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# The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that

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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
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Please provide the detailed explanation of questions 1 and 3

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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
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sidharth2412 wrote:
Please provide the detailed explanation of questions 1 and 3

Posted from my mobile device

Explanation

1. Which one of the following most accurately states the main point of the passage?

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

In critically reading the passage, we identified the first sentence of paragraph 2 as a summary of the Main Idea. Choice (E) uses most of the same wording, and expresses the same idea—jury unanimity provides benefits that outweigh its cost, so it should remain a requirement in important trials.

(A) focuses too much on the rarity of jury trials, and does not address why they are important.

(B) introduces “irresponsible” jurors, a concept not contained in the passage.

While (C) is a point made by the author, it leaves out the important idea that the benefits of jury unanimity outweigh the objections cited by critics. T

he author seems to believe that jurors are already doing what they are supposed to do (31-33), so (D) is also off base.

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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
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sidharth2412 wrote:
Please provide the detailed explanation of questions 1 and 3

swan17 wrote:

Explanation

3. Which one of the following principles can most clearly be said to underlie the author’s arguments in the third paragraph?

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

We’ll need to quickly consult our roadmap to remember what’s covered in paragraph 3. The author writes that some innocent people are already convicted and that eliminating the unanimity requirement would only make this more likely. He further writes that dismissing the opinion of a dissenting reviewer would eliminate an important component in the deliberation process. It’s clear, then, that the author believes the requirement is extremely important to prevent unjust verdicts, and that it’s worth using strong methods to do so (A).

Although (B) discusses fairness, it places responsibility on the judge, rather than the jury.

(C) is too strong in predicting the complete elimination of unjust verdicts, and (D) safeguards against irresponsible jurists, a topic unmentioned in the passage.

(E) states that the jury system is “inherently flawed,” which, although perhaps true, is not an underlying principle of the third paragraph of this passage.

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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
Can someone provide solution for 4 and 6 I want to make sure my reasoning is correct or not
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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
Can anyone please explain question 7

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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
aryan3 wrote:
Can someone provide solution for 4 and 6 I want to make sure my reasoning is correct or not

Explanation

4. Which one of the following sentences could most logically be added to the end of the last paragraph of the passage?

Difficulty Level: 600-650

Explanation

Paragraph 3 lists three reasons why jury unanimity is important for individual trials and society in general. There’s no point in trying to paraphrase here, so move on to the answer choices. (C) sums up the thinking in the paragraph by stressing the importance of each juror, and makes a more general point by comparing the jury system to democracy in general. This emphasizes the importance of jury unanimity and closes the passage with an uplifting rhetorical tone.

(A) discusses a “separate tradition,” but there is nothing in the passage that would support this distinction.

(B) and (E) go pretty far off base by introducing the new topics of public debate and scientific prosecution methods. The last sentence of the passage is not a good place to introduce entirely new ideas! Although the author has been arguing against the critics of jury unanimity, there’s no indication that he regards such criticism as undermining “the integrity of the entire legal system” (D).

6. The author explicitly claims that which one of the following would be a result of allowing a juror’s dissenting opinion to be dismissed?

Difficulty Level: 550-600

Explanation

Consult your road map to find the place where the author discusses the cost of dismissing the opinion of a juror. It’s at the end of paragraph 3, lines 51-54: “if even one juror has doubts that are dismissed out of hand, society’s confidence that a proper verdict has been reached would be undermined.” This matches up very well with (C).

Although the author does state that juries are usually hung in only the closest cases, he never explicitly states that only the closest cases would be affected by ignoring dissenters (A).

(B) presents the new and irrelevant topic of juries’ respect towards one another.

(D) and (E) both incorrectly imply that the author feels deadlocked juries represent a flaw in the legal system when he actually believes they are a necessary and important component.

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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
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JamesPatrick wrote:
Can anyone please explain question 7

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Explanation

7. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be most likely to agree with which one of the following?

Difficulty Level: 600-650

Explanation

A quick glance tells us that most of the answer choices deal with the author’s attitude towards hung juries. Answer choice (D) is a nice summation of the author’s views on this topic since he certainly believes that “hung juries are acceptable,” and also believes that they usually occur when neither party has made a sufficiently compelling case.

We’ve already noted that the author feels hung juries occur when neither side has a sufficiently compelling case, so it wouldn’t be right to say that “an error in judgment” (A) is indicated. Since the passage only addresses the topic of jury unanimity, the justice system in general (B), or even the entire jury system (C), are both too broad for us to infer the author’s views.

(E) is the opposite answer choice since the author believes doing away with jury unanimity (and therefore having fewer hung juries) would prevent the fair hearing of all jurors’ opinions.

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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
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Re: The jury trial is one of the handful of democratic institutions that [#permalink]
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