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# The proportion of fat calories in the diets of people who

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Manager
Joined: 22 Jun 2017
Posts: 102
Location: Argentina
Schools: HBS, Stanford, Wharton
The proportion of fat calories in the diets of people who  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2019, 19:00
4
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:36) correct 49% (01:42) wrong based on 45 sessions

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The proportion of fat calories in the diets of people who read the nutrition labels on food products is significantly lower than it is in the diets of people who do not read nutrition labels. This shows that reading these labels promotes healthful dietary behavior.

The reasoning in the argument above is flawed in that the argument
(A) illicitly infers a cause from a correlation
(B) relies on a sample that is unlikely to be representative of the group as a whole
(C) confuses a condition that is necessary for a phenomenon to occur with a condition that is sufficient for that phenomenon to occur
(D) takes for granted that there are only two possible alternative explanations of a phenomenon
(E) draws a conclusion about the intentions of a group of people based solely on data about the consequences of their behavior

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Intern
Joined: 30 Nov 2015
Posts: 9
Location: United States
Re: The proportion of fat calories in the diets of people who  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2019, 19:23
1
People who read labels (cause) --> Lower calories in food (effect)
People who don't read labels --> Higher calories in food
Conclusion: Reading labels (cause) --> healthful dietary behavior (effect)

The cause used in the argument is just a correlation. Maybe people read labels because they are already aware and want to get food items that have less calories.

B C D don't really add up.
E's complicated language makes it seem right but if you read it carefully you will realize that the argument is not really making a conclusion about the intentions of a group of people. I is simply stating that reading the label makes your dietary behavior healthier.
Re: The proportion of fat calories in the diets of people who   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2019, 19:23
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