GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Jan 2019, 20:30

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     January 19, 2019

     January 19, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
  • FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

     January 20, 2019

     January 20, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     07:00 AM PST

    Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1204
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2008, 05:03
2
22
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (00:59) correct 51% (01:12) wrong based on 1203 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that.

(A) being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that

(B) having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, costly previously

(C) one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable, however costly previously, commodity

(D) one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, whereas it had previously been costly

(E) being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one

Source : Manhattan Prep Online Question Bank Q#8

_________________

cheers
Its Now Or Never

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1080
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jul 2010, 08:37
1
1
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most
significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned
cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was
expensive before that.

A being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it was expensive before
that - "expensive before that" is awkward

B having been one of the most significant developments of
the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it had previously been
expensive - "having been" is incorrect.

C one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite its previous expense - "despite its previous expense" is incorrect

D one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite the fact that it had previously been expensive - "one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century" correctly modifies "The invention of coitton gin". correct tense usage. "had previously been expensive" and then invention "turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity"

E being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously
expensive commodity to an affordable one - "to an affordable one" is awkward
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Fighting on
Joined: 14 Mar 2010
Posts: 285
Schools: UCLA (R1 interview-WL), UNC(R2--interview-ding) Oxford(R2-Admit), Kelley (R2- Admit $$), McCombs(R2)
WE 1: SE - 1
WE 2: Engineer - 3
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2010, 07:15
1
A being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was expensive before that

B having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it had previously been expensive

C one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite its previous expense

D one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite the fact that it had previously been expensive

E being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously expensive commodity to an affordable one
Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Flying over the cloud!
Joined: 16 Aug 2011
Posts: 577
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
GMAT Date: 06-06-2014
GPA: 3.07
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Nov 2011, 19:12
1
D for me too. I eliminate all choice contain "being" in this sentence. What's the OA? Moreover, I can assume that if 'being' can be used here, 'being' will modify the invention, not the 'cotton bin' (the intended target need modifying). The phrase between two comma will take the role of 'mission critical' modifier, according to MGMAT SC page 234

Hope that helps.
_________________

CR: Focus of the Week: Must be True Question

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Jul 2011
Posts: 97
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Oct 2012, 02:40
This is a MGMAT problem and they say that the OA is D. However, they agree that the problem is not perfect.

Check out this link: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/the ... t3207.html
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4617
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Nov 2012, 22:02
1
1
A. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that. ------ Being used as a modifier is incorrect usage in GMAT; Going by the tense, sequence of events is not in order.

B. having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, costly previously.--- sequence is inappropriate. The simple past tense for the costliness implies that was a later event, whereas it was the earlier event.


C. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable, however costly previously, commodity.--- the sandwiching of the th limiting modifier --however costly previously - between affordable and commodity is unstylistic.

D. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, whereas it had previously been costly. --- seems fair enough. We can take this as the best among the lot.

E. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one. --- Being used as a modifier is incorrect usage in GMAT.
_________________

you can know a lot about something but not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Aug 2009
Posts: 469
Schools: Harvard, Columbia, Stern, Booth, LSB,
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Feb 2013, 04:48
1
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that.
a. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that - Use of being & HAD is incorrect. Moreover, use of IT is ambiguous.

b. having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, costly previously - The original intent does not allows for any Cause & Effect, thus use of "Having been" is incorrect

c. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable, however costly previously, commodity - CORRECT

d. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, whereas it had previously been costly - Use of IT is ambiguous as it can refer either to CLOTH or to COMMODITY. WHEREAS does not make any sense at all.

e. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one - Same error as in A; moreover use of TO is incorrect.

So IMO answer has to be option C.

Fame
_________________

If you like my Question/Explanation or the contribution, Kindly appreciate by pressing KUDOS.
Kudos always maximizes GMATCLUB worth
-Game Theory

If you have any question regarding my post, kindly pm me or else I won't be able to reply

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Dec 2012
Posts: 84
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jun 2013, 22:24
1
1
This is from MGMAT and the OA is D and not B.

OA is D because -

If we pick D and say B for discussion sake then,

having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it had previously been expensive
- Tries to state that since it was a significant development, it could make the cotton cloth an affordable commodity. The reason why the cotton cloth became affordable is not mentioned in the question.

In D, the sentence clearly puts the modifier as non-essential. The modifier probably modifies "invention of the cotton gin" rather than cotton gin itself. cotton gin is within a prepositional phrase "of the cotton gin".

So, D says that the invention of the cotton gin, <modifier>, <rest of the sentence>.

Another example -

It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.
Director
Director
User avatar
S
Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Posts: 533
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jan 2017, 09:42
1
Top Contributor
Let me give it a shot.
Option D seems to be the best answer.

Option A -
"being" is redundant. Removing "being" does not alter the meaning of the sentence.
the usage of past perfect is unnecessary in the first clause -
"The invention of the cotton gin had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity" - simple past tense will suffice.
"before that" - the usage of the demonstrative adjective "that" is incorrect. It must always be used with a noun.

Option B -
"having been" is redundant. Removing "having been" does not alter the meaning of the sentence.
"costly previously" seems to modify "affordable commodity".

Option C -
"however costly previously" seems to refer to "affordable"

Option D -
"whereas" is used to indicate contrast. (it was costly earlier; now it is affordable).
Also note that pronoun ambiguity is not tested on the GMAT. (see what can logically stand for the pronoun. If such a noun exists, then there is no pronoun ambiguity).

Option E -
"being" is redundant.
if we say X turned Y from A to B. this implies that A was the previous state.
"turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one" - "previously" seems to be redundant.
_________________

For more info on GMAT and MBA, follow us on @AskCrackVerbal

Register for the Free GMAT Video Training Course : https://crackverbal.com/MBA-Through-GMAT-2019-Registration

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 24 Jan 2017
Posts: 144
GMAT 1: 640 Q50 V25
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
GPA: 3.48
Reviews Badge
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 27 May 2017, 02:41
mkrishnabdrr wrote:
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that.


A. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that

B. having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, costly previously

C. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable, however costly previously, commodity

D. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth, which had previously been quite costly, into an affordable commodity

E. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one


I chose D.

I'll give my 2 cents for approaching.

The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that.

<The sentence talks about cotton gin. Initially, cloth was costly, but after invention of cotton gin, it became affordable>

A. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that
=> Wrong. The phrase "being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century" should modify "cotton gin". Therefore, "one of the most significant developments..." is enough; usage of "being" is wrong.
Also, past perfect tense "had turned cotton..." is wrong. Because the 2nd clause "it was costly before that" is in simple past tense, and the invention happened after that; therefore, invention's impact cannot take past perfect tense.

B. having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, costly previously
=> Wrong. Similar to usage of "being" in previous option, the usage of "having been" is wrong.

C. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable, however costly previously, commodity
=> Wrong. This a good contender. But compared to clear expression in option (D), phrase "however costly previously" makes (C) become wordy and less preferred.

D. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth, which had previously been quite costly, into an affordable commodity
CORRECT. Especially, usage of past perfect in "which had previously been quite costly" correctly describes the sequence of events of this sentence.

E. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one
=> Wrong. As in option (A), usage of "being" is wrong.

Originally posted by Lucy Phuong on 26 May 2017, 20:34.
Last edited by Lucy Phuong on 27 May 2017, 02:41, edited 1 time in total.
Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4330
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 May 2017, 22:15
mkrishnabdrr wrote:
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that.


A. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that

B. having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, costly previously

C. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable, however costly previously, commodity

D. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth, which had previously been quite costly, into an affordable commodity

E. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one



The invention of the cotton gin, one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth, which had previously been quite costly, into an affordable commodity

Errors in the other options, highlighted in red, correct answer must be (D)
_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3627
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 May 2017, 04:42
Hi GMATNinja ,

Need your special attention here.

There is a lot of confusion for options B, D and E.

Can you please provide your thoughts on this question?

Thanks
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place
Blog: Subscribe to Question of the Day Blog
GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.

Manager
Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 13 Aug 2015
Posts: 208
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.82
WE: Corporate Finance (Retail Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 May 2017, 04:54
1
abhimahna wrote:
Hi GMATNinja ,

Need your special attention here.

There is a lot of confusion for options B, D and E.

Can you please provide your thoughts on this question?

Thanks


Official Explanation from Manhattan:

The word "being" is unnecessary in the opening modifier "being one of the most significant developments . . ." Moreover, the past perfect verb "had turned" coupled with the simple past verb "was" reverses the chronological order of the events. The tenses run counter to the logic of the sentence by incorrectly suggesting that the invention of the cotton gin happened before the cotton cloth became expensive.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The words "having been" are unnecessary in the opening modifier. Moreover, the ending phrase "costly previously" is too concise; it fails to strike the contrast between the earlier and the later state of affairs.

(C) This choice interrupts the connection between the adjective "affordable" and the noun "commodity," making the sentence hard to follow. Also, the use of "however" changes the meaning: "however costly" implies that the cotton gin would have made cotton cloth affordable no matter how costly it was previously. In contrast, the original sentence only states that cotton cloth had previously been costly.

(D) CORRECT. The modifier "one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century" eliminates the unnecessary word "being." The simple past verb "turned" coupled with the past perfect "had previously been" correctly expresses the fact that cotton cloth was "turned ... into an affordable commodity" after it "had previously been quite costly." The later past event uses the simple past tense, whereas the earlier past event uses the past perfect tense. Moreover, the relative pronoun "which" correctly modifies "cotton cloth" and resolves any ambiguity.

(E) The word "being" is unnecessary in the opening modifier.
_________________

If you like my posts, please give kudos. Help me unlock gmatclub tests.

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Mar 2017
Posts: 234
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27
GPA: 4
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Nov 2018, 10:42
MartyMurray , AjiteshArun .

I am finding it difficult to eliminate option E on the basis of "being" alone. The word "being" raises red flag in an answer choice but not always. I am still unsure why have we eliminated E.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 03 Jan 2017
Posts: 11
Premium Member
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Dec 2018, 15:16
Isn't had previously also redundant in E. I dont think redundancy is issue in E. There probably is some rule which we dont understand regarding being.

CrackVerbalGMAT wrote:
Let me give it a shot.
Option D seems to be the best answer.

Option A -
"being" is redundant. Removing "being" does not alter the meaning of the sentence.
the usage of past perfect is unnecessary in the first clause -
"The invention of the cotton gin had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity" - simple past tense will suffice.
"before that" - the usage of the demonstrative adjective "that" is incorrect. It must always be used with a noun.

Option B -
"having been" is redundant. Removing "having been" does not alter the meaning of the sentence.
"costly previously" seems to modify "affordable commodity".

Option C -
"however costly previously" seems to refer to "affordable"

Option D -
"whereas" is used to indicate contrast. (it was costly earlier; now it is affordable).
Also note that pronoun ambiguity is not tested on the GMAT. (see what can logically stand for the pronoun. If such a noun exists, then there is no pronoun ambiguity).

Option E -
"being" is redundant.
if we say X turned Y from A to B. this implies that A was the previous state.
"turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one" - "previously" seems to be redundant.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 08 Aug 2017
Posts: 289
Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Dec 2018, 22:52
Hello there,

I didn't understand how however costly previously can refer to affordable. The basis of striking off the option C doesn't seems convincing.
Would you elaborate why C is wrong?
As I think, here costly logically referring to cotton cloth.


CrackVerbalGMAT wrote:
Let me give it a shot.
Option D seems to be the best answer.

Option A -
"being" is redundant. Removing "being" does not alter the meaning of the sentence.
the usage of past perfect is unnecessary in the first clause -
"The invention of the cotton gin had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity" - simple past tense will suffice.
"before that" - the usage of the demonstrative adjective "that" is incorrect. It must always be used with a noun.

Option B -
"having been" is redundant. Removing "having been" does not alter the meaning of the sentence.
"costly previously" seems to modify "affordable commodity".

Option C -
"however costly previously" seems to refer to "affordable"

Option D -
"whereas" is used to indicate contrast. (it was costly earlier; now it is affordable).
Also note that pronoun ambiguity is not tested on the GMAT. (see what can logically stand for the pronoun. If such a noun exists, then there is no pronoun ambiguity).

Option E -
"being" is redundant.
if we say X turned Y from A to B. this implies that A was the previous state.
"turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one" - "previously" seems to be redundant.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 10 May 2018
Posts: 40
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Dec 2018, 22:11
spriya wrote:
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that.

(A) being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that

(B) having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, costly previously

(C) one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable, however costly previously, commodity

(D) one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, whereas it had previously been costly

(E) being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one

Source : Manhattan Prep Online Question Bank Q#8


Got correct in the second attempt.
A and E have a redundant "being" in them.
B changes the meaning by the usage of "having been"; it continues to be a significant development of the 19th century and simple past tense would be the correct usage.
C is awkward in "however costly previously".
D doesn't seem perfect but the best of the lot.
GMAT Club Bot
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev &nbs [#permalink] 24 Dec 2018, 22:11
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant dev

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.