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The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball

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The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2018, 06:21
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A
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D
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:22) correct 46% (01:11) wrong based on 268 sessions

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The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball, like those governing professional gymnastics, were motivated by a desire to make the sport more interesting to watch.


(A) those governing professional gymnastics, were motivated

(B) those to the rules governing professional gymnastics, were motivated

(C) those to the rules which govern professional gymnastics, were motivated

(D) the amendments to the rules governing professional gymnastics, have been motivated

(E) the amendments governing professional gymnastics, were being motivated

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Re: The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2018, 06:30
+1 for B.

(A) those governing professional gymnastics, were motivated

(B) those to the rules governing professional gymnastics, were motivated --> Correct, Maintains parallel construct

(C) those to the rules which govern professional gymnastics, were motivated

(D) the amendments to the rules governing professional gymnastics, have been motivated

(E) the amendments governing professional gymnastics, were being motivated

Hence, B.
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The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 Aug 2018, 07:51
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The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball, like those governing professional gymnastics, were motivated by a desire to make the sport more interesting to watch.


(A) those governing professional gymnastics, were motivated

(B) those to the rules governing professional gymnastics, were motivated

(C) those to the rules which govern professional gymnastics, were motivated

(D) the amendments to the rules governing professional gymnastics, have been motivated

(E) the amendments governing professional gymnastics, were being motivated

The first point is that the use of simple past is inapt because actions or their impacts that permeate from the past into the current, the use of present perfect is the more appropriate choice. It doesn't matter as much when the actions happened as to whether their impact is still being felt.
A, B, C, and E fall to this nuance. See, the amenedments are to the rules and not to the sports as such.

D for me.
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Originally posted by daagh on 31 Jul 2018, 09:05.
Last edited by daagh on 01 Aug 2018, 07:51, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 06:20
I feel the answer should have a present perfect tense here as mentioned above. Can someone please explain why B better the D(in terms of the like portion)

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Re: The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2018, 04:37
1
Bunuel wrote:
The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball, like those governing professional gymnastics, were motivated by a desire to make the sport more interesting to watch.


(A) those governing professional gymnastics, were motivated

(B) those to the rules governing professional gymnastics, were motivated

(C) those to the rules which govern professional gymnastics, were motivated

(D) the amendments to the rules governing professional gymnastics, have been motivated

(E) the amendments governing professional gymnastics, were being motivated


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



Like marks the comparisons, this time between the amendments to the rules governing baseball and those to the rules governing gymnastics. The trick in the sentence is that there are three pieces to the comparison: the first is the amendments, the second is the rules, and the third is the sport. The first sentence parallels only two: "those governing gymnastics" parallels the sports and the rules (implied by "those") but not the amendments. Eliminate (E) as well because it parallels the first and third pieces but drops the second, the rules. You can look at the final verb in the choices to eliminate (D); were is better than have been since the action has been completed and have been suggests that it's still happening. The only difference between (B) and (C) is rules governing or rules which govern. The options seem more or less equal, but since the initial piece of the comparison mentions rules governing, the second piece needs to parallel that structure. (B) wins.

An 800 test taker is careful not to exclude or add items when working with comparisons. She knows that the objects of the comparison must always have grammatical structures that are perfectly consistent with each other.
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New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: The recent amendments to the rules governing professional baseball &nbs [#permalink] 02 Aug 2018, 04:37
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