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# The nutritionist defined an obese individual

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The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2015, 20:57
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (00:58) correct 53% (01:01) wrong based on 454 sessions

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The nutritionist defined an obese individual as one handicapped by a severe excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating.

(A) as one handicapped by a severe excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating

(B) to be one that is handicapped by an excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating

(C) as one that is handicapped by an excess of weight and that has difficulty refraining from eating

(D) to have difficulty refraining from eating and being handicapped by a severe excess of weight

(E) as having difficulty refraining from eating and handicapped by a severe excess of weight
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2015, 23:13
1
Its straight C.

for Defined, the proper idiom is 'as'. Hence B and D are out.

A and E are not parallel. Left C. Good one. Took me 2.50. Please could you specify the source.

dominicraj wrote:
The nutritionist defined an obese individual as one handicapped by a severe excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating.

(A) as one handicapped by a severe excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating

(B) to be one that is handicapped by an excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating

(C) as one that is handicapped by an excess of weight and that has difficulty refraining from eating

(D) to have difficulty refraining from eating and being handicapped by a severe excess of weight

(E) as having difficulty refraining from eating and handicapped by a severe excess of weight

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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2015, 21:07
Can "that" be used as a pronoun for individual ?

Thanks.
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2015, 23:16
2
Swaroopdev wrote:
Can "that" be used as a pronoun for individual ?

Thanks.

Hi Swaroopdev,

"That" can be used as a sentence connector to connect clauses or can be used to "refer to a subject" of a sentence in order to meet the quantity of subject-verb pairs in a clause.

Regards,
Dom.
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2015, 05:27
Can "that" be used as a pronoun for individual ?
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2015, 05:31
Swaroopdev wrote:
Can "that" be used as a pronoun for individual ?

Thanks.

No, Avoid using that for individuals, instead use who or whom.
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2015, 05:34
mhk wrote:
Can "that" be used as a pronoun for individual ?

No, Avoid using that for individuals, instead use who or whom. However, note that whose can be used to refer to objects too.
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2015, 06:01
1
dominicraj wrote:
Swaroopdev wrote:
Can "that" be used as a pronoun for individual ?

Thanks.

Hi Swaroopdev,

"That" can be used as a sentence connector to connect clauses or can be used to "refer to a subject" of a sentence in order to meet the quantity of subject-verb pairs in a clause.

Regards,
Dom.

hi,
can you please give an example of this and what is the source of this Q?
clearly it should read "as one who is handicapped by an excess of weight and who" has difficulty refraining from eating..
'that' actually should be the reason to eliminate it. but then there is no choice which is better..
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2015, 10:34
Hi,

This question is taken from Manhattan Review Sentence Correction 4th edition. The OE does not say much..

OE:"The major issue that you have to consider in this sentence is parallel structure.Only C has parallel structure. Choice C is the correct answer."

However, "who" makes more sense than "that"...

Also something about what I mentioned for usage of "that"...

https://e-gmat.com/blog/gmat-verbal/sen ... -structure

Regards,
Dom
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2015, 07:08
this sentence just does not make any sense with 'that'.
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2015, 07:06
shriramvelamuri wrote:
Its straight C.

for Defined, the proper idiom is 'as'. Hence B and D are out.

A and E are not parallel. Left C. Good one. Took me 2.50. Please could you specify the source.

dominicraj wrote:
The nutritionist defined an obese individual as one handicapped by a severe excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating.

(A) as one handicapped by a severe excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating

(B) to be one that is handicapped by an excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating

(C) as one that is handicapped by an excess of weight and that has difficulty refraining from eating

(D) to have difficulty refraining from eating and being handicapped by a severe excess of weight

(E) as having difficulty refraining from eating and handicapped by a severe excess of weight

Can anyone elaboratr on why E isn't parallel? 'Having' and 'handicapped' are both verbs.
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2015, 16:02
Hi,

I also chose C, but right before checking the answer, I found out that the original sentence mentioned "severe excess of weight", and option C omits the word "severe". Doesn't this changes the meaning of the sentence?
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2015, 00:05
Clearly, 'that' refers to the noun individual and 'that' can never be used to refer to a person.
Makes me skeptical of the question's source.
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2016, 21:35
The nutritionist defined an obese individual as one handicapped by a severe excess
of weight with difficulty refraining from eating.

(A) as one handicapped by a severe excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating
(B) to be one that is handicapped by an excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating
(C) as one that is handicapped by an excess of weight and that has difficulty refraining from eating
(D) to have difficulty refraining from eating and being handicapped by a severe excess of weight
(E) as having difficulty refraining from eating and handicapped by a severe excess of weight

Source: Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide, Q #197
Unable to understand the usage of that with one. Advice needed.
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2016, 22:45
Hi pallavi01,

You will likely receive more of a response if you post this in the SC sub-Forum here:

gmat-sentence-correction-sc-138/

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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2016, 10:56
merging topics.
please use search functions when posting.

thank you!
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2016, 11:02
1
dominicraj wrote:
The nutritionist defined an obese individual as one handicapped by a severe excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating.

(A) as one handicapped by a severe excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating

(B) to be one that is handicapped by an excess of weight with difficulty refraining from eating

(C) as one that is handicapped by an excess of weight and that has difficulty refraining from eating

(D) to have difficulty refraining from eating and being handicapped by a severe excess of weight

(E) as having difficulty refraining from eating and handicapped by a severe excess of weight

C for me
defined X as Y is the correct idiom.
to be/to have - incorrect. B and D are out right away.

C maintains parallelism - one that X and that Y. so C is a good choice for the right answer
A has a slightly meaning error. handicapped with difficulty refraining from eating, or one with difficulty refraining from eating? A is out.
E is out, because we need a noun/pronoun after AS, otherwise, the usage of AS is not correct.

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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2017, 13:32
Why choice A is incorrect? I read mcvictor's post to clear my doubt, but I still could not understand how it is not conveying the intended meaning
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2017, 05:52
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AR15J wrote:
Why choice A is incorrect? I read mcvictor's post to clear my doubt, but I still could not understand how it is not conveying the intended meaning

C is definitely wrong: the pronoun "that" cannot refer to a person - the correct pronoun should be "who".

A is better than C. OA corrected.

(Note: The modifier "with difficulty refraining from eating" depicts a typical exception to modifier touch rule - the following excerpt is from Manhattan SC guide -

In general, noun modifiers must touch their nouns. However, there are a few exceptions to the Touch Rule.
1. A “mission-critical” modifier falls between. The less important modifier refers to the noun plus the first modifier.
)
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Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual  [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2017, 10:28
sayantanc2k wrote:
AR15J wrote:
Why choice A is incorrect? I read mcvictor's post to clear my doubt, but I still could not understand how it is not conveying the intended meaning

C is definitely wrong: the pronoun "that" cannot refer to a person - the correct pronoun should be "who".

A is better than C. OA corrected.

(Note: The modifier "with difficulty refraining from eating" depicts a typical exception to modifier touch rule - the following excerpt is from Manhattan SC guide -

In general, noun modifiers must touch their nouns. However, there are a few exceptions to the Touch Rule.
1. A “mission-critical” modifier falls between. The less important modifier refers to the noun plus the first modifier.
)

Can you please check again? I think C is still the OA.
Re: The nutritionist defined an obese individual &nbs [#permalink] 11 Mar 2017, 10:28

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