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The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact

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The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Oct 2018, 02:18
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A
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The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.


A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of

B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of

C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using

D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of

E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using

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Originally posted by jeunesis on 23 Jul 2006, 10:44.
Last edited by Bunuel on 04 Oct 2018, 02:18, edited 4 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2006, 11:28
1
another one for D

E looks bad because of "using" and "which" part is not set off by commas continuing the sentence... so it's gotta be wrong.

A and C have the pronoun "their" that isn't clear
B has my favorite type of problem... standing gerund by itself... "making"... it implies an action, so it isn't playing a role of a noun! so B is OUT.
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2008, 12:37
A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of
"their" has no referent.

B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of
"making" is wrong tense. It cannot be taken as subordinate clause, as subordinate refers to verb form and not to the noun.

C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using
"their" has no referent.

D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of
Seems OK.

E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using
This options creates a sentence fragment.

IMO D.
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2008, 08:58
x2suresh wrote:
998). The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.

A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of

B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of

C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using

D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of

E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using


I choose D as well. Here is my reasoning:

First of all, our main subject here is "The Industrial Revolution," so naturally, we want to find its main verb as well. So:

A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of

We have the main verb "was marked," but "their" is incorrectly referring to "The Industrial Revolution", which is singular. Eliminate!

B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of

"marked" is not even a verb, but rather an adjective describing "The Industrial Revolution," so we don't have a verb in this sentence and so must eliminate.

C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using

same issue as option A

D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of

This looks fine or at least you're unable to find any obvious problem. So keep it and move on!

E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using

The whole remaining sentence is a non-essential modifier. So basically, the main thing mentioned in the sentence is "The Industrial Evolution"???? In order to have a sentence, you must have at least 1 subject and 1 verb. We only have 1 subject in this answer choice!

So our answer should be D!
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2011, 03:00
E becomes:
The Industrial Revolution, which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.
its a fragment, isn't it?
D is better option.
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 08:32
manufactured goods, was marked by the use of

Isn't ''was marked by the use of'' an appositive modifier? If so, shouldn't it modify the goods and not Industrial revolution?

Help needed!
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 11:05
"Was marked" is the main verb, not a modifier.

Read the sentence like this:
The Industrial Revolution (subject), which made possible the mass production of manufactured goods (modifier), was marked (verb) by the use of new machines, new energy sources and new basic materials (object).

How do you recognise the modifier? Appositive modifiers occur immediately after the subject: these moderns are typically surrounded by a pair of commas. That's why they are named as such -- they occur beside (and not "o"pposite) the noun they modify. For example: Federer, the best tennis player the world has ever seen, lost the Wimbledon this year.
In the correct sentence (option D), the presence of "which" is a further hint that the text that follows it (until the comma) is a modifier.


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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 20:28
The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.


A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of
B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of
C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using
D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of
E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using

Hi GMATNinja, mikemcgarry,

What is wrong in B? Is it not making modifying Industrial Revolution? It is Industrial Revolution , which made mass production of manufactured goods.
Is marked -ed modifier or verb?
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 10:30
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NandishSS wrote:
The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.


A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of
B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of
C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using
D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of
E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using

Hi GMATNinja, mikemcgarry,

What is wrong in B? Is it not making modifying Industrial Revolution? It is Industrial Revolution , which made mass production of manufactured goods.
Is marked -ed modifier or verb?

Dear NandishSS,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, choice (B) makes that most famous of mistakes, the missing-verb mistake. In your analysis, you were looking locally, but the problem was global. In version (B), there are modifiers all over, but there's no main verb.

Here's (B)
The Industrial Revolution, = noun, main subject
making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, = modifier
marked by the use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials. = modifier
No full verb every happens in that sentence. If there's no full verb, the entire thing does not qualify as a legitimate sentence. Every bonafide sentence needs at least one full verb.

It can be a tricky thing for non-native speakers to appreciate, the difference between a full verb and a participle. We need to add an auxiliary verb (i.e. a "helping" verb) to a participle to transform it into a full verb.
making = present participle, an active participle
was making = past progressive tense verb, a full verb
marked = past participle, a passive participle
was marked = past tense verb, a full verb

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 19:57
HI mikemcgarry,

Completely agree with your explanation. +1

One quick question sometimes (marked = past participle, a passive participle) act as a modifier and in some problem, it will act as the verb as well.

How to differentiate -ed modifier and a verb?
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2017, 17:24
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1
NandishSS wrote:
HI mikemcgarry,

Completely agree with your explanation. +1

One quick question sometimes (marked = past participle, a passive participle) act as a modifier and in some problem, it will act as the verb as well.

How to differentiate -ed modifier and a verb?


Hi NandishSS! Carolyn from Magoosh here :-) I'll jump in and answer this for Mike!

This is definitely a big issue in GMAT SC, and one that comes up all the time. So, when we see an '-ed' verb/modifier, how can we tell which one it is? The answer is that we need to look at the context. Specifically, we need to first find the subject of the sentence, and think about the action associated with the '-ed' word. Then we ask ourselves: "Is the subject performing this action?" If the answer is yes, then the '-ed' word is a verb. If the answer is no, then it's a modifier :-) Let's start with an easy sentence as an example!

The candle burned all night.

Here, the subject is "candle", and the '-ed' word that we're looking at is "burned". The action associated with this is "to burn". Here, it is clear that the subject (the candle) is doing the burning. So in this case, "burned" is a verb :-)

The tablecloth, burned by the candle, now has a hole.

Here, we're still looking at "burned", but the subject is now the "tablecloth". So the question is - is the tablecloth doing the burning here? No - the candle is! So there's a mismatch - the subject of the sentence is not doing the action associated with the '-ed' word. That means that "burned" here is a modifier :-)

Now let's look at our original sentence:

The Industrial Revolution, making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.

The subject here is Industrial Revolution, and the '-ed' word we're looking at is "marked". Now, what's the action associated with "marked"? It would be "to mark" something. Is the Industrial Revolution doing the marking here? No - it is the new machines that are marking the Industrial Revolution. So we can safely conclude that "marked" here is a modifier.

Does that help clear this up? Let me know if you still have questions about this!

-Carolyn
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2018, 02:03
I am not sure why B is wrong.... Can anyone explain it? Thanks in advance...
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufact &nbs [#permalink] 04 Oct 2018, 02:03
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