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# The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing

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Manager
Joined: 29 Mar 2005
Posts: 87
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2006, 00:46
5
18
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (00:49) correct 19% (00:57) wrong based on 2668 sessions

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The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing
Manager
Status: Mission GMAT
Joined: 20 Apr 2011
Posts: 68

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22 Sep 2011, 04:57
19
6
Ah, the -ing contrast error as I call it!

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

A - but supplementing - wrong. folks, the ing modifier canNOT appear with but. The obvious reason, the ing modifier clause builds up on the opening clause. It does NOT indicate a contrast. Check the meaning, the second clause is actually showing a contrats to the first one. Also, note here that ing is not a progressive tense. it is a modifier.

B - and had supplemented - wrong again. two reasons. 1. and cannot show a contrast. it is usually used to link two independent clauses. the intended meaning is a contrast. 2. had supplemented - incorrect tense. it indidcates that this action was before they were planters. incorrect meaning. the actions are simultaneous and the tenses should be consistent. both - simple past.

C - and even though they supplemented - incorrect. this indicates a contrast - meaning-wise correct. but this is not a complete sentence. it is a fragment. [i]]and[i] must connect independent clauses. the second clause does not have a working verb that will make it an independent clause. it is wordy too.

D - although they supplemented - wow! correct! although indicates contrast. they supplemented is correct. also, althouth needs a clause (sub + verb) this clause has both - correct. the tense supplemented (simple past) is correct as well. it is consistent with the non underlined tense.

E - but with supplementing - this is a modifier, not a verb. same error, ing modifier that is introducing a contrast. does not work. incorrect.

Take-aways -
Although needs a clause
Ing modifier cannot indicate a contrast
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##### General Discussion
VP
Joined: 07 Nov 2005
Posts: 1061
Location: India

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03 Aug 2006, 01:34
2
2
Should be D.
To show proper contrast we need "although".

The original sentence is trying to tell that the Iroquois were planters despite the fact that they supplemented their cultivation of......with......

The Iroquois were primarily a planters, although they supplemented their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.
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Intern
Joined: 23 Oct 2005
Posts: 13

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03 Aug 2006, 02:45
2
The Iroquois were primarily a planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.
A.
C. and eventhough they supplemented
D. although they supplemented
E. but with supplementing

A. as if they are still supplementing. so wrong
B wrong connecting word. it shuld be but
c and eventhough. two connecting words make it awkward
d .correct
e . but corrects one prob . the -ing is wrong
Senior Manager
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03 Aug 2006, 03:17
Yup D...

Although shows the contrast needed here.
SVP
Joined: 30 Mar 2006
Posts: 1696

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03 Aug 2006, 03:21
1
Clear winner D.

Although is required to show contrast.
Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2006
Posts: 103
Location: London

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06 Aug 2006, 06:07
Clear D.

Although I don't think a should be included in "The Iroquois were primarily a planters"
Intern
Joined: 17 Oct 2006
Posts: 9
SC - The Iroquois (tricky question)  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2007, 14:26
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing
Manager
Joined: 07 Feb 2007
Posts: 206
Re: SC - The Iroquois (tricky question)  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2007, 19:13
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented--Correct
(E) but with supplementing
Manager
Joined: 25 Mar 2007
Posts: 80

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09 Apr 2007, 16:56
D for me too. POE works really well for this question.
Manager
Joined: 11 Nov 2006
Posts: 139

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09 Apr 2007, 22:09
Another D,

- the use of the word "although" shows perfectly the contrast
- the verb tense is consistent (simple past)
GMAT Club Legend
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Posts: 4906
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10 Apr 2007, 02:31
The writer meant to show a contrast - that the iruquois were planters although they did some hunting and fishing of their own.

D fits in very well.
Intern
Joined: 17 Oct 2006
Posts: 9

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10 Apr 2007, 11:51
YES, THE OA is D.

ywilfred wrote:
The writer meant to show a contrast - that the iruquois were planters although they did some hunting and fishing of their own.

D fits in very well.
Manager
Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 219
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple- menting  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2010, 17:19
1
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting
their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Can someone explain the ans. I have a doubt on the usage of one of the words but like to see some views first. Thanks
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Ajit

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Posts: 146
Location: Toronto
Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2010, 17:50
ajit257 wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting
their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Can someone explain the ans. I have a doubt on the usage of one of the words but like to see some views first. Thanks

Hi,

in the original, "supplementing" leaves us wanting more - the sentence needs another phrase to be complete. Eliminate A and E.

We predict: "but supplemented" would fix the problem, so let's scan the choices.

B has the connector "and" - changes the meaning of the sentence (we lose the contrast) - get rid of B.

C has "and even though", requiring another verb in the sentence (just like A and E) - eliminate C.

Only D remains - "although they supplemented" is similar to our prediction and works just fine. Choose D!
Manager
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Posts: 219
Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2010, 13:58
Well i have a doubt about the usage of 'although'. I thought it was never used in the middle of the sc and always at the beginning.
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Ajit

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Posts: 146
Location: Toronto
Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2010, 16:31
ajit257 wrote:
Well i have a doubt about the usage of 'although'. I thought it was never used in the middle of the sc and always at the beginning.

I'm not aware of any such rule - it may be similar to the "never start a sentence with because" rule, which also isn't a real rule (i.e. it's OK to start a sentence with "because").
VP
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2010, 21:31
before posting the question, please make SEARCH!

thiw question was discussed before here: sc-iroquois-32790.html
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16 May 2011, 02:37
D matches with the sense of the sentence.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2011, 11:18
+1 D

We need "although" to show the contrast.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters &nbs [#permalink] 18 Jun 2011, 11:18

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# The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing

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