer is D.

Reason: We are sure that Mayan lived 3000 ag0 (From the pottery)...
THEN >> We found an old stone(4500 yrs old) which looks like the implements used by the Mayan
Argument says: Mayan lived 4500 yrs ago..

Flaw: What if they(Mayan) just have borrowed the design for their implements and their implements are same as the old implement..!!(Just an example)..

So, the option D: Normally cultures uses the design developed by early inhabitants....so the stone design was copied (Copyright case..!!) and now other implement (3000 yr old) look same as the older one (4000 yr old).

Hope this helps..


Chose D for exactly the same reasons .

What is the OA ykaiim .. you havn't been posting OAs lately.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Jun 2010
Posts: 22
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Aug 2010, 01:53
2
I can't make any connections between the stem to A,B,C and E. Only D makes sense by providing alternative explanation to the implements (whatever it was!!)
stem: Mayan dated at 3000 ago
Earlier implement dated at 4500 ago
Mayan's implement resembled earlier implement
therefore Mayan dated to 4500 ago

Choice D:Mayan dated at 3000 ago
Earlier implement dated at 4500 ago
Mayan's implement resembled earlier implement
therefore Mayan copied earlier culture
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Sep 2010
Posts: 53
Schools: HBS, LBS, Wharton, Kelloggs, Booth
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Feb 2012, 02:13
1
The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Premise: Earliest Mayan pottery 3000 years old
But X that is 4500 years old also found
X different from all the other things made 4500 years ago
X resembles things that were made by mayans much later in the same place
Conclusion: Hence, Mayans were there 4500 years ago

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Ceramic ware is not known to have been used by the Mayan people to make agricultural implements. Irrelevant Nothing about Ceramic mentioned.
(B) Carbon-dating of corn pollen in Colha indicates that agriculture began there around 4,500 years ago. Talks about agriculture. The discussion is not about agriculture. It is about whether mayans were there 4500 years ago
(C) Archaeological evidence indicates that some of the oldest stone implements found at Colha were used to cut away vegetation after controlled burning of trees to open areas of swampland for cultivation. Irrelevant
(D) Successor cultures(Mayans of a much later period) at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site. This is the only option that weakens the argument. This statement says that other cultures at the same place adopt the style of agri. impl. used by earlier cultures in the same place. . Hence, those ppl who lived 4500 years ago may not have been mayans.
(E) Many religious and social institutions of the Mayan people who inhabited Colha 3,000 years ago relied on a highly developed system of agricultural symbols. Irrelevant
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: May The Force Be With Me (D-DAY 15 May 2012)
Joined: 06 Jan 2012
Posts: 220
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
Reviews Badge
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Feb 2012, 02:19
+1 D

I think is a variant of an offical guide question.
_________________

Giving +1 kudos is a better way of saying 'Thank You'.

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 10 Dec 2011
Posts: 89
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT Date: 09-28-2012
WE: Accounting (Manufacturing)
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2012, 15:21
1
Agreed that the answer is D. I chose D too. But, in hindsight, I have one doubt.

See, the argument as follows:-

4500-yr old Stone implements found at Colha, which resemble ones used by Mayans at a later date. Fine.
But, the style and design of these implements hasn't been seen before in any culture. This means that this was a new style, never existed before.

Then how is D correct which says that Mayans copied this style from some other culture? So how can the Mayans take this / copy this style from any other culture? Because the stem says that "no culture ever had such style... "

Please help..
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Jul 2012
Posts: 32
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2012, 22:06
It should be D.

In D, reason is given for the cause of the reason: why 4500 years old stones were found.
_________________

If you think you are lost, you are.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Jan 2013
Posts: 1
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jun 2013, 01:22
petrifiedbutstanding wrote:
The answer is D.



In the stem it is clearly mentioned that "prehistoric" not "4500 + years ago" or "4600 years ago"... hence option D opens the possibility that Mayans could have copied those implements from inhabitants who lived there earlier.And those inhabitants or their ancestors are the ones who changed the agricultural implements to look different from how it looked in PREHISTORIC times.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Apr 2014
Posts: 217
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jul 2014, 06:28
1
talismaaniac wrote:
Agreed that the answer is D. I chose D too. But, in hindsight, I have one doubt.

See, the argument as follows:-

4500-yr old Stone implements found at Colha, which resemble ones used by Mayans at a later date. Fine.
But, the style and design of these implements hasn't been seen before in any culture. This means that this was a new style, never existed before.

Then how is D correct which says that Mayans copied this style from some other culture? So how can the Mayans take this / copy this style from any other culture? Because the stem says that "no culture ever had such style... "

Please help..


I have the exact same doubt.. OG 's explanation are useless
Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2011
Posts: 284
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V34
GMAT 2: 700 Q42 V44
GMAT 3: 680 Q44 V39
GMAT 4: 740 Q49 V41
GPA: 3.7
WE: Project Management (Energy and Utilities)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2014, 00:28
I eliminated (D), because I assumed that the stem already offered a premise that "the designs are strikingly different from the designs of the stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in PREHISTORIC times."

IMO, it all boils down to whether 4500 years ago (or approx. 2500 years B.C.) is PREHISTORIC. After thinking a bit about it, I would say NO. So therefore => (D). But I still don't understand why this question is ranked as "Hard" and I still think it's tricky.
_________________

Thank you very much for reading this post till the end! Kudos?

Director
Director
User avatar
B
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 503
Location: Germany
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 580 Q46 V24
GPA: 3.88
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2014, 03:06
My answer was also (D) but I've the same doubts as himanshujovi and talismaaniac.... as D just canceled the fact stated in the argument about strikingly different designs
_________________

When you’re up, your friends know who you are. When you’re down, you know who your friends are.

Share some Kudos, if my posts help you. Thank you !

800Score ONLY QUANT CAT1 51, CAT2 50, CAT3 50
GMAT PREP 670
MGMAT CAT 630
KAPLAN CAT 660

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 07 Aug 2015
Posts: 8
Concentration: Marketing, General Management
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Mar 2016, 01:59
1
(D) Successor cultures("may be Mayans or may be not" of a much later period) at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site. This is the only option that weakens the argument. This statement says that other cultures at the same place adopt the style of agricultural implementation used by earlier cultures in the same place. Hence, those ppl who lived 4500 years ago may not have been Mayans.

Hope it clears the doubt! Kudos!
_________________

If you can't give up, you can't lose.

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 07 Sep 2014
Posts: 358
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Aug 2016, 23:24
4500 _--------------------------3000

We thought Mayan settlement were established 3000 years back, but now we found stone piece of 4500 years back. This stone is not like anything other other produced. And it resembled Mayan settlement equipment.

Mayan Culture
Other culture

So only option is that it should be of Mayan. And then another conclusion, ok mayan settlement is not 3000 years back but they are 4500 years old.

(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site. :-

By this we can say that they are not of Mayan but of their "Ancestor" so they are 4500 years old and not "Mayan" is 4500 years old.


But the question stem : we have already removed the possibility of other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. And the previous culture will also be considered as other cultures. and they are already off the list.

But another angle is : If mayan had borrowed the style from their previous ancestors, then although 4500 years old stone resembles the Mayan, that it would be of their ancestors. so the resemblance doesn't matter. They could be of Mayanor pervious ancestor, we are in doubt.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 12 Sep 2016
Posts: 12
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Dec 2016, 07:06
Given - the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times.

(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.

Unable to understand how D is the correct choice if it is given that the designs were different than ones produced by other cultures that lived in the area before mayans. What am i interpreting incorrectly.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2956
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jan 2017, 22:20
ankur2710 wrote:
Given - the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times.

(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.

Unable to understand how D is the correct choice if it is given that the designs were different than ones produced by other cultures that lived in the area before mayans. What am i interpreting incorrectly.


The part you missed is: "KNOWN to have inhabited the area". There could possibly be some other culture NOT KNOWN, from which the Mayans adopted the stone implements. Therefore option D is correct.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 11 Jul 2012
Posts: 50
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V29
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2017, 18:12
1
The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Ceramic ware is not known to have been used by the Mayan people to make agricultural implements.
(B) Carbon-dating of corn pollen in Colha indicates that agriculture began there around 4,500 years ago.
(C) Archaeological evidence indicates that some of the oldest stone implements found at Colha were used to cut away vegetation after controlled burning of trees to open areas of swampland for cultivation.
(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site.
(E) Many religious and social institutions of the Mayan people who inhabited Colha 3,000 years ago relied on a highly developed system of agricultural symbols.


The first highlighted part is the conclusion. The second highlighted part is the question stem....so we need an answer choice which basically says that the implements unearthed are not Mayans.

Option D talks about successor cultures adopting the style of previous inhabitants. This hints at the settlement unearthed(the one presumed to be 4500 years ago) copied the style from their successor(their identity we do not know) and down the line the style got passed to the Mayans, but not for once it establishes that 4500 years ago the settlement was of Mayans. Hence the correct choice. Frankly the other choices just made the job simpler, apart from D all of them seemed out of context.
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2123
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Nov 2017, 19:17
The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 years old. Recently, however, 4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha. These implements resemble Mayan stone implements of a much later period, also found at Colha. Moreover, the implements’ designs are strikingly different from the designs of stone implements produced by other cultures known to have inhabited the area in prehistoric times. Therefore, there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago.

Type - weaken
Boil it down - there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago .
4,500-year-old stone agricultural implements were unearthed at Colha were from Mayans because no co-existing culture created the same design .Thus there were surely Mayan settlements in Colha 4,500 years ago
-If we can break this causality we can weaken the conclusion

(A) Ceramic ware is not known to have been used by the Mayan people to make agricultural implements. - irrelevant
(B) Carbon-dating of corn pollen in Colha indicates that agriculture began there around 4,500 years ago. - Irrelevant - it says that some settlement was present in Colha around 4500 years ago
(C) Archaeological evidence indicates that some of the oldest stone implements found at Colha were used to cut away vegetation after controlled burning of trees to open areas of swampland for cultivation. - Irrelevant
(D) Successor cultures at a given site often adopt the style of agricultural implements used by earlier inhabitants of the same site. - Correct - Mayan civilization was inspired by some other culture/civilization that existed prior to it
(E) Many religious and social institutions of the Mayan people who inhabited Colha 3,000 years ago relied on a highly developed system of agricultural symbols. - Irrelevant

Answer D
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Sep 2014
Posts: 84
Location: Bangladesh
GPA: 3.5
WE: Project Management (Manufacturing)
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jan 2018, 22:36
Dear sayantanc2k I did not understand the passage at all. Could you please help me understand the passage and the answers?
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000 &nbs [#permalink] 06 Jan 2018, 22:36

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 22 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The earliest Mayan pottery found at Colha, in Belize, is about 3,000

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.