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The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls

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The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Jan 2019, 01:37
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The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.


(A) as little risk as one in a million chances to cause

(B) as little risk as one chance in a million of causing

(C) as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause

(D) a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing

(E) a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

Originally posted by lordw on 25 Aug 2008, 10:46.
Last edited by Bunuel on 19 Jan 2019, 01:37, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2018, 05:43
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The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

Before we get at the throat of this question, we must remember the fundamental rule that comparisons are a kind of parallel structures and therefore have to have balanced features on the sides side of the comparator. Here the comparator is 'as-as'. Now on to the choices.



A. as little risk as one in a million chances to cause --- 'little risk' is adjective plus noun, whereas one is just a noun.

B. as little risk as one chance in a million of causing--- little risk is an adjective plus noun and one chance is also an adjective plus noun. Perfect balance

C. as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause -- the problem is the word 'it'. 'It' can't stand for the plural 'substances'

D. a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing --- little is an adjective but one chance is an adjective plus noun

E. a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause --- same structural error as in D.

Now, if time permits one can mull that, as substances are just substances and do not carry an intention to cause harm. Therefore, to cause, for causing and for it to cause are no good compared with 'of causing' in B in the given context


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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2010, 17:28
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The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.
A. as little risk as one in a million chances to cause - one chance in a million looks better than one in a million chances; moreover chance to refers to opportunity; chance of refers to probability which is the correct usage here
B. as little risk as one chance in a million of causing - Looks good
C. as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause - awkward
D. a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing
E. a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2008, 11:54
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lordw wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

a)
b) as little risk as one chance in a million chances of causing
c) as little risk as one chance in a million chances that will cause
d) a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing

Gentlemen, does anybody know the rule when a word must be within "as__word___as"? Tks Lw


I will go with B.

"risk of causing" -- > correct idiom.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2009, 02:49
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nitindas.. it is better you kindly use the search feature of this forum, before posting a question.. typing few words from the question is more than enough to get results,

click here for explanations,
sc-risk-68446.html?highlight=the+environmental+protection+agency+frequently+puts+mandatory+controls+on+toxic+substances
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2010, 03:33
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Correct idioms are: RISK OF CAUSING and ONE CHANCE IN A MILLION

IMO B.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2010, 04:03
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[quote="tejal777"]The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

(A) as little risk as one in a million chances to cause

(B) as little risk as one chance in a million of causing

(C) as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause

(D) a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing

(E) a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

BTW A and B. The correct idiom her is the risk of
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2010, 22:58
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One is a million chance and risk of are the correct idioms.
Hence B.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2011, 02:34
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eybrj2 wrote:
44. The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

A. as little risk as one in a million chances to cause
B. as little risk as one chance in a million of causing
C. as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause
D. a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing
E. a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause


Can anyone explain this question?


"it" in C and E has no antecedent. Eliminate them.

In A, "to cause" means purpose, not the intended meaning of sentence. In this case, we can use "chance to", England has a big chance to participate in World Cup 2016.

In statistic, we have to use "chance of". Another usage is also wrong such as "chance for", so eliminate D.

The comparison in all answer choice have no problem.

Please correct me if I'm wrong. Thanks. Hope that helps
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2013, 00:03
This is about the mandatory controls on toxic substances that presents risk of causing cancer.

Error 1: Substances should be plural.
Error 2: "a risk of" is the correct idiom which was just clouded or put in blur by one in a million chances... risk as little as one in a million chances of causing....

C and E uses "it" to refer to substances. This is wrong.
"A risk to cause" and "A risk for" are incorrect usage.

Answer: B
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2014, 05:32
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The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

A. as little risk as one in a million chances to cause
B. as little risk as one chance in a million of causing
C. as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause
D. a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing
E. a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

1: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances.
The substances present Risk of causing cancer.
2:to cause [shows purpose] /for causing are not correct usage here.
3: "it" here links to plural noun substances which is not correct.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2016, 09:17
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eybrj2 wrote:
44. The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.

A. as little risk as one in a million chances to cause
B. as little risk as one chance in a million of causing
C. as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause
D. a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing
E. a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause


Can anyone explain this question?


The sentence check correct usage of 2 idiomatic forms -

1. As X as Y
2. Chance of ( meaning "likelihood", "probability")

Among the given options only (B) matches ...
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 07:19
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Correct Idiom: risk of causing. Ans. B
the word whose idiomatic usage is being tested is risk, not chance.
this is a bit hard to see in this particular sentence, so here's an analogy
as small a collection as three pirated albums has occasionally drawn the attention of the recording industry.
in this case, 'collection', not 'albums', is the subject of 'has drawn' (which can be inferred from the fact that 'has' is
singular).
this is the case because this sentence is equivalent to the following rearranged version:
a collection as small as three pirated albums has occasionally drawn the attention of the recording industry.
--
the same reasoning applies here; you're looking for idiomatic usage that agrees with 'risk', not 'chance'.
'chance to' is NOT used when 'chance' refers to a mathematical probability (as it does in this context). in the case of
mathematical probabilities, you can only use 'chance of'.
for instance, you can't say this treatment has a 70% chance to cure the disease; you have to say chance of curing.
the analogy is meant to show that the word "chance" is, in all of these choices, part of a modifier that is entirely
disposable.
the first three choices are analogous to my first sentence above:
original:
as little risk as one chance in a million of causing
analogy:
as small a collection as three pirated albums has occasionally drawn...
original:
a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing (note this is unidiomatic, but the correspondence is the same)
analogy:
a collection as small as three pirated albums has occasionally drawn
compare these side-by-side. note that the throwaway modifiers are in the same places.
the grammar is not quite the same (the second part is a prepositional phrase in the original, but a verb in the
analogy). however, the correspondence is exactly the same, so the analogy is good enough for illustrative purposes.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 03:55
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The idiom here is RISK + OF + VERBing:

...substances that present as little RISK...OF CAUSING cancer.

Only B offers the correct idiom.

The correct answer is B.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2018, 06:44
Quote:
The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.


(A) as little risk as one in a million chances to cause - Incorrect.

(B) as little risk as one chance in a million of causing - Correct.

(C) as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause - Incorrect.

(D) a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing - Incorrect.

(E) a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause - Incorrect.

Answer: (B).
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 21:32
Risk to cause vs risk of cussing

In c and e it is wrong

B is best obvious one

Also query on a one in million chances vs one chance in a million

Please note that million are not chances , there is one chance in million

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2019, 01:00
'chance to' is NOT used when 'chance' refers to a mathematical probability (as it does in this context). in the case of mathematical probabilities, you can only use 'chance of'.
for instance, you can't say this treatment has a 70% chance to cure the disease; you have to say chance of curing.

For more detailed reasoning from Ron Purewal, please refer to the below link:
https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/the-environmental-protection-agency-frequently-puts-t2469.html
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2020, 05:03
The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls on toxic substances that present as little risk as one in a million chances to cause cancer.


(A) as little risk as one in a million chances to cause

One in a million is a single chance not chances.

(B) as little risk as one chance in a million of causing.

Correct

(C) as little risk as one chance in a million that it will cause

it has not reference .

(D) a risk as little as one chance in a million for causing

Here the meaning gets changed a bit. Sentence does not talk about "a risk" only. It wants to convey that the substances posses very little risk

(E) a risk as little as one chance in a million for it to cause

It has no reference.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agency frequently puts mandatory controls   [#permalink] 01 Jan 2020, 05:03
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