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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi

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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 16 Jan 2019, 07:15
12
43
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (00:58) correct 47% (00:58) wrong based on 1648 sessions

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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.


(A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would

(B) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel

(C) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel

(D) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would

(E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would

Originally posted by joemama142000 on 09 Dec 2005, 15:39.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Jan 2019, 07:15, edited 4 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2013, 06:36
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fozzzy wrote:
can someone provide a detailed analysis on this one. Thanks!


Hi fozzy,
There you go.

The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

Since the meaning is pretty simple to understand, let’s proceed to the Error Analysis.

ERROR ANALYSIS:

1. The federal rules were made to ensure two things:
• patients must be warned of potential risks, and
• an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted
The first entity is preceded by “that”, but the second one is not. We need before the second entity as well.

2. Use of “would evaluate” is correct because the main verb for this part of the sentence is written in simple past tense “was conducted”. Since the sentence is written in simple past tense, we must use past tense of “will” that is “would” here.
Now the entities in the list must be parallel. Since we have two clauses as entities, the context of the sentence requires that there be consistency in the verb tenses. Hence we need “would be warned”.
3. Also, “ensure” does not need the use of subjunctive verb. So “would be warned” will take care of this issue too.

PoE:

A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel: Incorrect.
1. This choice repeats the verb tense (must) error as in choice A.
2. There is no need for subjunctive verb here. We do need “would” not only before “evaluate” but also before “be warned of”.

C) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel: Incorrect.
1. Use of “are warned” is incorrect because the context of the sentence is set in the past tense.
2. Same “would” error as in choice B.
3. “warned of” is more formal than “warned about”. The latter is more colloquial. Hence, “warned of” is better

D) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would: Incorrect.
1. Use of “will be warned” leads to verb tense error
2. “that” is missing before the second entity in the list.

E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would: Correct.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2005, 15:47
1
2
E.

would is required to indicate future, unseen, effects of federal rules.
C is incorect: tense not consistent. "it was conducted" in non-underlined portion indicates past tense.
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2005, 18:58
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joemama142000 wrote:
The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would

B) must be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel

C) are warned about potential risks and that an independent panel

D) will be warned about potential risks and an independent panel would

E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would


E for parallel structure and parallel tenses and correct idiom "be warned of"
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2005, 08:30
E,//lism would be warned of and would evaluate

I thought warn about is a correct idiom but now I know that I was wrong
thanks guys for posting this question
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2010, 21:06
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E for parallel construction (that.. that..) and subjunctive usgae ( were - would )
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2011, 14:01
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I originally picked E for ||ism. But after reaching MGMAT SC and a couple of OG examples where words like 'rule' and 'laws' are associated with MUST instead of COULD/SHOULD/WOULD (since laws are mandatory and words like would/should/could imply one has a choice in obeying the law...) , I decided to go with B because that is the only option that has MUST in the beginning and removes WOULD from the second half. It didn't make sense to me but I went by the rules in MGMAT and OG. Turns out there are exceptions to the rule :-(

How to avoid this trap?
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2012, 01:05
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would is needed for future potentiality and parallel construction (that.. that..)
Thus E.
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2013, 02:22
can someone provide a detailed analysis on this one. Thanks!
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2013, 03:39
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fozzzy wrote:
can someone provide a detailed analysis on this one. Thanks!


The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experiments were established to ensure that patients must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would evaluate the experiment before it was conducted.

The sentence says "evaluate" so we cannot place an "an independent panel" before (is singular). Out B and C.
The sentence also says "were", hence we are talking about the past; so the verb "will" is not correct.
If we are in the past, and we want to make a prediction about the future "would" is correct over "will". This eliminates option D.

A) must be warned of potential risks and an independent panel would
E) would be warned of potential risks and that an independent panel would

The parallelism in A is not correct, E, on the other hand, is perfectly parallel: to ensure patients would be warned and that an independent panel would .
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2016, 01:57
ngocntt wrote:
E,//lism would be warned of and would evaluate

I thought warn about is a correct idiom but now I know that I was wrong
thanks guys for posting this question


The following idioms are correct
Warn about:- I warned John about the impeding danger.
Warned against :- The coach reminded the team about its past performance and warned the team against any kind of complacency
Warn of :- The committee warned the expedition team of intense hostility by the locals.
Warned off :- The sheriff warned off the drunk football fans.

In this case the answer depends more on parallelism than the usage of the idiom "warn about" or "warn of"
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Re: The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 02:48
daagh Bishal123456789

I was able to narrow to A and E
But why would is preffered over must since parallelism is alright in A and E
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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 04:01
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A is flouting that 'that' parallelism. The rules wanted that X would be done and that Y would be done. E is using that for both the requirements.
Since this is fundamental, the use of must is not an issue between the two choices.
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The federal rules aimed at protecting human subjects of medical experi &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jan 2019, 04:01
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