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Intern  Joined: 07 Dec 2009
Posts: 12
The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest  [#permalink]

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1
4 00:00

Difficulty:   75% (hard)

Question Stats: 53% (01:02) correct 47% (01:13) wrong based on 198 sessions

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The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest to which of the following powers of 10?

A) 10^9
B) 10^8
C) 10^7
D) 10^6
E) 10^5

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: the-product-of-all-the-prime-numbers-less-than-20-is-closest-135192.html

ALL OG13 QUESTIONS WITH SOLUTIONS ARE HERE: the-official-guide-quantitative-question-directory-143450.html
Manager  Joined: 27 Apr 2008
Posts: 170

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The primes < 20 are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19. I would round up/down and estimate using 2,3,5,10,10,10,20,20.

So I have 30x 10^5 = 10^1 x 10^5 = 10^6
Manager  Joined: 17 Jan 2010
Posts: 125
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.78
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)

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1
used the same approach as mr. black but he forgets to use 2s out of last two factors. so it should be 30x4x10^5 = 10^2 x 10^5 = 10^7

IMO the OA is C
Intern  Joined: 15 Mar 2010
Posts: 7
Properties of number question from GMAT Review 12th Edition  [#permalink]

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Question 15 on GMAT Review Diagnostic Test

The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest to which of the following powers of 10?

(A) 10^9
(B) 10^8
(C) 10^7
(D) 10^6
(E) 10^5

The solution in the book makes you CALCULATE the exact number then compare it to the answers, very time consuming without a calculator.

BTW - Are questions in the diagnostic test harder than normal GMAT questions? Or are they the hardest in each category? I find them so much harder than the regular CAT test.

OA: C
Manager  Joined: 04 Apr 2010
Posts: 81
Schools: UCLA Anderson
Re: Properties of number question from GMAT Review 12th Edition  [#permalink]

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If you do the calculation using estimation and rounding, it's actually not too bad.

Yes, there are some difficult questions in the diagnostic test, and they get progressively more difficult throughout the section. They seem to be more "model" GMAT questions than the ones that actually appear on the exam. In order words, they lend themselves to solving easily using methods and tricks. That's not always true on the exam itself.
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Intern  Joined: 08 Apr 2010
Posts: 27
Re: Properties of number question from GMAT Review 12th Edition  [#permalink]

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thanatoz wrote:
Question 15 on GMAT Review Diagnostic Test

The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest to which of the following powers of 10?

(A) 10^9
(B) 10^8
(C) 10^7
(D) 10^6
(E) 10^5

The solution in the book makes you CALCULATE the exact number then compare it to the answers, very time consuming without a calculator.

BTW - Are questions in the diagnostic test harder than normal GMAT questions? Or are they the hardest in each category? I find them so much harder than the regular CAT test.

OA: C

this one can be done easily as shown below.
the prime numbers <20 are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19
taking the product of two at a time, we get 6, 35, 77, 221 and 19
on further applying this method of rounding and approximating, we see that the product nears 10^7
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fivezero7
SVP  Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1651
Concentration: Finance
Re: The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest  [#permalink]

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melissawlim wrote:
The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest to which of the following powers of 10?

A) 10^9
B) 10^8
C) 10^7
D) 10^6
E) 10^5

Official Guide 12 Question Question: 15 Page: 22 Difficulty: 700

Find All Official Guide Questions

Video Explanations:

Hi Bunnuel,

Any thoughts on this one?

Cheers!
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55732
Re: The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest  [#permalink]

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jlgdr wrote:
melissawlim wrote:
The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest to which of the following powers of 10?

A) 10^9
B) 10^8
C) 10^7
D) 10^6
E) 10^5

Official Guide 12 Question Question: 15 Page: 22 Difficulty: 700

Find All Official Guide Questions

Video Explanations:

Hi Bunnuel,

Any thoughts on this one?

Cheers!

The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest to which of the following powers of 10 ?

(A) 10^9
(B) 10^8
(C) 10^7
(D) 10^6
(E) 10^5

We should find the approximate value of 2*3*5*7*11*13*17*19 to some power of 10.

# of different approximations are possible.

Approach #1:

2*5=10;
3*7=~20 (actually more than 20);
11*19=~200 (actually more than 200);
13*17=~200 (actually more than 200);

$$2*3*5*7*11*13*17*19\approx{10*20*200*200=8*10^6}\approx{10^7}$$.

Approach #2:

2*5=10
3*17=~50 (actually more than 50);
7*13=~100 (actually less than 100);
11*19=~200 (actually more than 200)

$$2*3*5*7*11*13*17*19\approx{10*50*100*200}=10^7$$.

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: the-product-of-all-the-prime-numbers-less-than-20-is-closest-135192.html

ALL OG13 QUESTIONS WITH SOLUTIONS ARE HERE: the-official-guide-quantitative-question-directory-143450.html

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Non-Human User Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 11399
Re: The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: The product of all the prime numbers less than 20 is closest   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2018, 02:34
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