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# The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses

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Updated on: 25 Aug 2019, 16:55
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Question Stats:

62% (01:57) correct 38% (02:04) wrong based on 1429 sessions

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The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs, though some consumer groups disagree with the government's estimates, suggesting they are too optimistic.

(A) The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,

(B) The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls by the Federal Communication Commission's telephone rate cuts,

(C) The government's prediction is, for consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, costs will be greatly reduced by the recent telephone rate cuts made by the Federal Communications Commission,

(D) For consumers and businesses that make large number of long-distance calls, the government prediction that the Federal Communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,

(E) For consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, the government predicts that the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made will greatly reduce costs,

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Originally posted by sondenso on 15 May 2008, 20:04.
Last edited by hazelnut on 25 Aug 2019, 16:55, edited 2 times in total.
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04 Aug 2013, 01:41
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fozzzy wrote:
Can someone provide a detailed analysis on this one. Thanks!

The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs, though some consumer groups disagree with the government's estimates, suggesting they are too optimistic.

B and C use an unnecessary passive voice, for now we can eliminate them.
D is not a sentence
For consumers and businesses that make large number of long-distance calls, modifier the government prediction that the Federal Communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs (modifier of the prediction),
So "the government prediction" ?? what?

A. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,
E. For consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, the government predicts that the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made will greatly reduce cost

They are pretty much the same except for the placement of "for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls": this is technically an adverbial phrase (not 100% sure, but does not matter). The thing that matter is the meaning: if you place this modifier as it is in A you say that the policy will reduce costs FOR those costumers. (correct meaning)
If you place it as it is in option E you are saying that the gov predicts something FOR those costumers (...) (incorrect meaning).

Moreover
the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts is much better than the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made
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##### General Discussion
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15 May 2008, 20:57
2
Quote:
35. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs, though some consumer groups disagree with the government's estimates, suggesting they are too optimistic.

A. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,
B. The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls by the Federal Communication Commission's telephone rate cuts,
C. The government's prediction is, for consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, costs will be greatly reduced by the recent telephone rate cuts made by the Federal Communications Commission,
D. For consumers and businesses that make large number of long-distance calls, the government prediction that the Federal Communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,
E. For consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, the government predicts that the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made will greatly reduce costs,

D and E - the govt is modified incorrectly.
C -Government's prediction wrong
I will go for B. But the word 'Recent' is missing.
Hence answer is A. Also, I am not able to find a fault with A.
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15 May 2008, 22:04
A

I narrowed down between A & E.
E is awkward with the placement of the modifier.
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15 May 2008, 22:13
A. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs

A is correct as main sentence The government predicts that the federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts
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16 May 2008, 11:58
yeah A on this

is the only one that actually makes sense when you read it.
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16 May 2008, 18:01
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Come on! , getafixdruid, fresinha12, saravalli. I wish you came earlier! people choose choice A , but do not give here any reasoning! Bored!

All the post here I made is GmatPrep, Pls stay with me to crack it!
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02 Jun 2008, 12:36
How is 'the government' modified incorrectly in D and E?

Leopard wrote:
Quote:
35. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs, though some consumer groups disagree with the government's estimates, suggesting they are too optimistic.

A. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,
B. The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls by the Federal Communication Commission's telephone rate cuts,
C. The government's prediction is, for consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, costs will be greatly reduced by the recent telephone rate cuts made by the Federal Communications Commission,
D. For consumers and businesses that make large number of long-distance calls, the government prediction that the Federal Communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,
E. For consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, the government predicts that the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made will greatly reduce costs,

D and E - the govt is modified incorrectly.
C -Government's prediction wrong
I will go for B. But the word 'Recent' is missing.
Hence answer is A. Also, I am not able to find a fault with A.
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02 Jun 2008, 13:43
all other things being equal, what is the difference between:

'For consumers and businesses that make large number of calls'
AND
'For consumers and businesses making large number of calls'
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02 Jun 2008, 14:18
Predictions denotes time frame in future and thus require “will”.
Eliminate B, C

Between A, D and E

A. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,
B. The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls by the Federal Communication Commission's telephone rate cuts,
C. The government's prediction is, for consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, costs will be greatly reduced by the recent telephone rate cuts made by the Federal Communications Commission,
D. For consumers and businesses that make large number of long-distance calls, the government prediction that the Federal Communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs, [The government prediction creates a phrase - eliminate it]
E. For consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, the government predicts that the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made will greatly reduce costs, [making – shown progressive form – eliminate it]

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02 Jun 2008, 14:22
gmat blows wrote:
all other things being equal, what is the difference between:

'For consumers and businesses that make large number of calls'
AND
'For consumers and businesses making large number of calls'

The first entry creates a clause -

that modifies "'For consumers and businesses " and "make" functions as verb.

The second entry creates a modifying phrase - no Subject or Verb
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09 Oct 2009, 12:41
gmat blows wrote:
all other things being equal, what is the difference between:

'For consumers and businesses that make large number of calls'
AND
'For consumers and businesses making large number of calls'

I think both are equal. second one is reduced clause 'making = that make'.
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16 Nov 2009, 08:16
35. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs, though some consumer groups disagree with the government's estimates, suggesting they are too optimistic.

A. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,
B. The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls by the Federal Communication Commission's telephone rate cuts,
C. The government's prediction is, for consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, costs will be greatly reduced by the recent telephone rate cuts made by the Federal Communications Commission,
D. For consumers and businesses that make large number of long-distance calls, the government prediction that the Federal Communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,
E. For consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, the government predicts that the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made will greatly reduce costs,

B - reduced ... by is unclear
C is out - they cannot refer to the possessive pronoun
D and E - distort the meaning. For consumers ... should modify the clause following "that."
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26 Dec 2009, 20:57
1
The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal Communications Commission's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs, though some consumer groups disagree with the government's estimates, suggesting they are too optimistic.

(A) The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal Communications Commission's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs
(B) The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls by the Federal Communications Commission's recent telephone rate cuts
(C) The government's prediction is, for consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, costs will be greatly reduced by the recent telephone rate cuts made by the Federal Communications Commission
(D) For consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the government's prediction that the Federal Communications Commission's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs
(E) For consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, the government predicts that the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made will greatly reduce costs

The OA is but I chose E. I am not sure why E is wrong. The modifier "For consumers and businesses making a large number of long distance calls" seems to modify "predicts". Am I right on that? So that would make it a verb modifier which would be ok?
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27 Dec 2009, 00:33
IMO A is correct because:
It is not good practice to start any sentence with preposition 'FOR'.
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27 Dec 2009, 08:35
Imo in E the meaning is getting changed slightly there is no comma in b/n businesses and making, hence E actually states that for all type of consumers and businesses who makes long dis call .

where as the original states that its for bth
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21 Jun 2010, 07:21
I rejected E because there is no verb in the introductory dependent clause.
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21 Jun 2010, 20:31
predict that ---> IDIOM
Only A and B left.

(B) The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that
---> second "that" should be immediately after and. OUT
predicts that...... and that .....
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04 Jul 2010, 13:00
I was quite confused between A and E and found the below explanation:

Quote:
The problem with choice E is in the placement of the modifier ("For consumers and businesses making a large number of..."). Since this comes before the main clause, "the government predicts...", the implication is that the government is making a prediction for the sake of those consumers and businesses: the prediction is "for" them - and may not even mean that their rates will fall!

The prepositional phrase at the beginning of choice e is an example of a dangling modifier: one isn't quite sure exactly what it's supposed to modify. according to the strict rules followed by the gmat, this phrase should technically modify the action directly following the comma (the government predicts), which doesn't make sense: the government is not making predictions for the benefit of consumers and businesses (rather, it is merely making projections).
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04 Dec 2011, 18:11
1
35. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs, though some consumer groups disagree with the government's estimates, suggesting they are too optimistic.

A. The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,

B. The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls by the Federal Communication Commission's telephone rate cuts,
C. The government's prediction is, for consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, costs will be greatly reduced by the recent telephone rate cuts made by the Federal Communications Commission,
D. For consumers and businesses that make large number of long-distance calls, the government prediction that the Federal Communication's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs,

Why not b?
E. For consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, the government predicts that the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made will greatly reduce costs,
Re: The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses   [#permalink] 04 Dec 2011, 18:11

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