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# The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls

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Manager
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2010, 18:34
tejal777 wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

(A) as little risk as one in a million chances to cause

(B) as little risk as one chance in a million of causing

(C) as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause

(D) a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing

(E) a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

Is' nt "one in a million" the correct usage?/I chose A. Can somebody please elaborate this gprep question?

The answer is B because "risk of causing" is the correct idiom. "One in a million chances" is correct usage and is succinct but "the risk to cause" is the incorrect idiom, therefore you have to use option B with the correct risk of causing idiom and the slightly wordy "one chance in a million chances".
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2010, 05:46
Actually here as ... as shud refer risk. not chance.
so 'as little risk as' is right over 'risk as little as one chance'.
and between B and C ....B is obvious.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2010, 08:23
hi,
What's wrong with C as i've thought "it" refers to one chance. Pls correct me
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2010, 23:58
1
One is a million chance and risk of are the correct idioms.
Hence B.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2011, 03:34
3
eybrj2 wrote:
44. The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

A. as little risk as one in a million chances to cause
B. as little risk as one chance in a million of causing
C. as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause
D. a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing
E. a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

Can anyone explain this question?

"it" in C and E has no antecedent. Eliminate them.

In A, "to cause" means purpose, not the intended meaning of sentence. In this case, we can use "chance to", England has a big chance to participate in World Cup 2016.

In statistic, we have to use "chance of". Another usage is also wrong such as "chance for", so eliminate D.

The comparison in all answer choice have no problem.

Please correct me if I'm wrong. Thanks. Hope that helps
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2013, 01:03
This is about the mandatory controls on toxic substances that presents risk of causing cancer.

Error 1: Substances should be plural.
Error 2: "a risk of" is the correct idiom which was just clouded or put in blur by one in a million chances... risk as little as one in a million chances of causing....

C and E uses "it" to refer to substances. This is wrong.
"A risk to cause" and "A risk for" are incorrect usage.

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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2013, 18:12
So besides "for causing", is the former part of choice D correct? "Present a risk as little as one chance in a million.."
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2013, 03:14
I chose C.

Shouldn't "...present.." and "...that will cause..." be parallel?
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2014, 06:32
1
The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

A. as little risk as one in a million chances to cause
B. as little risk as one chance in a million of causing
C. as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause
D. a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing
E. a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

1: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances.
The substances present Risk of causing cancer.
2:to cause [shows purpose] /for causing are not correct usage here.
3: "it" here links to plural noun substances which is not correct.

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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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28 May 2016, 10:17
1
eybrj2 wrote:
44. The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

A. as little risk as one in a million chances to cause
B. as little risk as one chance in a million of causing
C. as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause
D. a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing
E. a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

Can anyone explain this question?

The sentence check correct usage of 2 idiomatic forms -

1. As X as Y
2. Chance of ( meaning "likelihood", "probability")

Among the given options only (B) matches ...
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 06:11
MICKEYXITIN wrote:
hi,
What's wrong with C as i've thought "it" refers to one chance. Pls correct me

In this sentence "it" should be "their" since we talk about substances that cause cancer, not chances. Hence you can easily eliminate C and E.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 12:07
Hi Guys,

The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.
A. as little risk as one in a million chances to cause
B. as little risk as one chance in a million of causing
C. as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause
D. a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing
E. a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

How do I know the correct usage of idiom - "as little as"?
I mean - risk - should be placed before the idiom - "risk as little as one chance"
or after - "as little risk" ?

I assume it related to the comparison - we need to compare risk to once chance in a million.

A . Subject Verb Agreement error.
B. Right ans.
C. Singular pronoun refers to plural antecedent,
D. Changes meaning
E. Changes meaning
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2017, 08:19
Correct Idiom: risk of causing. Ans. B
the word whose idiomatic usage is being tested is risk, not chance.
this is a bit hard to see in this particular sentence, so here's an analogy
as small a collection as three pirated albums has occasionally drawn the attention of the recording industry.
in this case, 'collection', not 'albums', is the subject of 'has drawn' (which can be inferred from the fact that 'has' is
singular).
this is the case because this sentence is equivalent to the following rearranged version:
a collection as small as three pirated albums has occasionally drawn the attention of the recording industry.
--
the same reasoning applies here; you're looking for idiomatic usage that agrees with 'risk', not 'chance'.
'chance to' is NOT used when 'chance' refers to a mathematical probability (as it does in this context). in the case of
mathematical probabilities, you can only use 'chance of'.
for instance, you can't say this treatment has a 70% chance to cure the disease; you have to say chance of curing.
the analogy is meant to show that the word "chance" is, in all of these choices, part of a modifier that is entirely
disposable.
the first three choices are analogous to my first sentence above:
original:
as little risk as one chance in a million of causing
analogy:
as small a collection as three pirated albums has occasionally drawn...
original:
a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing (note this is unidiomatic, but the correspondence is the same)
analogy:
a collection as small as three pirated albums has occasionally drawn
compare these side-by-side. note that the throwaway modifiers are in the same places.
the grammar is not quite the same (the second part is a prepositional phrase in the original, but a verb in the
analogy). however, the correspondence is exactly the same, so the analogy is good enough for illustrative purposes.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 04:55
The idiom here is RISK + OF + VERBing:

...substances that present as little RISK...OF CAUSING cancer.

Only B offers the correct idiom.

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The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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24 May 2018, 07:44
Quote:
The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

(A) as little risk as one in a million chances to cause - Incorrect.

(B) as little risk as one chance in a million of causing - Correct.

(C) as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause - Incorrect.

(D) a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing - Incorrect.

(E) a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause - Incorrect.

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