techyrajeev wrote:
The proportion of women among students enrolled in higher education programs has increased over the past decades. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1959, only 11 percent of the women between twenty and twenty-one were enrolled in college, while in 1981, 30 percent of the women between twenty and twenty-one were enrolled in college.
To evaluate the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1959 and 1981 with regard to which of the following characteristics?
(A) The percentage of women between twenty and twenty-one who were not enrolled in college
(B) The percentage of women between twenty and twenty-five who graduated from college
(C) The percentage of women who, after attending college, entered highly paid professions
(D) The percentage of men between twenty and twenty-one who were enrolled in college
(E) The percentage of men who graduated from high school
I could not understand the reasoning behind the answer.
1959:
Total number of students enrolled=100
Women (20-21): 11
Men: 0
Obviously then, Women NOT(20-21): 89
Thus, proportion of women enrolled in 1959=100%
1981:
Total number of students enrolled=100
Women (20-21): 30
Men: 70
Obviously then, Women NOT(20-21): 0
Thus, proportion of women enrolled in 1981=30%
Thus, the proportion of woman in total students decreased from 1959 to 1981.
1959:
Total number of students enrolled=100
Women (20-21): 11
Men: 89
Obviously then, Women NOT(20-21): 0
Thus, proportion of women enrolled in 1959=11%
1981:
Total number of students enrolled=100
Women (20-21): 30
Men: 0
Obviously then, Women NOT(20-21): 70
Thus, proportion of women enrolled in 1981=100%
Thus, the proportion of woman in total students increased from 1959 to 1981.
Conclusion:
If we know what percent of men were enrolled in 1959 and 1981, we can exactly find the proportion of women among the students enrolled.
Ans: "D"