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# The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class

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Director
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
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Updated on: 09 Aug 2019, 02:36
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

26% (01:58) correct 74% (01:59) wrong based on 590 sessions

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The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.

Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years.
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.

Originally posted by marcodonzelli on 30 Jan 2008, 06:15.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Aug 2019, 02:36, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2008, 14:08
5
2
OA is E as explained below:

The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.
Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years. weakens..it is volume of mail and not mismanagement
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.weakens..it is fule cost and not mismanagement
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.weakens
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.weakens
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.strengthens..consumer prices only increased 300% whereas mail prices increased 10 fold..which is a 900% increase..thus it must be mismanagement
##### General Discussion
Director
Joined: 03 Jun 2009
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WE 1: 5.5 yrs in IT
Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2009, 08:39
2
I'll vote for E

The question is asking for an option, which doesn't weaken the argument and its option E.

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years. -Weakening the conclusion about mismanagement of postal services
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs. -providing reason for the "price has increased nearly tenfold", hence weakening this evidence.
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.-weakening the claim that "price has increased nearly tenfold". If private sevices are charging even more, that means Postal services are still well-managed as compared to other private services
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today. -Directly hitting the claim that "with an actual decrease in the speed "
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years. -Correct. The option says that other prices has increased by 3 times, whereas Postal service prices has increased by 10 times. Hence strengthening the conclusion that Postal services are badly managed.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2009, 12:32
I agree with E.

E can strengthen or weaken. We cant say that it weakens for sure. Notice that "average level of consumer prices" have increased. We don't know whether 'postal service' prices specifically increased or decreased. If it increased then it weakens the argument, if it decreased then it strengthens the argument.

C definitely weakens the argument because it specifically mentions that for "comparable delivery charges" others charge more.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2009, 12:51
Economist wrote:
I agree with E.

E can strengthen or weaken. We cant say that it weakens for sure. Notice that "average level of consumer prices" have increased. We don't know whether 'postal service' prices specifically increased or decreased. If it increased then it weakens the argument, if it decreased then it strengthens the argument.

C definitely weakens the argument because it specifically mentions that for "comparable delivery charges" others charge more.

The argument says that the "postal service" prices has also increased. This is evident in line "Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold,"
But the problem is that, the increase in postal service prices are at a much higher rate than the increase in average consumer prices.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2009, 13:01
Agreed. thanks for pointing !! But somehow I could smell the wrong answer choice with some keywords
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2011, 23:12
OA is E.

It would really be nice if original poster could post up OA together with the questions each time...

I chose C initially.

---
I figured this is how it should be -
Premise: increased price by 10x; decreased efficiency and reliability

A - weakens. Gives postal service an excuse to say it's not their fault for increased price n decreased efficiency/reliability
B - weakens. again, not postal services' fault! It was circumstantial.
C - weakens. Over here, it tells us, hey...comparatively, postal service charges less --> good management!
D - weakens. Increased efficiency! --> good management!
E - strengthens. Across the board, consumer prices increased only 3-folds. Postal service increased 10x!! Mismanagement!!

bholakc wrote:
The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.

Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years.
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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31 May 2013, 23:15
Quote:
The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.

Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years.
(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.
(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.
(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.
(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.

I think it is important to understand here whether to Strengthen or Weaken the Conclusion.
Conclusion: The postal service is badly mismanaged
Weaken: Not Mismanaged
Except: It is mismanaged.

E does the job. Rest all weakens the mismanagement claim.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2014, 11:49
1
First of all always post the OA once the question is posted.

The answer would have been more clear if the words in the premise were twofold rather than tenfold. And I'll tell you why.

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years.
Weakens. Because the volume of the mails has increased to such an extent that postal services cannot be blamed for the mismanagement.

(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs.
Weakens. Because cost is some other reason explaining why the postal services cannot be claimed as mismanaged.

(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges.
Irrelevant. Because no comparison of delivery charges between Private and Postal services justifies the mismanagement of Postal services. It could be that Private delivery charges were greater forty years ago. Also, the word 'usually' suggests uncertainty. Thus this option could be our possible answer. But, lets go through other options as well.

(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today.
Weakens. Because the timings of certain type of delivery was longer than what is it now. So slightly weaken the premise, but weakens.

(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years.
Weakens. Because average level of consumer price increased more than 4 times(300% over the original value) in last forty years. Whereas the premise of the argument states that the price of postal services increased nearly tenfold(ten times). So the crucial word here is 'more than'. It could mean that increase in consumer price is either 1)<(less than tenfold) or 2) =(equal to tenfold) or 3) > (greater than tenfold). In the second and third cases the option could support the argument whereas in the first case the option is clearly weakening the argument. So the argument is partly Weakened.

So Clearly, the best answer choice we are left with is 'C'.

P.S. This question is not very clear in meaning and its lack a proper framework. In Fact it is from the group of questions that aren't good enough to be tagged as GMAT level question. In here we have to chose the best option among the worst.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2015, 02:29
The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class letter delivery cost only three cents. Since then, the price has increased nearly tenfold, with an actual decrease in the speed and reliability of service.
Each of the following statements, if true, would tend to weaken the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) The volume of mail handled by the postal service has increased dramatically over the last forty years. - Wrong
This choice Weakens the conclusion by saying Mismanagement is due to the dramatic increase in the volume of mails.

(B) Unprecedented increases in the cost of fuel for trucks and planes have put severe upward pressures on postal delivery costs. - Wrong
This choice Weakens the conclusion by saying Transportation costs are the real reason for mismanagement.

(C) Private delivery services usually charge more than does the postal service for comparable delivery charges. - Wrong
If the Private delivery services are more costly then mismanagement is due to some other reason in the postal service.

(D) The average delivery time for a first-class letter four decades ago was actually slightly longer than it is today. - Wrong
Delivery time decades ago was not very very less compared to today's delivery time.

(E) The average level of consumer prices overall has increased more than 300 percent over the last forty years. - Correct
This supports clearly the conclusion saying, prices have increased leaps and bounds and still the service is poor.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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24 May 2017, 21:51
mkumar26 wrote:
why not option A ? anybody explain !

We need to find the answer which does not weaken the argument given.
The argument given is 'Postal service is mismanaged.Why? Because apparently the cost has increased after 40 years and service is not that reliable'
Now how can we weaken this argument? We can weaken it by pointing out an increase the postal service workload.
Now as the volume has increased dramatically, postal service workload has increased dramatically so automatically cost will increase, service can be delayed because of this excess workload. So, it does not mean Postal service is mismanaged. Thus it weakens the argument.

I hope it clears. Sorry if it wasnt precise or concise explanation.
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class  [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2019, 03:31
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Re: The postal service is badly mismanaged. Forty years ago, first-class   [#permalink] 20 Dec 2019, 03:31