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The government should enact a bill that would prohibit the sale and

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The government should enact a bill that would prohibit the sale and [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2017, 00:45
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67% (01:10) correct 33% (01:20) wrong based on 131 sessions

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The government should enact a bill that would prohibit the sale and consumption of alcohol on commuter trains. Recently, the state, exercising its legitimate authority, passed a law to protect the health of commuters by prohibiting smoking on the commuter line. When intoxicated riders get off the train, get in their cars, and drive, the public is exposed to at least as much danger as are nonsmoking rail passengers who are forced to inhale cigarette smoke.

In arguing that alcohol consumption on commuter trains should be banned, the author relies on

(A) the fact that drinking alcohol is dangerous to one’s health
(B) the principle that people need to be protected from their own actions
(C) the use of emotionally charged descriptions of smoking and drinking alcohol
(D) the reader’s sympathy for the problems of commuters
(E) a comparison between the effects of smoking and the effects of drinking alcohol
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The government should enact a bill that would prohibit the sale and [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2017, 00:59
nguyendinhtuong wrote:
The government should enact a bill that would prohibit the sale and consumption of alcohol on commuter trains. Recently, the state, exercising its legitimate authority, passed a law to protect the health of commuters by prohibiting smoking on the commuter line. When intoxicated riders get off the train, get in their cars, and drive, the public is exposed to at least as much danger as are nonsmoking rail passengers who are forced to inhale cigarette smoke.

In arguing that alcohol consumption on commuter trains should be banned, the author relies on

(A) the fact that drinking alcohol is dangerous to one’s health
(B) the principle that people need to be protected from their own actions
(C) the use of emotionally charged descriptions of smoking and drinking alcohol
(D) the reader’s sympathy for the problems of commuters
(E) a comparison between the effects of smoking and the effects of drinking alcohol


IMO answer is (E)
The given argument states that the government should enact a bill that would prohibit the sale and consumption of alcohol on commuter trains. A similar authority is exercised by the state by prohibiting smoking on the commuter line. It further says that when intoxicated (smokers) riders travel in the commuter lines, the public who are not smoking are also forced to inhale the cigarette smoke. Same case is likely to happen if instead of smokers, there are drunkards in the train who will make the general public feel uncomfortable. So, the author depends on a comparison between the effects of smoking and the effects of drinking. As smoking is banned in the commuter line, therefore alcohol sale and consumption should also be banned in the commuter line because of their effects.

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The government should enact a bill that would prohibit the sale and [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2017, 02:50
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Simple Assumption question.

The argument is saying Alcohol should be banned because it has seen the benefits of banning smoking.

Clearly, the author believes there is some kind of relationship between the two. Option E is doing so. Hence, the correct answer.

(A) the fact that drinking alcohol is dangerous to one’s health : No Relation shown
(B) the principle that people need to be protected from their own actions : Irrelevant
(C) the use of emotionally charged descriptions of smoking and drinking alcohol : Emotions?? OFS
(D) the reader’s sympathy for the problems of commuters : No, we are not sure whether anyone is sympathized.
(E) a comparison between the effects of smoking and the effects of drinking alcohol: Correct, as per the reasons outlined above
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The government should enact a bill that would prohibit the sale and   [#permalink] 02 May 2017, 02:50
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